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Environmental Health Law : An Introduction.

Author: Russelyn S Carruth; Bernard D Goldstein
Publisher: New York, NY John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2013. ©2014.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Summary:
This important resource offers a comprehensive overview of the major U.S. environmental laws and approaches, strategies, standards, and enforcement techniques by which American law protects our environment and our health. Written for the non-lawyer, the book puts the spotlight on general concepts that go a long way to demystify the American legal system (what law consists of, who makes it, how it is made, and how it  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version
Carruth, Russelyn S.
Environmental Health Law : An Introduction
New York, NY : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2013
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Russelyn S Carruth; Bernard D Goldstein
ISBN: 9781118419441 1118419448
OCLC Number: 1058564715
Description: 1 online resource (380 pages)
Contents: Cover --
Title Page --
Copyright --
Contents --
List of Text Boxes, Figures, and Tables --
Preface --
The Authors --
Chapter 1 Overview of the US Legal System --
The Structure of American Government --
Separation of Powers: Federal and State --
Separation of Powers: Branches of Government --
Who Takes Care of Health and the Environment? --
Sources of American Law --
Constitutions --
Legislation --
Executive Lawmaking --
Judge-Made Law --
Chapter 2 Transparency and Accountability in the Executive Branch: Judicial Review and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) --
Judicial Review --
Review of Agency Regulations --
The Requirement of Finality --
Standard of Review --
Judicial Deference --
Remedies --
Judicial Review of Agency Inaction --
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) --
NEPA Doesn't Compel a Specific Action --
When Is an EIS Required? --
EIS Process --
Judicial Review --
Does NEPA Do Any Good? --
Chapter 3 Clean Air Act (CAA) --
Background --
Introduction to the Clean Air Act --
National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) --
Criteria Pollutants --
Ambient Air Standards --
Regulating Emissions --
Defining New Sources --
New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) --
New Source Review (NSR) --
Nonattainment New Source Review --
Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Program --
State Attainment Plan --
Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) --
Identifying Hazardous Air Pollutants --
Regulation of Hazardous Air Pollutants --
Enforcement --
Civil Actions --
Administrative Enforcement --
Criminal Actions --
Rewards --
Mobile Source Controls --
New Vehicle Controls --
Inspection and Maintenance of In-Use Vehicles --
Controls on Fuels --
Acid Rain Program --
Target Sources --
Reducing Stationary Source Emissions of SO2 and NOx --
Cross-Border Air Pollution --
Greenhouse Gases --
Endangerment Finding --
EPA Action. Chapter 4 Clean Water Act (CWA) --
Scope and Basics --
Legislative Goal --
The Discharge Prohibition --
Major Programs --
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) --
Some Definitions --
Permit Requirement --
Technology-Based Effluent Standards --
The Process of Promulgating Technology-Based Standards --
Types of Dischargers --
Types of Pollutants --
Technology-Based Standards --
Beyond Technology-Based Standards: Water Quality Safety Net --
Water Quality Standards --
Impaired Waters --
Enforcement --
Actions and Penalties --
Enforcement Strategy --
Pretreatment Program for Indirect Dischargers --
Pretreatment Requirements --
Implementation and Enforcement of Pretreatment Program --
Discharges of Fill and Dredged Materials --
Wetlands --
The Permitting Process --
Penalties for Violations --
But That's My Private Property! --
Chapter 5 Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) --
Who Is Regulated: Public Water Systems --
What Is a Public Water System (PWS)? --
Regulatory Approach --
What Contaminants Are Regulated? --
Regulatory Criteria --
Contaminant List --
Updating the Contaminant List --
National Drinking Water Regulations --
Primary Standards --
Secondary Standards --
Process for Setting Standards --
Keeping Consumers Informed --
A Closer Look at Public Water Systems --
Classification by Size --
Classification by Who Drinks the Water and How Often --
A Few More Interesting Statistics --
Source Water --
Where Does the Water Come From? --
Protection of Source Water --
Enforcement --
Enforcement Actions --
Emergency Enforcement Actions --
Chapter 6 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or S̀̀uperfund Act'') --
Overview and Definitions --
What's a Hazardous Substance? --
What's a Release? --
Reporting Releases of Hazardous Substances --
Mandatory Reporting by Facility --
Discovery by Others. Responding to a Release of Hazardous Substances --
Assessment and Ranking --
Response Actions: Removal or Remediation --
What Response Measures Are Available? --
Developing a Response Plan: The Nine Criteria --
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry --
Evaluating Sites and Hazardous Substances --
Community Outreach --
The Superfund --
What Is the Superfund? --
What Can the Superfund Be Used For? --
