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Food and gastrointestinal parasites of dolphin, Coryphaena hippurus, collected along the southeastern and Gulf coasts of the United States

Author: Charles S Manooch, III; Diane L Mason; Russell S Nelson; Southeast Fisheries Center (U.S.). Beaufort Laboratory,; Southeast Fisheries Center (U.S.),
Publisher: Beaufort, N.C. : U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Fisheries Center, Beaufort Laboratory, 1983.
Series: NOAA technical memorandum NMFS-SEFC, 124.
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
A total of 2,632 dolphin, Coryphaena hippurus, 250 to 1,530 millimeters fork length (FL), were captured by hook and line off the southeastern United states and from the Gulf of Mexico in 1980 and 1981. Eighty-four percent (2,219) of the stomachs contained ingested materials consisting of 13,383 indi-vidual items, displacing 57,648 milliliters, and representing 248 different categories. Fishes occurred in 77.6% of  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Charles S Manooch, III; Diane L Mason; Russell S Nelson; Southeast Fisheries Center (U.S.). Beaufort Laboratory,; Southeast Fisheries Center (U.S.),
OCLC Number: 10383836
Notes: "November 1983."
Description: 36 pages : illustrations, 1 map ; 28 cm
Series Title: NOAA technical memorandum NMFS-SEFC, 124.
Responsibility: Charles S. Manooch, III, Diane L. Mason, and Russell S. Nelson.

Abstract:

A total of 2,632 dolphin, Coryphaena hippurus, 250 to 1,530 millimeters fork length (FL), were captured by hook and line off the southeastern United states and from the Gulf of Mexico in 1980 and 1981. Eighty-four percent (2,219) of the stomachs contained ingested materials consisting of 13,383 indi-vidual items, displacing 57,648 milliliters, and representing 248 different categories. Fishes occurred in 77.6% of the stomachs, invertebrates in 27.5%, and miscellaneous items (Sargassum, tar balls, plastics, etc.) in 50.6%. Much of the material indicated that dolphin frequently feed at the surface and ingest fishes, crustaceans, insects, plants, and inorganic items that are associated with floating Sargassum. Index of relative importance (IRI) revealed uniden- tified fish, balistids, crustaceans, carangids, exocoetids, teuthidids (squids), syngnathids, coryphaenids, stomatopods, and diodontids as the 10 most important foods in the diet. Sargassum, which· occurred in 48.6% of the stomachs, was con- sidered to be consumed incidental to normal foods. The diets differed with size of dolphin (8 size classes), area of collection (10 areas), and season (4 seasons). The ascaridoid nematode, Hysterothylacium pelagicum sp.n., and an unidentified digenetic trematode were found in the digestive tracts. Nematodes were far more numerous and occurred more frequently than did trematodes. Infestation rate seemed to be more associated with size of dolphin than with season or area of collection.

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