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Ewart Guinier papers, 1910-1989.

Author: Ewart GuinierHenry RosovskyOrlando PattersonJames TurnerRonald W WaltersAll authors
Edition/Format:   Archival material : English
Summary:
The Ewart Guinier Papers document Guinier's professional and political career as a labor leader and community organizer from 1938 to 1962, and his role in the founding and development of Harvard University's African American Studies Department (AASD) from 1969 to 1975.
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Named Person: Ewart Guinier; Martin Kilson; Ewart Guinier; Martin Kilson
Document Type: Archival Material
All Authors / Contributors: Ewart Guinier; Henry Rosovsky; Orlando Patterson; James Turner; Ronald W Walters; Sterling Stuckey; Shirley Graham Du Bois; John T Dunlop; Franklin L Ford; Walter J Leonard; Derek Curtis Bok; William Waring Cuney; Harvard University. Afro-American Studies Department.
OCLC Number: 122571037
Notes: Photographs and recordings have been transferred to the Photograph and Prints and to the Moving Image and Recorded Sound Divisions.
Description: 23.7 lin. ft. (63 boxes)

Abstract:

The Ewart Guinier Papers document Guinier's professional and political career as a labor leader and community organizer from 1938 to 1962, and his role in the founding and development of Harvard University's African American Studies Department (AASD) from 1969 to 1975.

The Personal papers provide partial documentation on his childhood and migration to the United States, his employment in the Civil Service in New York, his military record, his association with the Urban League, the Urban Center at Columbia University and the Douglass Urban Corporation, his alumni affiliations and his membership in various professional and political organizations, including the Association for the Study of African American Life and History, the Boston Area Black Studies Consortium, the National Association of Black and Ethnic Studies Directors and the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship. The Labor and politics series documents Guinier's career as Secretary-Treasurer of the United Public Workers of America union, his association with the American Labor Party as a candidate for the Manhattan Borough presidency in 1949, and his work in the 1950s and early 1960s with the Harlem Affairs Committee and the Jamaica Coordinating Council. The series consists primarily of correspondence, articles and speeches written by Guinier, minutes and reports of UPW's Executive council. Also included are printed matter files on labor discrimination in the Panama Canal Zone and the 1947 Loyalty Act.

Arranged chronologically, the General correspondence series deals for the most part with the day to day operation of the African American Studies Department and with Guinier's points of contention with Harvard University. Student groups throughout the country frequently wrote to Guinier seeking his assistance in establishing black studies programs at their schools. He also corresponded with other black studies scholars and administrators, including James Turner, John Henrik Clarke, Ronald Walters and Ster ing Stuckey. Harvard correspondents include Harvard President Derek Bok, his special assistant Walter Leonard, and deans John Dunlop, Franklin Ford and Henry Rosovsky. Guinier's early writings dealt with issues of labor and electoral politics. Other articles in the Writings and notes series relate to black studies issues and to the black experience at Harvard. His published and unpublished reviews encompass the work of David Levering Lewis and Nathan Huggins, Boris Bittker's book "The Case for Black Reparations" and the film "Kongi's Harvest." Guinier's speeches give a fuller sense of his thinking and the many controversial issues he confronted as an uncompromising critic of institutional racism within the university, and as an advocate for a black perspective in history. Conference materials in this series include transcriptions and reports for the 1972 Roslyn conference of black studies program directors.

The Harvard series forms the bulk of the collection and is divided into 12 subseries. The first subseries, History of the Department, chronicles the four main periods in the life of the department under Guinier's leadership: formation of the department, the first year of AASD, the Committee to Review AASD and the "First Three Year" report of the department. The DuBois Institute subseries is divided into three categories: early history, the university-wide concept, and general. Early history files document efforts by Guinier and the Standing Committee to Develop AASD to launch the Institute. The remainder of the subseries documents the work of two committees appointed by dean Dunlop and president Bok to develop the Institute on a university-wide basis, and Guinier's own efforts, assisted by AASD faculty and concentrators, to preserve a direct link between the two black entities within Harvard. Files for the Search for tenure are restricted until 2041. The Faculty and Concentrators subseries are divided into restricted and non-restricted materials. The Faculty files consist of biographical and bibliographic statements, writings and correspondence relating to activities or research projects of the department's teaching staff, tutors and fellows. The Concentrators files relate to procedures and requirements for majoring in African American studies and to activities of the African American Studies Concentrators.

