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Evolutionary Psychology : The New Science of the Mind.

著者: David Buss
出版社: London : Taylor and Francis, 2014. ©2015.
エディション/フォーマット:   電子書籍 : Document : English : 5th edすべてのエディションとフォーマットを見る
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ジャンル/形式: Electronic books
Textbooks
その他のフォーマット: Print version
Buss, David
Evolutionary Psychology : The New Science of the Mind
London : Taylor and Francis,c2014
資料の種類: Document, インターネット資料
ドキュメントの種類 インターネット資料, 電子ファイル
すべての著者/寄与者: David Buss
ISBN: 9781315663319 1315663317
OCLC No.: 1059017929
メモ: 3 simultaneous users.
Critical Thinking Questions.
物理形態: 1 online resource (497 pages)
コンテンツ: Cover --
Title Page --
Copyright Page --
Dedication --
Table of Contents --
Preface --
Acknowledgments --
Part 1: Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology --
1. The Scientific Movements Leading to Evolutionary Psychology --
Landmarks in the History of Evolutionary Thinking --
Evolution before Darwin --
Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection --
Darwin's Theory of Sexual Selection --
The Role of Natural Selection and Sexual Selection in Evolutionary Theory --
The Modern Synthesis: Genes and Particulate Inheritance --
The Ethology Movement --
The Inclusive Fitness Revolution --
Clarifying Adaptation and Natural Selection --
Trivers's Seminal Theories --
The Sociobiology Controversy --
Common Misunderstandings about Evolutionary Theory --
Misunderstanding 1: Human Behavior Is Genetically Determined --
Misunderstanding 2: If It's Evolutionary, We Cannot Change It --
Misunderstanding 3: Current Mechanisms Are Optimally Designed --
Milestones in the Origins of Modern Humans --
Landmarks in the Field of Psychology --
Box 1.1: Out of Africa versus Multiregional Origins: The Origins of Modern Humans --
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory --
William James and the Psychology of Instincts --
The Rise of Behaviorism --
The Astonishing Discoveries of Cultural Variability --
The Garcia Effect, Prepared Fears, and the Decline of Radical Behaviorism --
Peering into the Black Box: The Cognitive Revolution --
Summary --
Critical Thinking Questions --
Suggested Readings --
2. The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology --
The Origins of Human Nature --
Three Theories of the Origins of Complex Adaptive Mechanisms --
The Three Products of Evolution --
Levels of Evolutionary Analysis in Evolutionary Psychology --
The Core of Human Nature: Fundamentals of Evolved Psychological Mechanisms --
All Species Have a Nature --
Definition of an Evolved Psychological Mechanism. Important Properties of Evolved Psychological Mechanisms --
Learning, Culture, and Evolved Psychological Mechanisms --
Methods for Testing Evolutionary Hypotheses --
Comparing Different Species --
Cross-Cultural Methods --
Physiological and Brain Imaging Methods --
Genetic Methods --
Comparing Males and Females --
Comparing Individuals within a Species --
Comparing the Same Individuals in Different Contexts --
Experimental Methods --
Sources of Data for Testing Evolutionary Hypotheses --
Archeological Records --
Data from Hunter-Gatherer Societies --
Observations --
Self-Reports --
Life-History Data and Public Records --
Human Products --
Transcending the Limitations of Single Data Sources --
Identifying Adaptive Problems --
Guidance from Modern Evolutionary Theory --
Guidance from Knowledge of Universal Human Structures --
Guidance from Traditional Societies --
Guidance from Paleoarcheology and Paleoanthropology --
Guidance from Current Mechanisms --
Guidance from Task Analysis --
Organization of Adaptive Problems --
Summary --
Critical Thinking Questions --
Suggested Readings --
Part 2: Problems of Survival --
3. Combating the Hostile Forces of Nature --
Food Acquisition and Selection --
Social and Cultural Aspects of Food --
Food Preferences --
Disgust: The Disease-Avoidance Hypothesis --
Sickness in Pregnant Women: The Embryo Protection Hypothesis --
Fire and Cooking --
Why Humans Like Spices: The Antimicrobial Hypothesis --
Why Humans Like to Drink Alcohol: An Evolutionary Hangover? --
The Hunting Hypothesis --
The Gathering Hypothesis --
Comparing the Hunting and Gathering Hypotheses --
Adaptations to Gathering and Hunting: Sex Differences in Specific Spatial Abilities --
Finding a Place to Live: Shelter and Landscape Preferences --
The Savanna Hypothesis. Combating Predators and Other Environmental Dangers: Fears, Phobias, Anxieties, and Adaptive Biases --
Most Common Human Fears --
Children's Antipredator Adaptations --
Box 3.1: Evolved Navigation Theory and the Descent Illusion --
Darwinian Medicine: Combating Disease --
Why Do People Die? --
The Theory of Senescence --
The Puzzle of Suicide --
Homicide --
Summary --
Critical Thinking Questions --
Suggested Readings --
Part 3: Challenges of Sex and Mating --
4. Women's Long-Term Mating Strategies --
Theoretical Background for the Evolution of Mate Preferences --
Parental Investment and Sexual Selection --
