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Enjoying literature

Author: Lee A Jacobus
Publisher: Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice Hall, 1996.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English

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Genre/Form: Collections
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Lee A Jacobus
ISBN: 013282633X 9780132826334
OCLC Number: 81045955
Description: pages cm
Contents: INTRODUCTION. Introduction. What is literature? What does literature do? Why is literature important?1. Interpreting Literature. The importance of interpretation. Close reading. Interpreting Robert Frost's Fire and Ice. The process of interpretation: Interpretation and the author's intention; Interpretation and the search for meaning. Interpretive strategies. Text-based interpretations: The Formalist approach: New criticism; Psychoanalytic criticism. Reader-based interpretation: Reader response criticism. Context-based interpretations: Feminist criticism; Political-Economic criticism; Cultural criticism; Historicism and new Historicism. Combining interpretive strategies. Using Intepretive Strategies. Interpreting Nikki Giovanni's Master Charge Blues. A Formalist interpretation: New criticism; A psychoanalytic interpretation. A reader response interpretation. A feminist interpretation. A Political-Economic interpretation; A cultural interpretation; A historical interpretation.2. Writing About Literature. The purposes of writing about literature. Developing insights: Beginning with close reading. Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias. Questions for close reading. Taking notes, summarizing. Response journals. The process of writing interpretive essays: Prewriting; Freewriting, brainstorming, listing; Narrowing your topic; Interpretive strategies; Developing your thesis. Principles of evidence in literary studies: Backing up your thesis with details from the text; Patterns, implications, silent gestures, codes, and subtleties; Quoting from literary texts. Punctuating quotations. Punctuating a lengthy quotation. Using sources: What sources are available? How to use sources; Quoting from sources; Compiling a works cited list. MLA style: Citing works in your text. The form of an interpretive essay: Manuscript details; Prewriting, planning, outlining; Redrafting: Organization; Editing: Style; The length and structure of a critical essay. A sample essay interpreting Percy Bysshe Shelley's Ozymandias using sources and combining Formalist and Historicist interpretive strategies. A sample essay interpreting Percy Bysshe Shelley's Ozymandias using Reader Response strategies and no sources.II. SHORT FICTION. 3. Enjoying Short Fiction. What is short fiction? Fiction and identity. A story from The Decameron. Interpreting The Pot of Basil. Close reading: Beginning with questions. A close reading of Suzanne Jacob's Two Cents. Meaning: Implied and explicit. Aesop: The Rooster and the Precious Gem. 4. Elements of Short Fiction. Why the elements are important. The elements of fiction: Which elements are important? The elements working together. Setting and Mood: Edgar Allan Poe, The Masque of the Red Death. Character and Psychology: Sean O'Faolain, Falling Rocks, Narrowing Road, Cul-de-Sac, Stop. Style and Theme. John Cheever, The Swimmer. Plot and Structure. Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall. Point of View: Charles Baxter, Gryphon. Irony and Tone: James Thurber, The Secret Life of Walter Mitty. Seeing the Elements Work Together: Bharati Mukherjee, Jasmine. 5. Interpreting Short Fiction. Beginning with close reading: William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily; Close reading A Rose for Emily; Responses for an interpretation. Freewriting on A Rose for Emily; A sample interpretation ofA Rose for Emily; Further strategies for interpreting A Rose for Emily. An Album of Short Fiction. Isabel Allende, Walimai. Margaret Atwood, Significant Moments in the Life of My Mother. Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson. Ann Beattie, The Cinderella Waltz. Becky Birtha, Johnnieruth. Scott Bradfield, The Dream of the Wolf. Raymond Carver, Night School. Window: Fiction and the Canon. Anton Chekhov, Concerning Love. Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour. Sandra Cisneros, Woman Hollering Creek. Stephen Crane, The Open Boat. Anita Desai, Games at Twilight. Stanley Elkin, A Poetics for Bullies. Window: Fiction and Politics. Richard Ford, Communist. Window: Psychology: Freud and Fiction. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper. Nathaniel Hawthorne, Rappaccini's Daughter.Ernest Hemingway, Hills Like White Elephants. James Joyce, Araby. Counterparts. Jamaica Kinkaid, Lucy. Mary Lavin, Happiness. D. H. Lawrence, The Horse-Dealer's Daughter. Window: Feminist Fiction. Ursula K. Le Guin, Sur: A Summary Report of the Yelcho Expedition to the Antarctic, 1909-10. Doris Lessing, To Room 19. Katherine Mansfield, The Garden Party. Window: Fiction and Culture. Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Eyes of a Blue Dog. Alice Munro, The Moons of Jupiter. Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Window: History and Fiction. Tim O'Brien, Sweetheart of the Song Tra Bong. Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find. William Trevor, The Ballroom of Romance. Alice Walker, Everyday Use: For Your Grandmamma. Fay Weldon, Weekend. Eudora Welty in Depth. Eudora Welty, A Worn Path. Livvie. Lily Daw and the Three Ladies. Research materials: Critical studies; reviews; letters; interviews.III. POETRY. 6. Enjoying Poetry. How poems please us. Our delight in words and sounds. Discussion of a Poem: Lewis Carroll, The Jabberwocky; Edgar Allan Poe, The Bells; Edward Lear; How Pleasant to Know Mr. Lear. Algernon Charles Swinburne, Nephelidia. 7. Elements of Poetry. Language: T.S. Eliot, McCavity the Mystery Cat, from Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats; Elizabeth Sitwell, When Sir Beelzebub; E. E. Cummings, Poem, or Beauty Hurts Mr. Vinal; Bessie Smith, Empty Bed Blues. Imagery: Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro; Carol Rumens, An Easter Garland; Walter McDonald, The Food-Pickers of Saigon; Andrew Hudgins, Gauguin: The Yellow Christ; Henri Coulette, Correspondence. Tone: James Stephens, A Glass of Beer; Judith Rodriguez, Eskimo Occasions; A. E. Housman, Terence, This Is Stupid Stuff; Ben Jonson, On My First Son. Rhythm and Rhymes: Aphra Behn, Song; A. E. Housman, With Rue My Heart Is Laden; E. E. Cummings, Anyone Lived in a Pretty How Town; Peter Meinke, Miss Arbuckle; Stevie Smith, Mother, Among the Dustbins; Howard Nemerov, Because You Asked About the Line Between Prose and Poetry. Metaphor and Figurative Language: William Shakespeare, Sonnet 73; Denise Levertov, Cancion; E. E. Cummings, she being brand new; Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner; Edwin Honig, As a Great Prince; William Wordsworth, London, 1802; Gerald Costanzo, At Irony's Picnic. Symbol: William Blake, The Tyger; Robert Frost, Fences; E. E. Cummings, l(a; Patrick Kavanagh, The Man Behind the Plow; William Carpenter, Fire. Form: Sir Philip Sydney, With How Sad Steps, Oh Moon, Thou Climb'st the Skies! Shakespeare, Sonnet 29: When in Disgrace with Fortune and Men's Eyes; John Donne, Holy Sonnet 10: Death be not proud; John Milton, On the Late Massacre in Piedmont; Peter Meinke, The Poet, Trying to Surprise God; Anne Stevenson, The Fiction-Makers; Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night. Ideas: Robert Herrick, To the Virgins to Make Much of Time; Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach; Anne Sexton, All My Pretty Ones; Derek Walcott, A Far Cry from Africa, Ishmael Reed, Beware: Do Not Read This Poem. The Elements Working Together: Patricia Goedicke, Wise Owl; John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn; Gerard Manley Hopkins; God's Grandeur; Edward Hirsch, Fast Break. 