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Electric-Double-Layer Coupled Oxide-Based Neuromorphic Transistors Studies

Author: Changjin Wan
Publisher: Singapore : Springer Singapore : Imprint: Springer, 2019.
Series: Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book focuses on essential synaptic plasticity emulations and neuromorphic computing applications realized with the aid of three-terminal synaptic devices based on ion-coupled oxide-based electric-double-layer (EDL) transistors. To replicate the robust, plastic and fault-tolerant computational power of the human brain, the emulation of essential synaptic plasticity and computation of neurons/synapse by  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Changjin Wan
ISBN: 9789811333149 9811333149
OCLC Number: 1086561471
Description: 1 online resource (XXI, 107 p. 77 illus., 70 illus. in color.) online resource.
Contents: Introduction --
Fabrications and characterizations of oxide-based EDL transistors --
Synaptic emulations based on oxide-based EDL transistors --
Neuromorphic computing applications based on oxide-based EDL transistors --
Summary and prospect.
Series Title: Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research
Responsibility: by Changjin Wan.

Abstract:

This book focuses on essential synaptic plasticity emulations and neuromorphic computing applications realized with the aid of three-terminal synaptic devices based on ion-coupled oxide-based electric-double-layer (EDL) transistors. To replicate the robust, plastic and fault-tolerant computational power of the human brain, the emulation of essential synaptic plasticity and computation of neurons/synapse by electronic devices are generally considered to be key steps. The book shows that the formation of an EDL at the dielectric/channel interface that slightly lags behind the stimuli can be attributed to the electrostatic coupling between ions and electrons; this mechanism underlies the emulation of short-term synaptic behaviors. Furthermore, it demonstrates that electrochemical doping/dedoping processes in the semiconducting channel by penetrated ions from electrolyte can be utilized for the emulation of long-term synaptic behaviors. Lastly, it applies these synaptic transistors in an artificial visual system to demonstrate the potential for constructing neuromorphic systems. Accordingly, the book offers a unique resource on understanding the brain-machine interface, brain-like chips, artificial cognitive systems, etc. .

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