skip to content
Elephant slaves and pampered parrots : exotic animals in eighteenth-century Paris Preview this item
ClosePreview this item
Checking...

Elephant slaves and pampered parrots : exotic animals in eighteenth-century Paris

Author: Louise E Robbins
Publisher: Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.
Series: Animals, history, culture.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"In 1775 a visitor to Laurent Spinacuta's Grande Menagerie at the annual winter fair in Paris would have seen two tigers, several kinds of monkeys, an armadillo, an ocelot, and a condor - in all, forty-two live animals. In Elephant Slaves and Pampered Parrots, Louise E. Robbins explains that exotic animals from around the world were common in eighteenth-century Paris. In the streets of the city, residents and  Read more...
Rating:

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects
More like this

Find a copy online

Links to this item

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...

Details

Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Louise E Robbins
ISBN: 0801867533 9780801867538
OCLC Number: 45806359
Description: xiv, 349 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Contents: Introduction --
Live cargo --
Royal menagerie --
Fairs and fights --
Oiseleurs' guild --
Pampered parrots --
Animals in print --
Elephant slaves --
Vive la Liberté --
Epilogue.
Series Title: Animals, history, culture.
Other Titles: Elephant slaves & pampered parrots
Responsibility: Louise E. Robbins.
More information:

Abstract:

Based on wide-ranging and imaginative research, Elephant Slaves and Pampered Parrots stands as a major contribution to the history of human-animal relations, eighteenth-century culture, and French  Read more...

Reviews

Editorial reviews

Publisher Synopsis

It is both amusing and disturbing to read of people's bizarre interactions with animals in 18th-century France... Elephant Slaves and Pampered Parrots conveys the joy and wonder Parisians reaped from Read more...

 
User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...