Guinier kept a separate file for his recurring clashes with Martin Kilson, an African American professor of Government at Harvard who was particularly hostile to Guinier and the department. The Kilson-Guinier subseries includes articles by Kilson and Guinier published in the New York Times and the New York Amsterdam News, transcript of a television debate between the two, letters to Kilson and Guinier and their replies, articles criticizing Kilson's outlook on education, and student papers and projects inspired by the controversy. Letters and articles by Orlando Patterson, another outspoken critic of the African American Studies Department and its chairman, are located in the Faculty subseries. Materials for Guinier's courses taught at Harvard fall into two categories: mechanics of courses and student papers. His two main courses dealt with Blacks, labor and politics from 1919 to 1945, and with Black efforts at self-determination after 1945. The Faculty of Art and Sciences subseries consists mostly of general and administrative correspondence, agenda and minutes of Faculty Council meetings, and reports, all pertaining directly or indirectly to the African American Studies Department and its interaction with the university administration and the larger Harvard environment.

The Student activities and organizations subseries partially documents activities of the following groups: Harvard-Radcliffe Association of African and African American Students (Afro), the Harvard-Radcliffe African American Cultural Center, the Pan-African Liberation Committee (PALC) and the Student Organization for Black Unity. Student activities in this subseries refer primarily to the 1969 "Painters' Strike" and a 1972 campaign led by PALC and Afro to pressure Gulf Oil to provide better wages for its black employees in Angola. The Black studies in the United States series is divided into three groups: correspondence, a subject file, and a black studies programs subseries. Major categories in the subject file include blacks at Harvard, blacks on white campuses and printed matter. The files for individual black studies programs include conference papers and programs, proposals for new courses and new programs, catalogues of courses, reports, and articles by and about scholars associated with each school. The Vertical file was an important complement to the reading list for Guinier's classes. The bulk of this series is arranged alphabetically, according to subject headings selected by Guinier. The entire series consists of newspaper and magazine articles, conference programs, mimeographed letters and reports, newsletters, factsheets and selected student papers, and represents a valuable source of information on black politics from 1969 to 1975.

