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Fundamentals of ethics for scientists and engineers.

Author: Edmund Gerard Seebauer; Edmund G Seebauer; Robert L Barry
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press, 2001.
Series: Engineering case studies online
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This text serves as an introduction to the basic ethical theories in the engineering practice.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Edmund Gerard Seebauer; Edmund G Seebauer; Robert L Barry
ISBN: 1680153498 9781680153491 9780195134889 0195134885
OCLC Number: 1058773299
Language Note: English.
Description: 1 online resource (286 p.)
Contents: PREFACE ; UNIT I - FOUNDATIONAL PRINCIPLES ; Chapter 1 - Approaching the Subject of Ehtics ; 1. An example ; 2. The importance of ethics in science and engineering ; 3. Managing ethical discussion ; 4. Philosophy, religion, and ethics ; 5. The existence of right and wrong ; Principle: Certain aspects of right and wrong exist objectively, independed of culture or personal opinion. ; 6. The subject of moral analysis ; 7. The role of codes of ethics ; 8. Real-life Case: Destruction of the Spaceship Challenger ; Chapter 2 - The Person and the Virtues ; 1. Developing a model for the person ; 2. Components of the psyche ; 3. Limitations of the model ; 4. Habits and morals ; 5. The four main virtues ; Principle: People should always decide for and act according to the virtues insofar as possible. ; 6. An example ; 7. A Real-life Case; Toxic Waste at Love Canal ; Chapter 3 - Analyzing Exterior Acts: Some First Steps ; 1. Ethics as a craft ; 2. Disinguishing exterior and interior morality ; 3. Beginning case analysis ; 4. Event trees ; 5. A Real-life Case: Dow Corning Corp. and Breast Implant ; Chapter 4 - Analyzing Exterior Acts: Some First Steps ; 1. Describing intention ; 2. The importance of intention ; 3. Effort and virtues ; Principle: People should try insofar as possible to continue to progress in the moral life. ; 4. The role of benevolence ; 5. A Real-life Case: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment ; 6. Summary of Unit 1 ; 7. Some Words of Caution ; UNIT 2 - RESOLVING ETHICAL CONFLICTS ; Chapter 5 - Toward a Hierarchy of Moral Values ; 1. On selecting principles and methods ; 2. Hierarchies of values: moral and nonmoral ; 3. Linedrawing ; 4. Mathematical analogies ; 5. Ranking the virtues ; 6. A Real-life Case: Scientific Tests using Animals ; Chapter 6 - Starting Moral Judgments: Evaluating Exterior Acts ; 1. A mathematical analogy ; 2. An example ; 3. A Real-life Case: Chemical Disaster at Bhopal ; Chapter 7 - Completing Moral Judgments: the Decisive Role of Intention ; 1. Evaluating interior goodness ; 2. An example ; 3. Balancing interior and exterior goodness ; 4. The "Solomon problem" ; Principle: The obligation to avoid what is bad outweighs the obligation to do what is good. ; 5. Cooperating in the evil of others ; 6. A Real-lfe Case: The Problem of Performance Evaluation - Grade Inflation ; Chapter 8 - Moral Responsibility ; 1. Factors limiting moral responsibility ; 2. Degrees of responsibility ; 3. An example ; 4. The "sainthood" and "devil" problems ; 5. A Real-life Case: Responsibility in Software Engineering ; 6. Summary of Unit 2 ; 7. Some words of caution ; UNIT 3 - JUSTICE: APPLICATIONS ; Chapter 9 - Truth: Person-to-Person ; 1. Truth in actions ; 2. Truth in words ; 3. Harm from deception ; 4. Harm from withholding truth ; 5. Whistleblowing ; 6. Harm from spreading truth ; 7. Privacy ; 8. A Real-lfe Case: Censorship of the Internet ; Chapter 10 - Truth: Social ; 1. Distinctions between science and engineering ; 2. Approach to knowledge in science ; 3. Recognition from scientific publication ; 4. Black and gray in scientific practice ; 5. Approach to knowledge in technology ; 6. Intellectual property ; 7. A Real-lfe Case: Copying Music Illegally using Internet ; Chapter 11 - Fairness: Person-to-Person ; 1. Finding the fairest solution ; 2. Conflict of internet ; 3. Qualitative vs. quantitative fairness ; 4. Credit or blame in team projects ; 5. Authorship questions ; 6. Fairness in supervising ; 7. Fairness in contracting with clients ; 8. A Real-life Case: Problems with Peer Review ; Chatper 12 - Fairness: Social ; 1. Intellectual property and the society ; 2. Environmental issues ; 3. Experts and paternalism ; 4. Social aspects of employment ; 5. A Real-life Case: Environmental Cleanup - Problems with the Superfund ; 6. Summary of Unit 3 ; 7. Some words of caution ; UNIT 4 - ADVANCED TOPICS ; Chapter 13 - Resource Allocation ; 1. What is resource allocation? ; 2. Allocation by merit ; 3. Allocation by social worth ; 4. Allocation by need ; 5. Allocation by ability to pay ; 6. Allocation by equal or random assignment ; 7. Allocation by similarity ; 8. How to decide among methods ; 9. A Real-life Case: Ethical Issues in Affirmative Action ; Chapter 14 - Risk ; 1. A historical perspective ; 2. Defining safety and risk ; 3. Evaluating risk ; 4. Making decisions about risk ; 5. Some general guidelines ; 6. A Real-life Case: Experimental Drug Testing in Humans ; Chapter 15 - Dealing with Differing Ethical Systems ; 1. Differing anthropologies ; 2. Differing principles and methods ; 3. Monism and relativism ; 4. Postmodernism ; 5. True pluralism ; 6. Conclusion ; 7. A Real-life Case: Geological Experiments in Sacred Mountains ; Chapter 16 - Habit and Intuition ; 1. Rationalist approaches to moral action ; 2. Advantages of rationalist approaches ; 3. Problems with rationalist approaches ; 4. Toward a more comprehensive approach to moral behavior ; 5. A Real-life Case; The Ethics of Human Cloning ; 6. Summary of Unit 4 ; 7. Some words of caution
Series Title: Engineering case studies online
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Abstract:

Suitable for ethics courses in engineering and science, this book focuses on analysing the consequences rather than rules to be obeyed in making decisions. It can be used either in a one-credit-hour  Read more...

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