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The effects of group education on patients and their next of kin

Author: Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren; Astrid Merete Nøstberg; Aslak Steinsbekk; Gunn E Vist; Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten,
Publisher: Oslo : Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, May 2011.
Series: Online access: NCBI NCBI Bookshelf.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Patient education is increasingly being used as part of the treatment course and is one of four of the specialist health care's statutory responsibilities in Norway. Group education is commonly used by the learning and activity centres. The Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services has summarized available research on the effect of group education to patients and their next of kin. We included 15 systematic  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Systematic Review
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren; Astrid Merete Nøstberg; Aslak Steinsbekk; Gunn E Vist; Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten,
OCLC Number: 1048158149
Notes: English summary excerpted from full report in Norwegian: Effekt av gruppeundervisning i pasient- og pårørendeopplæring.
Excerpt from Systematic review no. 09-2011.
Description: 1 online resource (1 PDF file (pages 7-11))
Series Title: Online access: NCBI NCBI Bookshelf.
Responsibility: Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Astrid Merete Nøstberg, Aslak Steinbekk, Gunn E. Vist.

Abstract:

Patient education is increasingly being used as part of the treatment course and is one of four of the specialist health care's statutory responsibilities in Norway. Group education is commonly used by the learning and activity centres. The Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services has summarized available research on the effect of group education to patients and their next of kin. We included 15 systematic reviews that compared group education with individual lessons, nothing or placebo, treatment as usual, treatment as usual or waiting list or no treatment, self-help, or other treatment. The reviews included people with type 2 diabetes, schizophrenia, rheumatism, cancer, back and neck pain, smoking cessation, birth preparation and a mixed group of patients with different chronic conditions. Most comparisons were of low or very low quality and often the documentation necessary was lacking. However, based on the comparisons of high to low quality, group education was found to be:1. Group education generally appears to have a positive effect on psychosocial outcomes such as mental health, coping, relations and knowledge about own illness.2. For people with type 2 diabetes, group education improves long term blood glucose and possibly leads to better skills, knowledge and patient satisfaction compared with usual care, waiting list or no intervention. No effect on quality of life or health behaviour were detected compared with no treatment or placebo3. For people with acute back pain, group education may possibly decrease pain duration work absence compared with no treatment or placebo. No statistical differences were detected compared with physical activity4. For people with schizophrenia, group education may possibly improve mental health and knowledge about own illness comapred with usual care5. For people with various cancers, group education probably impacts positively on depression, anxiety, quality of life, skills and relations with partner compared with usual care. No statistical differences were detected compared with no treatment or placebo.6. Group education probably increases the number of people who stop smoking compared with both self help groups and no intervention. No statistical differences were detected compared with nicotin replacement.

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