Where Does the Superfund's Money Come From? --
Liability --
Liability for What? --
Potentially Responsible Parties --
Liability Is Broad --
What If a Potentially Responsible Party Pays More Than Its Fair Share? --
Orphan Share --
Brownfields --
Chapter 7 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) --
What Is a Hazardous Waste? --
What Is a Solid Waste? --
What Makes a Solid Waste "Hazardous"? --
Loopholes and Exceptions --
Cradle-to-Grave Regulation --
Generators --
The Tracking System --
Transporters --
TSD Facilities --
Waste Minimization --
Enforcement --
Underground Storage Tanks --
Definitions --
Regulatory Requirements --
Chapter 8 Oil Pollution Act (OPA) --
Overview --
Scope --
Implementation --
Key Definitions --
Spill Prevention --
Spill Response --
Notification --
Equipment --
Personnel --
Lines of Authority --
Planning --
Responder Immunity --
Liability and Penalties --
Strict Liability --
What the Responsible Party Is Liable For --
Joint and Several Liability --
Limitations on Liability --
Penalties --
Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund --
Uses of the Fund --
Where the Money Comes From --
Chapter 9 Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) --
Overview --
Purpose --
Substances Regulated --
Implementation --
Emergency Planning Provisions --
State and Local Government Planning Responsibilities --
State Emergency Response Commission --
Local Emergency Planning Committee --
Local Emergency Plan. Data Reporting --
Toxic Release Inventory --
Release Reporting Requirements --
Chapter 10 Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) --
Background --
Purpose of the Act --
Structure and Implementation --
Scope of the Act --
Regulatory Approach --
What Are Employers' Duties? --
Duty to Comply with Specific Standards --
General Duty to Provide a Safe Workplace --
Health Standards --
Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL) --
Monitoring and Other Requirements --
Setting Health Standards: Consensus, Permanent, Emergency Temporary --
Consensus Standards --
Permanent Standards --
Emergency Temporary Standards --
Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) --
Introduction --
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) --
Labels and Placards --
Training of Workers --
Employer's Written Hazard Communication Program --
Records and Reporting --
Workplace Injuries --
Where Hazardous Substances Are Involved --
Monitoring and Enforcement --
Chapter 11 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) --
Scope and Implementation --
Who Is Regulated? --
What Chemicals Are Regulated? --
TSCA Inventory --
New Chemicals --
New Chemicals Program --
Premanufacture Notice --
Testing Triggers --
Test Rule --
Regulation --
Existing Chemicals --
Significant New Use --
What Is a Significant New Use? --
Significant New Use Rule --
Chapter 12 Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) --
Background --
Definitions --
Pesticide Registration Program --
Criteria for Registration --
Labeling --
Manufacturer's Burden of Proof --
Balancing of Risks and Benefits --
Removing Pesticides from the Market --
Cancellation of Registration --
Suspension of Registration --
Compensation for Cancellation --
Regulation of Pesticide Use --
Restrictions on Allowable Use --
Restrictions on Who Can Use --
Legally Binding --
Nearly Exclusive Federal Control --
Limited State Role --
No Citizen Suits --
Tort Lawsuits. Chapter 13 Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) --
Purpose and Programs --
Implementation --
Foods --
What Is Food? --
Adulterated Foods --
Labeling and Misbranding --
Food Safety Modernization Act --
Drugs and Medical Devices --
What Are Drugs? --
Pre-approval of New Drugs --
Misbranding of Drugs --
Adulterated Drugs --
Dietary Supplements --
What Is Regulated --
Requirements for New Products --
Misbranding --
Adulterated Dietary Supplements --
Incident Reports --
Tobacco --
Basics --
Product Standards --
Health Warning --
Reduced Risk Claims --
Restrictions on Sales --
Restrictions on Marketing --
Disclosure, Administrative, and Other Requirements --
Limits on FDA Authority --
Chapter 14 Common Law: Toxic Torts --
Tort Law: An Overview --
What Is a Tort? --
Purposes of the Tort System --
Burden of Proof --
Remedies --
Contributory Negligence: What If the Plaintiff Is Partly at Fault? --
Joint and Several Liability: What If There Are Multiple Defendants? --
What If the Injury Occurred on the Job? --
Sovereign Immunity: Can You Sue the Government? --
Toxic Torts --
Causes of Action --
Negligence --
Strict Liability for Abnormally Dangerous Activities --
Public Nuisance --
Liability for Defective Product --
Trespass and Nuisance --
Causation Problems in Toxic Tort Litigation --
General Causation versus Specific Causation --
Complicating Factors --
Scientific Evidence --
Toxicology --
Epidemiology --
Scientific Evidence in the Courtroom --
The Debate --
The Daubert Decision --
Help from Nonpartisan Experts --
Mass Litigation --
Pushing the Envelope --
Glossary --
Acronyms --
Resources and Additional Reading --
Index.

Abstract:

This important resource offers a comprehensive overview of the major U.S. environmental laws and approaches, strategies, standards, and enforcement techniques by which American law protects our  Read more...

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