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FROM PROTOINDUSTRY TO SWEATED WORK: HOUSEHOLD PRODUCERS, SMALL SCALE MANUFACTURING, AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTHERN ANJOU, 1780 TO 1914 (FRANCE).

Author: Tessie P Liu
Publisher: 1987.
Dissertation: Ph. D. University of Michigan
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : Manuscript : Microfilm   Archival Material : English
Summary:
This regional case study reinterprets the significance of small-scale rural industries for understanding the particular patterns of French industrialization during the nineteenth century. The analysis builds on the theory of "protoindustrialization" developed by Franklin F. Mendels and German researchers, Hans Medick, Jurgen Schlumbohm, and Peter Kriedte which emphasizes the origins of factory based
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Material Type: Thesis/dissertation, Manuscript
Document Type: Book, Archival Material
All Authors / Contributors: Tessie P Liu
OCLC Number: 68298864
Description: 487 pages

Abstract:

This regional case study reinterprets the significance of small-scale rural industries for understanding the particular patterns of French industrialization during the nineteenth century. The analysis builds on the theory of "protoindustrialization" developed by Franklin F. Mendels and German researchers, Hans Medick, Jurgen Schlumbohm, and Peter Kriedte which emphasizes the origins of factory based industrialization in the export-oriented rural handicraft trades of seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

Southern Anjou is a classic case of a protoindustrial region which failed to become an important center for large scale and mechanized textile industry. However, contrary to the current historiography which expects the demise of rural manufacturing after the 1850s, in the so-called "de-industrialization of the countryside," household producers adapted and reoriented labor intensive manufacturing towards new consumer markets which were an integral part of modern industrial societies. Thus the persistence.

Of rural handloom weaving and the expansion of outwork in the shoe and garment trades in the late nineteenth century cannot be attributed to a failure to innovate. Other factors influencing the choice of technology, such as the structure of product markets and the nature of local labor makets are examined.

Most recent studies of technological dualism in France stress the importance of luxury production, my research shows that home workshops and hand labor were prevalent in the mass production of common grade goods as well. I call this phenomenon the "sweated alternative" to the factory system, where the availability of cheap labor discouraged entrepreneurs from investing in labor saving machinery and in more centralized forms of production. The new sweated trades in the late nineteenth century were based.

On a transformed artisanal family economy dating back to the protoindustrial era. Drawing on the techniques of family history and women's history to understand the nature of household production, this analysis pays particular attention to the role of gender hierarchies in the creation of cheap labor. The type of rural manufacturing examined in this study reminds us that there is impoverished underside to a modern affluent society.

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