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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/122571037<\/a>> # Ewart Guinier papers,<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nlibrary:ArchiveMaterial<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"122571037<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/nyu<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:comment<\/a> \"Unknown \'gen\' value: arc<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008102019<\/a>> ; # Discrimination in employment--Law and legislation--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1243650<\/a>> ; # Panama--Panama Canal.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/harvard_radcliffe_afro_american_cultural_center<\/a>> ; # Harvard-Radcliffe Afro-American Cultural Center.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/125576957<\/a>> ; # Douglass Urban Corporation.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/798899<\/a>> ; # Affirmative action programs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/909111<\/a>> ; # Employees<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/douglass_urban_corporation<\/a>> ; # Douglass Urban Corporation.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/891616<\/a>> ; # Detente<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1432034<\/a>> ; # Community organization<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/862785<\/a>> ; # Civil service--Minority employment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/990319<\/a>> ; # Labor unions and communism<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1003289<\/a>> ; # Loyalty oaths<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1135954<\/a>> ; # Student movements<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/national_association_of_black_and_ethnic_studies_directors<\/a>> ; # National Association of Black and Ethnic Studies Directors.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Place\/panama_canal_panama<\/a>> ; # Panama Canal (Panama)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1161636<\/a>> ; # Universities and colleges--Alumni and alumnae<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799707<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Study and teaching<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh00009929<\/a>> ; # Student movements--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/student_organization_of_black_unity<\/a>> ; # Student Organization of Black Unity.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Person\/kilson_martin<\/a>> ; # Martin Kilson<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/national_council_of_american_soviet_friendship_u_s<\/a>> ; # National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/gulf_oil_corporation<\/a>> ; # Gulf Oil Corporation.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/902556<\/a>> ; # Education--Curricula<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001823<\/a>> ; # African American college students--Political activity<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/w_e_b_du_bois_institute_for_afro_american_research<\/a>> ; # W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/130258598<\/a>> ; # United Public Workers of America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/discrimination_in_employment_panama_panama_canal<\/a>> ; # Discrimination in employment--Panama--Panama Canal<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/labor_unions_united_states_government_employees<\/a>> ; # Labor unions--United States--Government employees<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/125531216<\/a>> ; # W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/labor_movement_united_states<\/a>> ; # Labor movement--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001946<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Education<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/122614488<\/a>> ; # Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1161748<\/a>> ; # Universities and colleges--Faculty<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/united_public_workers_of_america<\/a>> ; # United Public Workers of America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204155<\/a>> ; # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/columbia_university_urban_center<\/a>> ; # Columbia University. Urban Center.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/135266765<\/a>> ; # Pan-African Liberation Committee.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/895060<\/a>> ; # Discrimination in employment--Law and legislation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799344<\/a>> ; # African American scholars<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/990079<\/a>> ; # Labor movement<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1919811<\/a>> ; # Social conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001827<\/a>> ; # African American college teachers--Selection and appointment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/165209491<\/a>> ; # Martin Kilson<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85026391<\/a>> ; # Civil service--Minority employment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/139982277<\/a>> ; # Columbia University. Urban Center.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/127856829<\/a>> ; # Association of African and Afro-American Students at Harvard and Radcliffe.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799107<\/a>> ; # African American college students--Political activity<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/jamaica_coordinating_committee<\/a>> ; # Jamaica Coordinating Committee.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/urban_league_of_greater_new_york<\/a>> ; # Urban League of Greater New York.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799214<\/a>> ; # African American labor union members<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh94002790<\/a>> ; # Loyalty oaths--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/128987800<\/a>> ; # Harvard University<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/895050<\/a>> ; # Discrimination in employment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/local_elections_new_york_state_new_york<\/a>> ; # Local elections--New York (State)--New York<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1007141<\/a>> ; # Management<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Person\/guinier_ewart<\/a>> ; # Ewart Guinier<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/146518912<\/a>> ; # Gulf Oil Corporation.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204333<\/a>> ; # New York (State)--New York.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1001300<\/a>> ; # Local government<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799099<\/a>> ; # African American college administrators<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/harlem_affairs_committee<\/a>> ; # Harlem Affairs Committee.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/870818<\/a>> ; # Community development<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/58620319<\/a>> ; # Ewart Guinier<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/association_for_the_study_of_afro_american_life_and_history<\/a>> ; # Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/african_americans_study_and_teaching_united_states<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Study and teaching--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799113<\/a>> ; # African American college teachers--Selection and appointment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/harvard_university<\/a>> ; # Harvard University.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1001239<\/a>> ; # Local elections<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/136131820<\/a>> ; # Urban League of Greater New York.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/834014<\/a>> ; # Blacks--Study and teaching<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799600<\/a>> ; # African Americans--Education<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/labor_unions_and_communism_united_states<\/a>> ; # Labor unions and communism--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85014692<\/a>> ; # Blacks--Study and teaching<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/134903652<\/a>> ; # National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/association_of_african_and_afro_american_students_at_harvard_and_radcliffe<\/a>> ; # Association of African and Afro-American Students at Harvard and Radcliffe.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/844865<\/a>> ; # Campaign literature<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/32062912<\/a>> ; # Henry Rosovsky<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Person\/turner_james<\/a>> ; # James Turner<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/128987800<\/a>> ; # Harvard University<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/282596976<\/a>> ; # Shirley Graham Du Bois<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/58620319<\/a>> ; # Ewart Guinier<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/70951750<\/a>> ; # William Waring Cuney<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/38834983<\/a>> ; # Walter J. Leonard<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/108661115<\/a>> ; # Derek Curtis Bok<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/49248898<\/a>> ; # Sterling Stuckey<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/33142854<\/a>> ; # Orlando Patterson<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/110028795<\/a>> ; # Ronald W. Walters<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/108658781<\/a>> ; # Franklin Lewis Ford<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/25400537<\/a>> ; # John Thomas Dunlop<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/58620319<\/a>> ; # Ewart Guinier<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"The Ewart Guinier Papers document Guinier\'s professional and political career as a labor leader and community organizer from 1938 to 1962, and his role in the founding and development of Harvard University\'s African American Studies Department (AASD) from 1969 to 1975.