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Fundamentals of criminal justice : a sociological view

Author: Steven E Barkan; George J Bryjak
Publisher: Sudbury, MA : Jones & Bartlett Learning, ©2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Steven E Barkan; George J Bryjak
ISBN: 9780763754242 0763754242
OCLC Number: 437300494
Description: xvii, 528, [75] pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 28 cm
Contents: pt. 1. Understanding criminal justice --
1. Crime and justice in America --
The problem of crime --
Problem in understanding crime --
Media coverage and myths about crime --
The get-tough approach --
The Criminal Justice System --
Can we afford our prison policy? --
Size and cost of criminal justice --
Goals of criminal justice --
Models of criminal justice --
International focus : the Islamic concept of crime. pt. 2. Crime and victimization --
2. Counting and explaining crime --
Uniform crime reports --
National Crime Victimization Survey --
Self-report surveys --
Field research --
Explaining crime --
Rational choice, deterrence, and routine activities theories --
Crime and the economy --
Biological and psychological explanations --
Sociological explanations --
Theory and policy : reducing crime --
International focus : myth and reality of crime in the British countryside --
Under investigation : who commits crime? --
Gender --
Age --
Social class --
Race and ethnicity --
The geography and climatology of crime --
3. Crime in the United States --
Crimes of violence --
Homicide --
Serial killers --
Mass murder --
Robbery --
Rape and sexual assault --
Serial rapists --
Rape myths --
Marital rape --
Acquaintance rape --
Self-defense --
Aggravated assault --
Domestic violence --
Property crimes --
Burglary --
Larceny-theft --
Motor vehicle theft --
Arson --
Hate crimes --
Prostitution --
Streetwalkers --
Pimps --
Clients --
Illegal drugs --
Drugs and crime --
The cocaine distribution system --
Methamphetamine and the making of an epidemic --
A real drug war south of the Border --
Is decriminalization the answer? --
Organized crime --
Corporate crime --
International focus : organized crime in a changing Russian Society --
Street gangs and motorcycle gangs --
Asian gangs --
Black gangs --
Hispanic gangs --
How many gangs? --
Gangs and drugs --
Gangs and technology --
Females and gangs --
Combating gangs --4. Criminal law --
History of criminal law --
Ancient societies --
English common Law --
American Colonial Law --
types of law and crime --
Classifications of law --
Serious crimes versus minor crimes --
The counterfeit counting of campus crime --
Elements of a crime --
Criminal responsibility and legal defenses --
Accident, mistake, and ignorance --
Duress --
Self-defense --
Necessity --
Entrapment --
Age, developmental disabilities, and the insanity defense --
Constitutional and procedural rights --
The Bill of Rights and legal protections --
The expansion of Due Process --
The Supreme Court and the police --
Have Supreme Court decisions helped or hurt the police? --
International focus : International Law --
5. Victims and victimization --
Defining crime victims --
Victim characteristics --
Age --
Gender --
Race and ethnicity --
Immigrants --
Income --
Marital status --
Time and place of occurrence --
Cost and consequences of victimization --
Economic and medical costs --
Psychological consequences --
What is an advocate? --
Typology of victims --
Victims and offenders --
The geography of crime --
Victim precipitation --
Choosing a victim and repeat victimization --
Victims as offenders and offenders as victims --
Crime displacement and victimization --
The Victims Movement --
Victims and offenders : restitution and restoration --
The Victims Crime Act --
Victims and sentencing --
International focus : crime victims in a wealthy society : Norway --
The Crime Victims Rights Act of 2004 --
Victim information and notification everyday --
Terrorists and victims : a world at risk --
A terrorist typology --
Vigilante terrorism --
Insurgent terrorism --
Transnational terrorism --
State terrorism --
Narco-terrorism --
Explaining terrorism --
Countering terrorism --
Terrorism, criminal justice and the future. pt. 3. Law enforcement --
6. The police : history, organization, and composition --
Origins and development of the police --
European roots --
Police in Colonial America --
The emergence of professional police forces --
August Vollmer and O.W. Wilson --
Police unions --
The organization of law enforcement --
Municipal police and sheriff's departments --
State police --
Federal agencies --
The ICE man (and woman) cometh --
Special police forces --
Composition of police departments --
African American police officers --
Hispanic and Asian American police officers --
Female police officers --
International focus : the French police : two forces are better than one --
Gay and lesbian police officers --
The police and Affirmative Action --
Community policing and militarizing the police --
7. Becoming a copy and doing police work --
Requirements and selection --
From the Academy to the street --
Doing police work --
The police and crime --
On patrol --
Criminal investigation --
Traffic enforcement --
Undercover work : difficult and dangerous --
Police discretion --
The impact of technology --
COMPSTAT --
The police and profiling --
The police subculture --
Police cynicism --
Police officers and family violence --
Officer killed in the linen of duty --
International focus : police in the Land of the Rising Sun : Japan --
Police suicides --
8. Police misconduct --
Typology of police deviance --
Nonsexual conduct --
Sexual harassment --
Sexual shakedowns --
Corruption --
The impact of corruption --
Becoming a crooked cop --
Corrupt police departments --
The Chicago Police Department : brutality and corruption in the Windy City --
Police and the use of force --
Police brutality : definition and frequency of occurrence --
Police violence : why does it occur? --
Police violence and race --
Fear and fun --
The war on crime --
"Contempt of cop" --
Department of philosophy and accountability --
Devil cops in the City of Angels --
Policing the police --
Internal control --
Government control --
Community control --
International focus : police deviance in a developing nation : Mexico. pt. 4. Courts and sentencing --
9. Criminal courts : history, organization, and pretrial procedures --
