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Engineering principles and practices for retrofitting flood-prone residential structures.

Author: United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Publisher: [Washington, D.C.] : Federal Emergency Management Agency, [2012]
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : English : 3rd edView all editions and formats
Summary:
Synopsis: The third edition of this document is intended to further aid homeowners in selecting and successfully executing a flood retrofit on their home. Engineering design and economic guidance on what constitutes feasible and cost-effective retrofitting measures for flood-prone residential and non-residential structures are presented. Elevation, relocation, dry floodproofing, wet floodproofing, and the use of  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Government publications
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Engineering principles and practices for retrofitting flood-prone residential structures.
(OCoLC)794515118
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency.
OCLC Number: 792987483
Notes: "January 2012."
Shipping list no.: 2012-0043-S.
"FEMA P-259."
"Catalog No: 11334-1."
Description: 1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations ; 28 cm
Contents: Chapter 1: Introduction To Retrofitting: --
1-1: Goals and intended users --
1-2: Organization of the manual --
1-3: Methods of retrofitting --
1-3-1: Elevation --
1-3-1-1: Elevation on solid perimeter foundation walls --
1-3-1-2: Elevation on open foundation systems --
1-3-2: Relocation --
1-3-3: Dry floodproofing --
1-3-4: Wet floodproofing --
1-3-5: Floodwalls and levees --
1-4: Considerations when retrofitting --
1-5: Retrofitting process --
1-5-1: Other retrofitting guides --
Chapter 2: Regulatory Requirements: --
2-1: National flood insurance program --
2-1-1: Flood hazard information --
2-1-1-1: Flood insurance rate maps --
2-1-1-2: Flood insurance studies --
2-1-2: Floodplain management regulations --
2-1-3: Insurance program --
2-1-4: NFIP flood-prone building performance requirements --
2-2: Community regulations and the permitting process --
2-3: National model building codes --
2-4: Consensus standards --
Chapter 3: Parameters Of Retrofitting: --
3-1: Determination of homeowner preferences --
3-1-1: Initial homeowner meeting --
3-1-2: Initial site visit --
3-1-3: Aesthetic concerns --
3-1-4: Economic considerations --
3-1-5: Risk considerations --
3-1-6: Accessibility for individuals with special needs --
3-2: Community regulations and permitting --
3-2-1: Local codes --
3-2-2: Building systems/code upgrades --
3-2-3: Off-site flooding impacts --
3-3: Technical parameters --
3-3-1: Flooding characteristics --
3-3-1-1: Flood depth and elevation --
3-3-1-2: Flood flow velocity --
3-3-1-3: Flood frequency --
3-3-1-4: Rates of rise and fall --
3-3-1-5: Flood duration --
3-3-1-6: Debris impact --
3-3-2: Site characteristics --
3-3-2-1: Site location --
3-3-2-2: Vulnerability to erosion --
3-3-2-3: Soil type --
3-3-3: Building characteristics --
3-3-3-1: Substructure --
3-3-3-2: Superstructure --
3-3-3-3: Support services --
3-3-3-4: Building construction --
3-3-3-5: Building condition --
3-4: Balancing historic preservation with flood protection --
3-5: Multiple hazards --
3-5-1: Earthquake forces --
3-5-2: Wind forces --
Chapter 4: Determination Of Hazards: --
4-1: Analysis of flood-related hazards --
4-1-1: Determining flood elevations --
4-1-1-1: Riverine areas --
4-1-1-2: Coastal areas --
4-1-2: Flood forces and loads --
4-1-2-1: Flood depth and floodproofing design depth --
4-1-2-2: Hydrostatic forces --
4-1-2-3: Lateral hydrostatic forces --
4-1-2-4: Saturated soil forces --
4-1-2-5: Combined saturated soil and water forces --
4-1-2-6: Vertical hydrostatic forces --
4-1-2-7: Hydrodynamic forces --
4-1-2-8: High velocity hydrodynamic forces --
4-1-2-9: Impact loads --
4-1-2-10: Riverine erosion --
4-1-3: Site drainage --
4-1-4: Movable bed streams --
4-1-5: Analysis of non-flood-related hazards --
4-1-6: Wind forces --