Mate Preferences as Evolved Psychological Mechanisms --
The Content of Women's Mate Preferences --
Preference for Economic Resources --
Preference for Good Financial Prospects --
Preference for High Social Status --
Preference for Somewhat Older Men --
Preference for Ambition and Industriousness --
Preference for Dependability and Stability --
Preference for Height and Athletic Prowess --
Preference for Good Health: Symmetry and Masculinity --
Love and Commitment --
Preference for Willingness to Invest in Children --
Preference for Similarity --
Additional Mate Preferences: Kindness, Humor, Incest Avoidance, and Voice --
Context Effects on Women's Mate Preferences --
Effects of Women's Personal Resources on Mate Preferences --
The Mere Presence of Attractive Others: Mate Copying --
Effects of Temporal Context on Women's Mate Preferences --
Effects of Women's Mate Value on Mate Preferences --
How Women's Mate Preferences Affect Actual Mating Behavior --
Women's Responses to Men's Personal Ads --
Women's Marriages to Men High in Occupational Status --
Women's Marriages to Men Who Are Older --
Effects of Women's Preferences on Men's Behavior --
Summary --
Box 4.1: What about Lesbian Sexual Orientation? --
Critical Thinking Questions. Suggested Readings --
5. Men's Long-Term Mating Strategies --
Theoretical Background for the Evolution of Men's Mate Preferences --
Why Men Might Benefit from Commitment and Marriage --
The Problem of Assessing a Woman's Fertility or Reproductive Value --
The Content of Men's Mate Preferences --
Preference for Youth --
Evolved Standards of Physical Beauty --
Body Fat, Waist-to-Hip Ratio, and Body Mass Index --
Sex Differences in the Importance of Physical Appearance --
Do Men Have a Preference for Ovulating Women? --
Solutions to the Problem of Paternity Uncertainty --
Box 5.1: Homosexual Orientation: An Evolutionary Puzzle --
Context Effects on Men's Mating Behavior --
Men in Positions of Power --
Contrast Effects from Viewing Attractive Models --
Testosterone and Men's Mating Strategies --
The Necessities and Luxuries of Mate Preferences --
Effect of Men's Preferences on Actual Mating Behavior --
Men's Responses to Women's Personal Ads --
Marital Decisions and Reproductive Outcomes --
Effect of Men's Preferences on Attention, Vocalization, Tips, and Engagement Rings --
Effect of Men's Mate Preferences on Women's Competition Tactics --
Summary --
Critical Thinking Questions --
Suggested Readings --
6. Short-Term Sexual Strategies --
Theories of Men's Short-Term Mating --
Adaptive Benefits for Men of Short-Term Mating --
Potential Costs of Short-Term Mating for Men --
Adaptive Problems Men Must Solve When Pursuing Short-Term Mating --
Box 6.1: Functions versus Beneficial Effects of Short-Term Mating --
Evidence for an Evolved Short-Term Mating Psychology --
Physiological Evidence for Short-Term Mating --
Psychological Evidence for Short-Term Mating --
Behavioral Evidence of Short-Term Mating --
Women's Short-Term Mating --
Evidence for Women's Short-Term Mating --
Hypotheses about the Adaptive Benefits to Women of Short-Term Mating. Costs to Women of Short-Term Mating --
Empirical Tests of Hypothesized Benefits to Women --
Context Effects on Short-Term Mating --
Individual Differences in Short-Term Mating --
Other Contexts Likely to Affect Short-Term Mating --
Summary --
Critical Thinking Questions --
Suggested Readings --
Part 4: Challenges of Parenting and Kinship --
7. Problems of Parenting --
Why Do Mothers Provide More Parental Care Than Fathers? --
The Paternity Uncertainty Hypothesis --
The Mating Opportunity Cost Hypothesis --
An Evolutionary Perspective on Parental Care --
Genetic Relatedness to Offspring --
Offspring's Ability to Convert Parental Care into Reproductive Success --
Alternative Uses of Resources Available for Investment in Children --
The Theory of Parent-Offspring Conflict --
Mother-Offspring Conflict in Utero --
Mother-Child Conflict and Sibling Relatedness --
Parent-Offspring Conflict over Mating --
Box 7.1: Killing Parents and the Asymmetry of Valuing Parents and Children --
Summary --
Critical Thinking Questions --
Suggested Readings --
8. Problems of Kinship --
Theory and Implications of Inclusive Fitness --
Hamilton's Rule --
Theoretical Implications of Hamilton's Rule --
Empirical Findings that Support the Implications of Inclusive Fitness Theory --
Alarm Calling in Ground Squirrels --
Kin Recognition and Kin Classifications in Humans --
Patterns of Helping in the Lives of Los Angeles Women --
Life-or-Death Helping among Humans --
Genetic Relatedness and Emotional Closeness: Is Blood Thicker Than Water? --
Vigilance over Kin's Romantic Relationships --
Kinship and Stress --
Kinship and Survival --
Patterns of Inheritance-Who Leaves Wealth to Whom? --
Investment by Grandparents --
Box 8.1: Investment by Aunts, Uncles, and Cousins --
A Broader Perspective on the Evolution of the Family --
The Dark Side of Families --
Summary.

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