8. Interpreting Poetry. Beginning with close reading: John Masefield Cargoes; W. S. Merwin: Fly. Questions for close reading Fly. A cultural interpretation of Fly. A reader response interpretation ofFly. Responses for an interpretation of Robert Frost's Birches. Robert Frost: Birches. Notes toward a close reading of Birches. The elements in Birches. Freewriting on Birches. A sample interpretation of Robert Frost's Birches. Further strategies for interpreting Birches. A feminist approach; A formalist approach; A political-economic approach; A reader response approach.An Album of Poems. Diane Ackerman, Patrick Ewing Takes a Foul Shot. On Looking into Sylvia Plath's Copy of Goethe. Letter to Wallace Stevens. Anne Donne to Her Husband. Bella Akhmadulina, Volcanoes. Anna Akhmatova, Lot's Wife. Agha Shalid Ali, Homage to Faiz Ahmed Faiz. Window: Background: Chicano Poetry. Alurista, Fire and Earth. With. Who are We?...Somos Aztlan. Urban Prison. Maya Angelou, These Yet to be United States. Anonymous, Sumer is i-cumen in. W. H. Auden, Musee de Beaux Arts. In Memory of W. B. Yeats. Imamu Amiri Baraka, In Memory of Radio. Grace Bauer, Eve Recollecting the Garden. Ray A. Young Bear, The Way the Bird Sat. Patricia Beer, Jane Austen at the Window. Marvin Bell, Icarus Thought. Laughter Without Miracles. Elizabeth Bishop, Poem. Seascape. The Fish. William Blake, from Songs of Innocence. Introduction. The Chimney Sweeper. The Little Boy Lost. The Little Boy Found. A Cradle Song. Holy Thursday. Nurse's Song. William Blake, from Songs of Experience. The Clod & the Pebble. The Chimney Sweeper. The Garden of Love. London. Peter Blue Cloud, Wolf. Louise Bogan, Medusa. Women. Arna Bontemps, A Black Man Talks of Reaping. Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband. The Author to Her Book. Gwendolyn Brooks, The Mother. We Real Cool. Elizabeth Barrett Browning, To George Sand: A Desire. To George Sand: A Recognition. Robert Browning, My Last Duchess. Christopher Buckley, Serenade in Blue. Jose Antonio Burciaga, Berta Crocker's Bicentennial Recipe. World Premiere. Kathryn Stripling Byer, Chestnut Flat Mine. Juanita Casey, Pegasus. Marilyn Chin, How I got That Name. Amy Clampitt, Beach Glass. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan. John Cotton, Report Back. Robert Creeley, Ballad of the Despairing Husband. Countee Cullen,Heritage. E. E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill's Defunct. my sweet old etcetera. Philip Dacey, Jack, Afterwards. Jill, Afterwards. Window: Poems in Translation: African Poets. Bernard Dadie, In Memoriam, from Africa Arise! I Thank You, Lord, for Having Made Me Black. Carl Dennis, Oedipus the King. James Dickey, On the Hill Below the Lighthouse. Window: Biography and Poetry: Emily Dickinson. Emily Dickinson, Success is Counted Sweetest. I Taste a Liquor Never Brewed. I Felt a Funeral in My Brain. Tell the Truth, But Tell It Slant. After Great Pain, a Formal Feeling Comes. A Narrow Fellow in the Grass. Because I Could Not Stop for Death. I Heard a Fly Buzz When I Died. Sheila Dietz, Baby in the Basket. Not Remembering More. Birago Diop, Viaticum. Thomas M. Disch, The Rapist's Villanelle. John Donne, The Flea. A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning. Holy sonnet 14: Batter My Heart Three-Personed God. Window: Poetic School: Imagists. H. D. (Hilda Doolittle), Heat. Helen. Rita Dove, Used. James Doyle, The Village. Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Before You Came. T. S. Eliot, Lines for Cuscuscaraway and Mirza Murad Ali Beg. T. S. Eliot, The Waste Land. The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. The Hollow Men. Anne Finch, A Letter to Daphnis, April 2, 1685. Carolyn Forche, The Colonel. Commentary on Frost's Career. Home Burial. After Apple-Picking. The Road Not Taken. The Oven Bird. Out, Out-. Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening. Acquainted with the Night. West-Running Brook. Neither Out Far Nor In Deep. Provide, Provide. Auspex. Margaret Gibson, Out in the Open. Unborn Child Elegy. Allen Ginsberg, Howl. Louise Gluck, Brown Circle. Palais des Arts. The Mirror. Brooding Likeness. Matins. Vespers. Lorna Goodison, My Last Poem. Jamaica 1980. My Last Poem (Again). George Gordon, Lord Byron, Song (Maid of Athens ere we part). She Walks in Beauty. Jorie Graham, The Hiding Place. History.Thomas Gray, Elegy in a Country Churchyard. Linda Gregg, Whole and Without Blessing. Marilyn Hacker, Elektra on Third Avenue. Le Manuscrit. Did you love well what very soon you left? Sonnet Ending with a Film Subtitle. Joy Harjo, Santa Fe. Crossing Water. Nine Lives. Michael Harper, Last Affair: Bessie's Blues Song. Window: The Long Poem. Robert Hayden, Middle Passage. Seamus Heaney, Digging. The Grauballe Man. Punishment. The Tolland Man. George Herbert, The Altar. Easter Wings. Geoffrey Hill, September Song. Christine Holbo,Gomorrah. Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Windhover. Pied Beauty. Langston Hughes, Harlem. The Negro Speaks of Rivers. The Weary Blues. Madam and the Rent Man. Ballad of the Landlord. Theme for English B. Ted Hughes, Skylarks. Pike. Examination at the Womb Door. Crow's First Lesson. Linda Hull, Midnight Reports. T. R. Hummer, The Rural Carrier Discovers That Love Is Everywhere. The Rural Carrier Stops to Kill a Nine-Foot Cottonmouth. Richard Jackson, Benediction. Elizabeth Jennings, Fragment for the Dark. The Child's Story. Wonder. June Jordan, Letter to the Local Police. A Right-to-Lifer in Grand Forks, North Dakota. Jenny Joseph, Warning. Donald Justice, A Map of Love. Window: Romantic Poetry. John Keats, Ode to a Nightingale. La Belle Dame Sans Merci. When I Have Fears that I May Cease to Be. On First Looking Into Chapman's Homer. The Eve of St. Agnes. Brigit Pegeen Kelly, Young Wife's Lament. Dolores Kendrick, Leah: in Freedom. Galway Kinnell, When One Has Lived a Long Time Alone. Rachel Korn, Keep Hidden from Me. Mazisi Kunene, From the Ravage of Life We Create. Place of Dreams. The Political Prisoner. Philip Larkin, Faith Healing. Church Going. Denise Levertov, O Taste and See. Matins. Jan Heller Levi, Sex Is Not Important. Amy Lowell, Venus Transiens. Robert Lowell, Skunk Hour. Robert Frost. Wing Tek Lum, At a Chinaman's Grave. Minority Poem. Mekeel McBride, If I'd Been Born in Tennessee. J. D. McClatchy, The Window. Walter McDonald, Father's Straight Razor. Window: Poetic School: The Harlem Renaissance. Claude McKay, The Harlem Dancer. Naomi Long Madgett, Midway. The Race Question. Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love. Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress. W. S. Merwin, For a Coming Extinction. John Milton, How soon hath Time, the subtle thief of youth. When I consider how my light is spent. Methought I saw my late espoused Saint. Cheng Min, Student. N. Scott Momaday: Comparatives. Marianne Moore: Poetry. Larry Neal, Ghost Poem #1. Sharon Olds, The Death of Marilyn Monroe. Things That Are Worse than Death. The One Girl at the Boys Party. Mary Oliver, Marengo. Some Questions You Might Ask. The Summer Day. Simon Ortiz, Juanita, Wife of Manuelito. Wilfred Owen, Dulce Et Decorum Est. Arms and the Boy. Spring Offensive. Dorothy Parker, General Review of the Sex. Incurable. Men. Now At Liberty. Observation. Symptom Recital. Marge Piercy, Secretary Chant. Donald Platt, Aria for this Listening Area. Katha Pollitt, The Old Neighbors. In Memory. Alexander Pope, Ode on Solitude. Ezra Pound, Ancient Music [Winter is icummen in]. The Return. The River-Merchant's Wife, A letter. Window: Parody: Poems Responding to Poems. Sir Walter Raleigh, The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd. Henry Reed, Naming of Parts. Carter Revard, What the Eagle Fan Says. Window: Poetry and Feminism. Adrienne Rich, Trying to Talk with a Man. Diving Into the Wreck. Song (You're wondering if I'm lonely). Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law. Edward Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory. Theodore Roethke, Elegy for Jane. My Papa's Waltz. Dolor. Christina Rossetti, Song. Remember. Echo. In an Artist's Studio. Muriel Rukeyser, From Letter to the Front (To be a Jew in the Twentieth Century). Myth. Leopold Senghor, Night of Sine. Anne Sexton, Her Kind. Ringing the Bells. For My Lover Returning to His Wife. Red Riding Hood. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Window: Poetry and the Canon. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18: Shall I compare thee to a summer's day. Sonnet 30: When to the sessions of sweet silent thought. Sonnet 106: When in the chronicle of wasted time. Sonnet 116: Let me not to the marriage of true minds. Sonnet 129: Th'expense of spirit in a waste of shame. Sonnet 135: Whoever hath her wish, thou hast thy Will. Sonnet 144: Two loves I have of comfort and despair. Leslie Marmon Silko, Four Mountain Wolves. Louis Simpson, New Lines for Cuscuscaraway and Mirza Murad Ali Beg. Fily-Dabo Sissoko, Brush Fire. Dave Smith, On a Field Trip at Fredericksburg. Stevie Smith, The Galloping Cat. Scorpion. Away, Melancholy. Gary Snyder, Riprap. Cathy Song, The Youngest Daughter. Marcia Southwick, Owning a Dead Man. Dusk. Maura Stanton, Childhood. Biography. George Starbuck, On First Looking in on Blodgett's Keats's Chapman's Homer. Window: Modernism and Its Practitioners. Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice Cream. Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird. The Idea of Order at Key West. Anne Stevenson, Cain. By the Boat House, Oxford. Mark Strand, Where Are the Waters of Childhood? Jonathan Swift, The Progress of Beauty. Alfred Lord Tennyson, Ulysses. Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill. Poem in October. David Wagoner, The Shooting of John Dillinger Outside the Biograph Theater, July 22, 1934. Diane Wakoski, Sestina to the Common Glass of Beer: I Do Not Drink Beer. Marilyn Nelson Waniek, Emily Dickinson's Defunct. Belle Waring, What Hurts. Children Must Have Manners. Candace Warne, Blackbird Sestina. John Weiners, The Eagle Bar. Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself. William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow. The Dance Russe. Terence Winch, The Meanest Gang in the Bronx. Six Families of Puerto Ricans. William Wordsworth, The World Is Too Much With Us. Lines Composed Above Tintern Abbey. James Wright, At the Executed Murderer's Grave. Window: Background: Yeats and Byzantium. William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium. Byzantium. The Lake Isle of Innisfree. Among School Children. Ray A. Young Bear, The Way the Bird Sat. Bernice Zamora, Pueblo, 1950. Restless Serpents. Sylvia Plath in Depth. Sylvia Plath. Commentary on Plath's career. Daddy. Ariel. Elm. Metaphors. Mirror. Morning Song. Tulips. The Colossus. The Moon and the Yew Tree. Lady Lazarus. Paralytic. Mary's Song. Research Materials: A Comparison. From Her Journal: On Suicide. From Letters to Her Mother: On the Mademoiselle Prize. Critical studies; biographical background; letters.IV. DRAMA. 9. Enjoying Drama. The community of the theater. Our impulse to respond. Drama and our common humanity. Tragedy: The emotions of pity and terror; Suspense; Recognition, reversal, surprise; John Millington Synge, Riders to the Sea. Comedy: Laughter and relief; Mistaken identities;Blocking characters; Comedies of manners. Woody Allen, Death Knocks. Tragicomedy. The emotion of complex reaction. Athol Fugard, Master Harold...And the Boys. 10. Elements of Drama. Plot. Characterization. Setting. Dialogue. Stage directions. Theme. Style: Realism; Expressionism; Marcia Norman, Getting Out. 11. Interpreting Drama. Reading drama and seeing drama: Where we see drama; How we read drama: The theatre of the imagination. Close reading: Audience response; Action, character, ideas; Questions for close reading. Critical discussion: The aims of dramatic criticism; Strategies of interpretation. Prewriting: developing insights. Developing a critical strategy. Susan Glaspell, Suppressed Desires. Details in Suppressed Desires. Outlining the essay. Sample essay on Suppressed Desires. Further strategies for interpreting Suppressed Desires. An Album of Plays. Window: History of Drama. Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard. John Guare, Six Degrees of Separation. Tina Howe, Teeth. Window: Feminist Drama. David Mamet, Oleanna . Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman. Window: Politics, Ethnicity, and Drama. Manuel Puig, The Kiss of the Spider Woman. Window: Freud, Oedipus, and Drama. William Shakespeare. Hamlet. Sophocles, Oedipus Rex. Strindberg, Miss Julie. Window: Psychological Realism. Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie. Paula Vogel, The Baltimore Walz . Window: Types, Stereotypes, and Archetypes. August Wilson, Fences. Henrik Ibsen in Depth. Playwright in Depth. Why read a playwright in depth: The sense of a canon; The development of thought. Hedda Gabler. A Doll's House. Research materials: Critical studies; background.
Responsibility: Lee A. Jacobus.


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