4-1-7: Seismic forces --
4-1-8: Combining forces --
4-1-9: Protection of the structure --
4-1-10: Protection of non-structural building components and building contents --
4-1-11: Land subsidence --
4-2: Geotechnical considerations --
4-2-1: Allowable bearing capacity --
4-2-2: Scour potential --
4-2-2-1: Frost zone considerations --
4-2-2-2: Permeability --
4-2-2-3: Shrink-swell potential. Chapter 5: General Design Practices: --
5-1: Field investigation --
5-1-1: Local building requirements --
5-1-2: Surveys --
5-1-3: Structure survey --
5-1-4: Topographic survey --
5-1-5: Site utilities survey --
5-1-6: Hazard determinations --
5-1-7: Documentation of existing building systems --
5-1-8: Homeowner preferences --
5-1-9: Homeowner coordination --
5-1-10: Maintenance programs and emergency action plans --
5-2: Analysis of existing structure --
5-2-1: Structural reconnaissance --
5-2-2: Footings and foundations systems --
5-2-3: Bearing capacity of footings --
5-2-4: Bearing capacity of foundation walls --
5-2-5: Lateral loads --
5-2-6: Vertical loads --
5-2-7: Dead loads --
5-2-8: Live loads --
5-2-9: Roof snow loads --
5-2-10: Calculation of vertical, dead, live, and snow loads --
5-2-11: Capacity versus loading --
5-2-12: Load combination scenarios --
5-2-13: Strength design method --
5-2-14: Allowable stress method --
Chapter 5D: Dry Floodproofing: --
5D-1: Emergency operations plan --
5D-2: Inspection and maintenance plan --
5D-3: Sealants and shields --
5D-4: Field investigation --
5D-5: Confirm structure is designed to accommodate dry floodproofing measures --
5D-6: Selection and design of sealant systems --
5D-6-1: Coatings --
5D-6-2: Wrapped systems --
5D-6-3: Brick veneer systems --
5D-7: Selection and design of shield systems --
5D-7-1: Plate shields --
5D-8: Construction considerations for sealants and shields --
5D-9: Drainage collection systems --
5D-9-1: French drains --
5D-9-2: Exterior underdrain systems --
5D-9-3: Interior drain system --
5D-9-4: Types of sump pumps --
5D-9-5: Infiltration versus inundation --
5D-9-6: Coordination with other floodproofing methods --
5D-9-7: Field investigation --
5D-9-8: Design --
5D-10: Backflow valves --
5D-10-1: Field investigation --
5D-10-2: Design --
5D-11: Emergency power --
5D-11-1: Field investigation --
5D-11-2: Design --
5D-11-3: Construction --
5D-12: Non-residential construction --
5D-12-1: Permanent closure of openings --
5D-12-2: Watertight core areas --
5D-12-3: Enhanced flood shields --
5D-12-4: Moveable floodwalls --
5D-12-5: Pressure relief systems --
Chapter 5E: Elevation: --
5E-1: Types of residential structures that can be elevated --
5E-1-1: Houses over a crawlspace --
5E-1-2: Houses over basements --
5E-1-2-1: Design of openings in foundation walls for intentional flooding of enclosed areas below the DFE --
5E-1-3: Houses on piers, columns, or piles --
5E-1-4: Slab-on-grade houses --
5E-1-4-1: Elevating a slab-on-grade wood-frame house --
5E-1-4-2: Elevating a slab-on-grade masonry house --
5E-1-5: Heavy building materials/complex design --
5E-2: Field investigation concerns --
5E-2-1: Property inspection and existing data review --
5E-2-2: Code search --
5E-3: Design --
5E-4: Construction considerations --
5E-4-1: Slab-on-grade house, not raising slab with house --
5E-4-2: Slab-on-grade house, raising slab --
5E-4-3: House over crawlspace/basement--
5E-4-4: House on piers, columns, or piles --
Chapter 5F: Floodwalls And Levees: --
5F-1: Floodwalls --
5F-1-1: Types of floodwalls --5F-1-1-1: Gravity floodwall --
5F-1-1-2: Cantilever floodwall --
5F-1-1-3: Buttressed floodwall --
5F-1-1-4: Counterfort floodwall --
5F-1-2: Field investigation for floodwalls --
5F-1-3: Floodwall design --
5F-1-3-1: Floodwall design (selection and sizing) --
5F-1-3-2: Floodwall design (simplified approach) --
5F-1-4: Floodwall appurtenances --
5F-1-4-1: Floodwall closures --
5F-1-4-2: Drainage systems --
5F-1-5: Floodwall seepage and leakage --
5F-1-5-1: Seepage through the floodwall --
5F-1-5-2: Seepage under the floodwall --
5F-1-5-3: Leakage between the floodwall and residence --