Tags

Be the first.
Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data


\n\n

Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/45806359<\/a>> # Elephant slaves and pampered parrots : exotic animals in eighteenth-century Paris<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"45806359<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Place\/baltimore<\/a>> ; # Baltimore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mdu<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/tiere<\/a>> ; # Tiere<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/human_animal_relationships_france_paris_history_18th_century<\/a>> ; # Human-animal relationships--France--Paris--History--18th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/dieren<\/a>> ; # Dieren<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/918255<\/a>> ; # Exotic animals<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Event\/1700_1799<\/a>> ; # 1700-1799<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Place\/paris<\/a>> ; # Paris.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/exotismus<\/a>> ; # Exotismus<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/exotic_animals_france_paris_history_18th_century<\/a>> ; # Exotic animals--France--Paris--History--18th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/exotische_tiere<\/a>> ; # Exotische Tiere<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/exotisme<\/a>> ; # Exotisme<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1175064<\/a>> ; # Wild animals as pets<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1205283<\/a>> ; # France--Paris.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/menagerie<\/a>> ; # Menagerie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/963482<\/a>> ; # Human-animal relationships<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/alltag<\/a>> ; # Alltag<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/wild_animals_as_pets_france_paris_history_18th_century<\/a>> ; # Wild animals as pets--France--Paris--History--18th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Event\/geschichte_1700_1800<\/a>> ; # Geschichte 1700-1800.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/636.088709443609033\/e21\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:alternateName<\/a> \"Elephant slaves & pampered parrots<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/121985388<\/a>> ; # Louise E. Robbins<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2002<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Introduction -- Live cargo -- Royal menagerie -- Fairs and fights -- Oiseleurs\' guild -- Pampered parrots -- Animals in print -- Elephant slaves -- Vive la Libert\u00E9 -- Epilogue.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/793896695<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Series\/animals_history_culture<\/a>> ; # Animals, history, culture.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Elephant slaves and pampered parrots : exotic animals in eighteenth-century Paris<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"45806359<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/45806359#PublicationEvent\/baltimore_johns_hopkins_university_press_2002<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Agent\/johns_hopkins_university_press<\/a>> ; # Johns Hopkins University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:reviews<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/45806359#Review\/399230460<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/bvbr.bib-bvb.de:8991\/F?func=service&doc_library=BVB01&local_base=BVB01&doc_number=009790615&line_number=0001&func_code=DB_RECORDS&service_type=MEDIA<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/catdir.loc.gov\/catdir\/toc\/fy032\/2001000243.html<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/site.ebrary.com\/id\/10021539<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780801867538<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GBA254246<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GBA1V4276<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/45806359<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/636.088709443609033\/e21\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Agent\/johns_hopkins_university_press<\/a>> # Johns Hopkins University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Johns Hopkins University Press<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Event\/1700_1799<\/a>> # 1700-1799<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1700-1799<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Event\/geschichte_1700_1800<\/a>> # Geschichte 1700-1800.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Geschichte 1700-1800.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Place\/baltimore<\/a>> # Baltimore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Baltimore<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Place\/paris<\/a>> # Paris.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Paris.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:sameAs<\/a> <http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/4044660-8<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Series\/animals_history_culture<\/a>> # Animals, history, culture.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/45806359<\/a>> ; # Elephant slaves and pampered parrots : exotic animals in eighteenth-century Paris<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Animals, history, culture.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Animals, history, culture<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/alltag<\/a>> # Alltag<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Alltag<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/dieren<\/a>> # Dieren<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Dieren<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/exotic_animals_france_paris_history_18th_century<\/a>> # Exotic animals--France--Paris--History--18th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh90000787<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Exotic animals--France--Paris--History--18th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/exotische_tiere<\/a>> # Exotische Tiere<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Exotische Tiere<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/exotisme<\/a>> # Exotisme<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Exotisme<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/exotismus<\/a>> # Exotismus<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Exotismus<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/human_animal_relationships_france_paris_history_18th_century<\/a>> # Human-animal relationships--France--Paris--History--18th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85062838<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Human-animal relationships--France--Paris--History--18th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/menagerie<\/a>> # Menagerie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Menagerie<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/tiere<\/a>> # Tiere<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Tiere<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Topic\/wild_animals_as_pets_france_paris_history_18th_century<\/a>> # Wild animals as pets--France--Paris--History--18th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85146666<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Wild animals as pets--France--Paris--History--18th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mdu<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"mdu<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1175064<\/a>> # Wild animals as pets<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Wild animals as pets<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1205283<\/a>> # France--Paris.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"France--Paris.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/918255<\/a>> # Exotic animals<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Exotic animals<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/963482<\/a>> # Human-animal relationships<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Human-animal relationships<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/121985388<\/a>> # Louise E. Robbins<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Robbins<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Louise E.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Louise E. Robbins<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780801867538<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0801867533<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780801867538<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/45806359<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/45806359<\/a>> ; # Elephant slaves and pampered parrots : exotic animals in eighteenth-century Paris<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-07-20<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/45806359#PublicationEvent\/baltimore_johns_hopkins_university_press_2002<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Place\/baltimore<\/a>> ; # Baltimore<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/793896695#Agent\/johns_hopkins_university_press<\/a>> ; # Johns Hopkins University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:startDate<\/a> \"2002<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/45806359#Review\/399230460<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Review<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:itemReviewed<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/45806359<\/a>> ; # Elephant slaves and pampered parrots : exotic animals in eighteenth-century Paris<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:reviewBody<\/a> \"\"In 1775 a visitor to Laurent Spinacuta\'s Grande Menagerie at the annual winter fair in Paris would have seen two tigers, several kinds of monkeys, an armadillo, an ocelot, and a condor - in all, forty-two live animals. In Elephant Slaves and Pampered Parrots, Louise E. Robbins explains that exotic animals from around the world were common in eighteenth-century Paris. In the streets of the city, residents and visitors could observe performing elephants and a fighting polar bear. Those looking for unusual pets could purchase parrots, flying squirrels, and capuchin monkeys. The royal menagerie at Versailles displayed lions, cranes, an elephant, a rhinoceros, and a zebra, which in 1760 became a major court attraction.\"--Jacket.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n