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/101597876<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ewart Guinier papers,<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"122571037<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/122571037<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/association_for_the_study_of_afro_american_life_and_history<\/a>> # Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/association_of_african_and_afro_american_students_at_harvard_and_radcliffe<\/a>> # Association of African and Afro-American Students at Harvard and Radcliffe.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Association of African and Afro-American Students at Harvard and Radcliffe.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/columbia_university_urban_center<\/a>> # Columbia University. Urban Center.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Columbia University. Urban Center.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/douglass_urban_corporation<\/a>> # Douglass Urban Corporation.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Douglass Urban Corporation.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/gulf_oil_corporation<\/a>> # Gulf Oil Corporation.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Gulf Oil Corporation.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/harlem_affairs_committee<\/a>> # Harlem Affairs Committee.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Harlem Affairs Committee.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/harvard_radcliffe_afro_american_cultural_center<\/a>> # Harvard-Radcliffe Afro-American Cultural Center.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Harvard-Radcliffe Afro-American Cultural Center.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/harvard_university<\/a>> # Harvard University.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Harvard University.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/jamaica_coordinating_committee<\/a>> # Jamaica Coordinating Committee.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Jamaica Coordinating Committee.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/national_association_of_black_and_ethnic_studies_directors<\/a>> # National Association of Black and Ethnic Studies Directors.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"National Association of Black and Ethnic Studies Directors.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/national_council_of_american_soviet_friendship_u_s<\/a>> # National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/student_organization_of_black_unity<\/a>> # Student Organization of Black Unity.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Student Organization of Black Unity.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/united_public_workers_of_america<\/a>> # United Public Workers of America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United Public Workers of America.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/urban_league_of_greater_new_york<\/a>> # Urban League of Greater New York.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Urban League of Greater New York.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Organization\/w_e_b_du_bois_institute_for_afro_american_research<\/a>> # W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Person\/guinier_ewart<\/a>> # Ewart Guinier<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Guinier<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Ewart<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ewart Guinier<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Person\/kilson_martin<\/a>> # Martin Kilson<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Kilson<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Martin<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Martin Kilson<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Person\/turner_james<\/a>> # James Turner<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Turner<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"James<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"James Turner<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Place\/panama_canal_panama<\/a>> # Panama Canal (Panama)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Panama Canal (Panama)<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/african_americans_study_and_teaching_united_states<\/a>> # African Americans--Study and teaching--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001992<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Study and teaching--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/discrimination_in_employment_panama_panama_canal<\/a>> # Discrimination in employment--Panama--Panama Canal<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85038388<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Discrimination in employment--Panama--Panama Canal<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/labor_movement_united_states<\/a>> # Labor movement--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh89000876<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Labor movement--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/labor_unions_and_communism_united_states<\/a>> # Labor unions and communism--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85136731<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Labor unions and communism--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/labor_unions_united_states_government_employees<\/a>> # Labor unions--United States--Government employees<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85136726<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Labor unions--United States--Government employees<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/101597876#Topic\/local_elections_new_york_state_new_york<\/a>> # Local elections--New York (State)--New York<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85077914<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Local elections--New York (State)--New York<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh00009929<\/a>> # Student movements--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Student movements--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008102019<\/a>> # Discrimination in employment--Law and legislation--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Discrimination in employment--Law and legislation--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001823<\/a>> # African American college students--Political activity<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American college students--Political activity<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001827<\/a>> # African American college teachers--Selection and appointment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American college teachers--Selection and appointment<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85001946<\/a>> # African Americans--Education<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Education<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85014692<\/a>> # Blacks--Study and teaching<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Blacks--Study and teaching<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85026391<\/a>> # Civil service--Minority employment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Civil service--Minority employment<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh94002790<\/a>> # Loyalty oaths--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Loyalty oaths--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/nyu<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"nyu<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1001239<\/a>> # Local elections<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Local elections<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1001300<\/a>> # Local government<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Local government<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1003289<\/a>> # Loyalty oaths<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Loyalty oaths<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1007141<\/a>> # Management<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Management<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1135954<\/a>> # Student movements<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Student movements<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1161636<\/a>> # Universities and colleges--Alumni and alumnae<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Universities and colleges--Alumni and alumnae<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1161748<\/a>> # Universities and colleges--Faculty<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Universities and colleges--Faculty<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204155<\/a>> # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United States.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204333<\/a>> # New York (State)--New York.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"New York (State)--New York.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1243650<\/a>> # Panama--Panama Canal.