5F-1-6: Floodwall architectural details --
5F-1-7: Floodwall construction --
5F-2: Levees --
5F-2-1: Levee field investigation --
5F-2-2: Levee design --
5F-2-2-1: Standard levee design criteria --
5F-2-2-2: Initial levee design phases --
5F-2-3: Levee seepage concerns --
5F-2-3-1: Scouring/levee slope protection --
5F-2-3-2: Interior levee drainage --
5F-2-3-3: Levee maintenance --
5F-2-3-4: Levee cost --
5F-2-4: Levee construction --
5F-2-4-1: Levee soil suitability --
5F-2-4-2: Levee compaction requirements --
5F-2-4-3: Levee settlement allowance --
5F-2-4-4: Levee borrow area restrictions --
5F-2-4-5: Access across levee. Chapter 5R: Relocation: --
5R-1: Step 1: Select the house moving contractor --
5R-2: Step 2: Analyze the existing site and structure --
5R-3: Step 3: Select, analyze, and design the new site --
5R-4: Step 4: Prepare the existing site --
5R-5: Step 5: Analyze and prepare the moving route --
5R-6: Step 6: Prepare the structure --
5R-7: Step 7: Prepare the new site --
5R-8: Step 8: Move the structure --
5R-9: Step 9: Restore the old site --
Chapter 5W: Wet Floodproofing: --
5W-1: Protection of the structure --
5W-1-1: Foundations --
5W-1-2: Cavity walls --
5W-1-3: Solid walls --
5W-2: Use of flood-resistant materials --
5W-3: Building operations and maintenance procedures and emergency preparedness plans --
5W-3-1: Flood warning system --
5W-3-2: Inspection and maintenance plan --
5W-3-3: Emergency operations plan --
5W-3-4: Protection of utility systems --
5W-4: Elevation --
5W-5: In-place protection --
5W-6: Field investigation --
5W-7: Design overview --
5W-8: Electrical systems --
5W-9: Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems --
5W-10: Fuel supply/storage systems --
5W-11: Water systems --
5W-12: Sewer systems --
5W-13: Calculation of buoyancy forces --
5W-14: Construction/implementation --
Chapter 6: Case Studies: --
6-1: Case Study #1: Residential retrofit in Riverine Floodplain using elevation or relocation --
6-1-1: Description of property --
6-1-2: Structure information --
6-1-3: Retrofit options selection --
6-1-4: Load calculations --
6-1-5: Supporting documentation --
6-1-6: Real world examples --
6-2: Case Study #2: Residential retrofit in coastal A zone using elevation or acquisition --
6-2-1: Description of property --
6-2-2: Structure information --
6-2-3: Retrofit options selection --
6-2-4: Load calculations --
6-2-5: Supporting documentation --
6-2-6: Real world examples --
6-3: Case Study #3: Residential retrofit outside of the floodplain using dry or wet floodproofing --
6-3-1: Description of property --
6-3-2: Structure information --
6-3-3: Retrofit options selection --
6-3-4: Load calculations --
6-3-5: Supporting documentation --
6-3-6: Real world examples --
6-4: Case Study #4: Residential retrofit outside of the floodplain using floodwalls or levees --
6-4-1: Description of property --
6-4-2: Structure information --
6-4-3: Retrofit options selection --
6-4-4: Load calculations --
6-4-5: Drainage requirements --
6-4-6: Supporting documentation --
6-4-7: Real world examples --
Appendices: Appendix A: Sources of FEMA funding --
Appendix B: Understanding the FEMA benefit-cost analysis process --
Appendix C: Sample design calculations --
Appendix D: Alluvial fan flooding --
Appendix E: References --
Appendix F: Other resources --
Appendix G: Summary of NFIP requirements and best practices --
Appendix H: Acronyms.
More information:

Abstract:

Synopsis: The third edition of this document is intended to further aid homeowners in selecting and successfully executing a flood retrofit on their home. Engineering design and economic guidance on what constitutes feasible and cost-effective retrofitting measures for flood-prone residential and non-residential structures are presented. Elevation, relocation, dry floodproofing, wet floodproofing, and the use of levees and floodwalls to mitigate flood hazards are discussed. This edition was updated to be more user-friendly and concise, the overall length of the publication has been shortened.

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