History of the U.S. Courts System --
State courts --
Federal courts --
Judges --
Prosecutors --
Defense attorneys --
Pretrial procedures --
Arrest --
Initial appearance --
Charging --
Preliminary hearing --
Grand Jury --
Arraignment --
Bail and pretrial detention --
Bail bondsmen --
Discovery and pretrial motions --
International focus : Islam and criminal justice --
10. Plea bargaining and jury trials --
Prosecutors and plea bargaining --
Judges and plea bargaining --
Victims and plea bargaining --
The trial --
Modern trials --
Jury selection, jury composition, and Voir Dire --
Opening statements --
Presenting the evidence --
Closing arguments --
Jury instructions and jury deliberations --
The verdict --
Appeals --
Jury nullification --
Convicting the innocent --
Eyewitness errors --
Prosecutorial and police misconduct and errors --
False confessions --
Plea bargaining --
Community pressure for convicting --
Inadequacy of counsel --
Accusations against the innocent by the guilty --
Testimony of in-custody informants --
Criminal records --
Race as a factor --
DNA testing --
Fingerprints : proof positive? --
Allen Coco : legally guilty, factually innocent --
The CSI effect --
International focus : criminal justice in China : verdict first, trial second --
11. Sentencing --
Judicial discretion and sentencing policy --
Goals of sentencing --
Rehabilitation --
Retribution and just deserts --
Incapacitation --
Deterrence --
Types of sentences --
Probation --
Intermediate sanctions --
Incarceration --
Sentencing reforms and incarceration --
Presentence reports and sentencing hearings --
Sentencing guidelines --
Victim-impact statements --
Prior record and seriousness of offense --
Controversial new sentencing for crack offenders --
Sentencing disparity --
International focus : mandatory sentencing "Down Under" : Australia. pt. 5. Punishment and corrections --
12. Prisons and punishment : yesterday and today --
Punishment in historical perspective --
the U.S. Colonial experience --
Prisons in the Nineteenth Century --
Twentieth-Century developments --
Women's prisons --
Prisons and jails today --
Size and cost of corrections --
Privatization and private prisons --
The death penalty --
History of executions --
The death penalty in the United States today --
The death penalty debate --
Is the death penalty disappearing? --
International focus : prisons and punishment in Scandinavia and the Netherlands --
The incarceration boom --
Impact on the crime rate --
Collateral consequences --
Disparate impact on African Americans --
13. Life behind bars --
Profile of prison and jail inmates --
Inmate characteristics and prison life --
Living in captivity --
The prison as a total institution --
Pains of imprisonment --
Adapting to prison life : inmate subcultures --
Conditions behind bars --
Living on Death Row --
Has California poisoned its prisoners? --
Life in the Supermax --
Correctional treatment --
Effectiveness --
Adequacy in prisons --
Prison violence --
Interpersonal violence --
Prison gangs --
Sexual violence --
Prison riots --
Women in prison --
Inmate subcultures --
Sexual victimization --
Medical needs and services --
Women prisoners as mothers --
Treatment and vocational programs --
Litigation and prisoners' rights --
Leaving prison --
Guarding inmates --
Prisonizatioon of correctional officers --
Alienation and stress --
Women as correctional officers --
International focus : hell on earth in a prison cell : Brazil --
Health and health care in prisons --
Special health problems in prison : HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis --
Health care for older prisoners --
14. Community corrections and juvenile justice --
Community corrections --
Probation --
Intermediate sanctions --
Parole --
Unintended consequences of sex offender laws --
Juvenile justice --
Understanding juvenile delinquency --
Trends in juvenile crime --
History of juvenile justice --
The juvenile justice process --
Dealing with delinquency --
International focus : juvenile justice in transition : Canada.
Responsibility: Steven E. Barkan, George J. Bryjak.

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   schema:description "pt. 3. Law enforcement -- 6. The police : history, organization, and composition -- Origins and development of the police -- European roots -- Police in Colonial America -- The emergence of professional police forces -- August Vollmer and O.W. Wilson -- Police unions -- The organization of law enforcement -- Municipal police and sheriff's departments -- State police -- Federal agencies -- The ICE man (and woman) cometh -- Special police forces -- Composition of police departments -- African American police officers -- Hispanic and Asian American police officers -- Female police officers -- International focus : the French police : two forces are better than one -- Gay and lesbian police officers -- The police and Affirmative Action -- Community policing and militarizing the police -- 7. Becoming a copy and doing police work -- Requirements and selection -- From the Academy to the street -- Doing police work -- The police and crime -- On patrol -- Criminal investigation -- Traffic enforcement -- Undercover work : difficult and dangerous -- Police discretion -- The impact of technology -- COMPSTAT -- The police and profiling -- The police subculture -- Police cynicism -- Police officers and family violence -- Officer killed in the linen of duty -- International focus : police in the Land of the Rising Sun : Japan -- Police suicides -- 8. Police misconduct -- Typology of police deviance -- Nonsexual conduct -- Sexual harassment -- Sexual shakedowns -- Corruption -- The impact of corruption -- Becoming a crooked cop -- Corrupt police departments -- The Chicago Police Department : brutality and corruption in the Windy City -- Police and the use of force -- Police brutality : definition and frequency of occurrence -- Police violence : why does it occur? -- Police violence and race -- Fear and fun -- The war on crime -- "Contempt of cop" -- Department of philosophy and accountability -- Devil cops in the City of Angels -- Policing the police -- Internal control -- Government control -- Community control -- International focus : police deviance in a developing nation : Mexico."@en ;
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