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Panama--Panama Canal.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1432034<\/a>> # Community organization<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Community organization<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1919811<\/a>> # Social conditions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Social conditions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/798899<\/a>> # Affirmative action programs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Affirmative action programs<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799099<\/a>> # African American college administrators<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American college administrators<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799107<\/a>> # African American college students--Political activity<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American college students--Political activity<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799113<\/a>> # African American college teachers--Selection and appointment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American college teachers--Selection and appointment<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799214<\/a>> # African American labor union members<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American labor union members<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799344<\/a>> # African American scholars<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African American scholars<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799600<\/a>> # African Americans--Education<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Education<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/799707<\/a>> # African Americans--Study and teaching<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Americans--Study and teaching<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/834014<\/a>> # Blacks--Study and teaching<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Blacks--Study and teaching<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/844865<\/a>> # Campaign literature<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Campaign literature<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/862785<\/a>> # Civil service--Minority employment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Civil service--Minority employment<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/870818<\/a>> # Community development<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Community development<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/891616<\/a>> # Detente<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Detente<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/895050<\/a>> # Discrimination in employment<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Discrimination in employment<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/895060<\/a>> # Discrimination in employment--Law and legislation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Discrimination in employment--Law and legislation<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/902556<\/a>> # Education--Curricula<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education--Curricula<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/909111<\/a>> # Employees<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Employees<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/990079<\/a>> # Labor movement<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Labor movement<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/990319<\/a>> # Labor unions and communism<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Labor unions and communism<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/108658781<\/a>> # Franklin Lewis Ford<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1920<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"2003<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Ford<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Franklin Lewis<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Franklin L.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Franklin Lewis Ford<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/108661115<\/a>> # Derek Curtis Bok<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Bok<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Derek Curtis<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Derek Curtis Bok<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/110028795<\/a>> # Ronald W. Walters<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Walters<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Ronald W.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ronald W. Walters<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/122614488<\/a>> # Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/125531216<\/a>> # W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/125576957<\/a>> # Douglass Urban Corporation.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Douglass Urban Corporation.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/127856829<\/a>> # Association of African and Afro-American Students at Harvard and Radcliffe.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Association of African and Afro-American Students at Harvard and Radcliffe.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/128987800<\/a>> # Harvard University<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Harvard University<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Harvard University. DuBois Institute.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Harvard University. Afro-American Studies Department.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/130258598<\/a>> # United Public Workers of America.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United Public Workers of America.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/134903652<\/a>> # National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/135266765<\/a>> # Pan-African Liberation Committee.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Pan-African Liberation Committee.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/136131820<\/a>> # Urban League of Greater New York.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Urban League of Greater New York.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/139982277<\/a>> # Columbia University. Urban Center.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Columbia University. Urban Center.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/146518912<\/a>> # Gulf Oil Corporation.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Gulf Oil Corporation.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/165209491<\/a>> # Martin Kilson<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Kilson<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Martin<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Martin Kilson<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/25400537<\/a>> # John Thomas Dunlop<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1914<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"2003<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Dunlop<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"John Thomas<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"John T.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"John Thomas Dunlop<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/282596976<\/a>> # Shirley Graham Du Bois<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1906<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"1977<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Du Bois<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Shirley Graham<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Shirley Graham Du Bois<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/32062912<\/a>> # Henry Rosovsky<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Rosovsky<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Henry<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Henry Rosovsky<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/33142854<\/a>> # Orlando Patterson<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1940<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Patterson<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Orlando<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Orlando Patterson<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/38834983<\/a>> # Walter J. Leonard<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Leonard<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Walter J.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Walter J. Leonard<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/49248898<\/a>> # Sterling Stuckey<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Stuckey<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Sterling<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Sterling Stuckey<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/58620319<\/a>> # Ewart Guinier<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Guinier<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Ewart<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ewart Guinier<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/70951750<\/a>> # William Waring Cuney<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1906<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"1976<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Cuney<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"William Waring<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"William Waring Cuney<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n