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Genders and classifiers : a cross-linguistic typology

Author: A I︠U︡ Aĭkhenvalʹd; Elena Mihas
Publisher: Oxford ; New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2019.
Series: Oxford linguistics.; Explorations in linguistic typology, 9.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : First edition
Summary:
This title offers a comprehensive account of the typology of noun classification across the world's languages. Every language has some means of categorizing objects into humans, or animates, or by their shape, form, size, and function. The most widespread are linguistic genders - grammatical classes of nouns based on core semantic properties such as sex (female and male), animacy, humanness, and also shape and size.  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Genders and classifiers.
Oxford ; New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2019
(OCoLC)1066093817
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: A I︠U︡ Aĭkhenvalʹd; Elena Mihas
ISBN: 9780192579263 0192579266 9780191878060 0191878065
OCLC Number: 1125210449
Description: 1 online resource (xxi, 310 pages)
Contents: Cover; Genders and Classifiers A Cross-Linguistic Typology Edited by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and Elena I. Mihas Language and Culture Research Centre James Cook University; Copyright; Contents; Preface; Notes on the contributors; Abbreviations; Chapter 1: Noun categorization devices; 1 Noun categorization devices in their various guises; 2 Several noun categorization devices in one language; 3 How noun categorization devices differ and what they have in common; 3.1 Interaction with other grammatical categories; 3.2 Differences in use depending on contexts; 3.3 Special semantic properties 3.4 Using more than one noun categorization device3.5 Principles of assignment; 3.6 Semantic parameters in noun categorization devices; 4 Multiple classifier languages; 5 The utility of noun categorization devices; 6 The origins and development of noun categorization devices; 7 About this volume; References; Chapter 2: Genders and classifiers in Kampa (Arawak) languages of Peru; 1 Introduction; 2 Relevant aspects of Kampa grammar; 2.1 Linguistic profile; 2.2 Kampa noun classes; 2.3 Kampa N 1 +N 2 compounds and noun incorporation; 2.3.1 N 1 +N 2 compounds; 2.3.2 Noun incorporation 3 Gender system3.1 Gender marking; 3.2 Coding of animacy; 3.3 Semantic bases of gender assignment; 4 Core Kampa multiple classifier set; 4.1 Overview; 4.2 Frequency of classifier use; 4.3 Semantics of core Kampa classifiers; 4.4 Functions of Kampa classifiers; 5 Multiple classifiers as an areal feature; 6 Conclusions; Acknowledgements; References; Chapter 3: Classifiers in Shiwilu (Kawapanan); 1 Introduction; 1.1 The Shiwilu people and their language; 1.2 Selected features of Shiwilu grammar; 1.3 Goal and organization of this chapter; 2 Overview of the Shiwilu nominal classifying system 3 Morphosyntactic contexts and text frequency of Shiwilu classifiers3.1 Morphosyntactic contexts of Shiwilu classifiers; 3.2 Text frequency of Shiwilu classifiers; 3.3 Functions of classifiers in the corpus; 3.3.1 Derivational function; 3.3.2 Concord-like function; 3.3.3 Discourse functions; 3.3.4 Adjective-like function; 3.3.5 Disambiguating function; 4 Classifier stacking and reduplication; 4.1 Classifier stacking; 4.2 Classifier reduplication; 5 Classifier incorporation and argument reference; 5.1 Incorporation of one classifier 5.2 Incorporation of two classifiers or a classifier and a noun6 Conclusions; Acknowledgements; References; Chapter 4: A view from the North; 1 The problem; 2 Genders and classifiers in Arawak languages of north-west Amazonia: An illustration; 3 Arawak languages and their grammatical features; 4 Genders and classifiers in the Arawak languages of north-west Amazonia; 4.1 Languages of set I: genders only; 4.2 Languages of sets II, III, and IV; 4.3 The resilience of genders and the emergence of classifiers; 5 Where do classifiers come from?; 6 What are classifiers good for?; 7 To conclude
Series Title: Oxford linguistics.; Explorations in linguistic typology, 9.
Responsibility: edited by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and Elena I. Mihas.

Abstract:

This title offers a comprehensive account of the typology of noun classification across the world's languages. Every language has some means of categorizing objects into humans, or animates, or by their shape, form, size, and function. The most widespread are linguistic genders - grammatical classes of nouns based on core semantic properties such as sex (female and male), animacy, humanness, and also shape and size. Classifiers of several types also serve to categorize entities. Numeral classifiers occur with number words, possessive classifiers appear in the expressions of possession, and verbal classifiers are used on a verb, categorizing its argument. These varied sorts of genders and classifiers can also occur together.

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