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The first bilateral investment treaties : U.S. postwar friendship, commerce and navigation treaties

Author: Kenneth J Vandevelde
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press. copyright 2017.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Présentation de l'éditeur : "The First Bilateral Investment Treaties is the first and only history of the U.S. postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation (FCN) treaty program, and focuses on the investment-related provisions of those treaties. The 22 U.S. postwar FCN treaties were the first bilateral investment treaties ever concluded, and nearly all of the core provisions in the modern network of more than 3000  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Treaties
Commercial treaties
Additional Physical Format: The First Bilateral Investment Treaties : U.S. Postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation Treaties / Kenneth J. Vandevelde
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2017
978-0-19-067960-6
(ABES)229855210
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Kenneth J Vandevelde
ISBN: 0190679573 9780190679576
OCLC Number: 995159088
Notes: Titre provenant des métadonnées fournies par l'éditeur.
Description: 1 vol. (XII-575 p.) : ill. ; 24 cm.
Contents: IntroductionAbout This Book New Deal LiberalismNew Deal Liberalism in U.S. Foreign Investment Policy1. U.S. Postwar Foreign Investment PolicyPromoting Global Full Employment The Role of International InvestmentThe Need to Promote and Regulate International Investment Developing a Foreign Investment Policy2. Launching the U.S. Postwar FCN Treaty ProgramInauguration of the U.S. Postwar FCN Treaty ProgramPreparing a Standard Draft TreatyThe Influence of the American Business CommunityNegotiating the First Postwar FCN Treaty: ChinaNegotiating an FCN Treaty with Italy Proposing an FCN Treaty with the Soviet Union3. Seeking a Multilateral Treaty on Investment: The International Trade OrganizationThe Proposal for an International Trade OrganizationThe London Preparatory MeetingThe Proposal for an Investment CodeDrafting an Investment CodeProposing an Investment Code in GenevaAmending the U.S. Proposal in GenevaNegotiating the U.S. Proposal in GenevaThe Cold War Comes to Geneva4. Abandoning the International Trade Organization Devising a Strategy for the Havana Conference The Havana Conference The Aftermath of the Havana Conference5. The FCN Treaties Become Investment TreatiesTruman Proposes the Point Four ProgramCreating a Point Four ProgramContemplating a New Investment Treaty Point Four Assistance and FCN TreatiesNegotiating an FCN Treaty with ColombiaNegotiating an FCN treaty with UruguayNegotiating an FCN Treaty with IrelandSenate Advice and Consent to Ratification 19506. Negotiating the First Bilateral Investment Treaties: The Truman YearsU.S. Negotiating StrategyNegotiating an FCN Treaty with GreeceNegotiating an FCN Treaty with DenmarkNegotiating with Italy -- AgainNegotiating an FCN Treaty with IsraelNegotiating an FCN Treaty with EthiopiaNegotiating an FCN Treaty with JapanSenate Advice and Consent to Ratification 1952-1953Investment Treaties at the End of the Truman Administration7. Negotiating the First Bilateral Investment Treaties: After the Truman YearsNegotiating an FCN Treaty with GermanyNegotiating an FCN treaty with HaitiNegotiating an FCN Treaty with IranNegotiating an FCN Treaty with NicaraguaNegotiating an FCN Treaty with the NetherlandsNegotiating an FCN Treaty with KoreaNegotiating an FCN treaty with the Sultanate of Muscat and OmanNegotiating an FCN Treaty with PakistanNegotiating an FCN Treaty with FranceSenate Advice and Consent to Ratification 1960Negotiating an FCN treaty with BelgiumNegotiating an FCN Treaty with VietnamSenate Advice and Consent to Ratification 1961Negotiating an FCN Treaty with TogoNegotiating an FCN Treaty with ThailandContinuity in the Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon and Ford Administrations8. The International Law of Foreign Investment in the FCN TreatiesCompanies Protected by the Treaty Fair and Equitable TreatmentMost Constant Protection and Security Treatment in Accordance with International LawUnreasonable or Discriminatory MeasuresNational TreatmentMost Favored Nation TreatmentExpropriationExchange ControlsEmployment Entry and SojournJudicial AccessCoTransparencyInternational Peace and SecurityEssential Security Interests ConsultationsCompromissory ClauseEpilogueAppendix Excerpts from the 1955 Standard Draft U.S. FCN TreatyIndex
Responsibility: Kenneth J. Vandevelde.

Abstract:

Présentation de l'éditeur : "The First Bilateral Investment Treaties is the first and only history of the U.S. postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation (FCN) treaty program, and focuses on the investment-related provisions of those treaties. The 22 U.S. postwar FCN treaties were the first bilateral investment treaties ever concluded, and nearly all of the core provisions in the modern network of more than 3000 international investment agreements worldwide trace their origin to these FCN treaties. This book explains the original understanding of the language of this vast network of agreements which have been and continue to be the subject of hundreds of international arbitrations and billions of dollars in claims. It is based on a review of some 32,000 pages of negotiating history housed in the National Archives. This book demonstrates that the investment provisions were founded on the New Deal liberalism of the Roosevelt-Truman administrations and were intended to acquire for U.S. companies investing abroad the same protections that foreign investors already received in the United States under the U.S. Constitution. It chronicles the failed U.S. attempt to obtain protection for investment through the proposed International Trade Organization (ITO), providing the first and only history of the investment-related provisions in the ITO Charter. It then shows how the FCN treaties, which dated back to 1776 and originally concerned with establishing trade and maritime relations, were re-conceptualized as investment treaties to provide investment protection bilaterally. This book is also a work of diplomatic history, offering an account of the negotiating history of each of the 22 treaties and describing U.S. negotiating policy and strategy."

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Professor Vandevelde provides a very much needed prequel to studies of the modern investment treaty regime. He traces key treaty provisions back to the late 1940s when efforts to launch an Read more...

 
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