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Go! : technology in action

Author: Alan Evans; Mary Anne Poatsy; Kendall Martin
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson, 2008.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 4th edView all editions and formats
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For introductory courses in computer concepts or computer literacy often including instruction in Microsoft Office. A Computer Concepts Text Focused on Today's Student! Technology in Action engages  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Alan Evans; Mary Anne Poatsy; Kendall Martin
ISBN: 9780132402668 0132402661
OCLC Number: 1023839765
Description: xxiii, 491 pages : color illustrations ; 28 cm + 1 computer optical disc (4 3/4 in.)
Contents: CHAPTER 1Why Computers Matter to You: Becoming Computer Fluent .................................................................................. 2 Becoming a Savvy Computer User and Consumer ................................................................ 4 Being Prepared for Your Career.............................................................................................. 5 Being Prepared for Your Career.............................................................................................. 5 Computers in Business: Working in a Data Mine? ..................................................... 5Computers in Retail: Let Me Look That Up for You ................................................... 6 Computers in Shipping: UPS Data on the Go .............................................................. 7 Computers in Ranching and Farming: High Tech Down on the Farm .................... 8 Computers in the Arts: Shall We Dance? ...................................................................... 8 Computers in the Medical Field: Fact or Science Fiction? ......................................... 9 Computers in Law Enforcement: Put Down That Mouse-You're Under Arrest! ................................................... 12 Computers in the Legal Fields: Welcome to the Virtual Courtroom ...................... 13 Computers in Education: And on the Left, You See the Mona Lisa......................... 13 Computers and the Sciences: Programming the Perfect Storm .............................. 15 Computers in Sports: Bend Your Elbow Another Two Degrees? ............................ 16 Computer Gaming Careers: Now Bigger Than Hollywood! ................................... 17 Computers at Home: Just Program It and Forget It .................................................. 18 Getting Ready for the Technology of Tomorrow .................................................................. 18 Nanoscience: The Next "Big" Thing ........................................................................... 18 Biomedical Chip Implants: Combining Humans with Machines? ......................... 19 Artificial Intelligence: Will Computers Become Human? ........................................ 20 Understanding the Challenges Facing a Digital Society ...................................................... 21 TRENDS IN IT: Ehics: Knowledge Is Power: Bridging the Digital Divide ........... 22 Becoming Computer Fluent .................................................................................................. 23 Computers Are Data Processing Devices ................................................................... 23 Bits and Bytes: The Language of Computers ............................................................. 23 Computer Hardware ..................................................................................................... 25 Computer Software ....................................................................................................... 26 Computer Platforms: PCs and MACs ......................................................................... 26 Specialty Computers ..................................................................................................... 27 DIG DEEPER: What Can You Do with a Digital Home? ........................................ 28 CHAPTER 2 Looking at Computers: Understanding the Parts ........................................................................................ 40 Your Computer's Hardware .................................................................................................. 42 Input Devices.......................................................................................................................... 42 Keyboards ....................................................................................................................... 42 Mice and Other Pointing Devices ................................................................................ 46 Sound Input .................................................................................................................... 48 Input Devices for Physically Challenged Individuals .............................................. 49 Output Devices ...................................................................................................................... 49 Monitors .......................................................................................................................... 49 Printers ............................................................................................................................ 52 DIG DEEPER: How Inkjet and Laser Printers Work ............................................... 55 Sound Output ................................................................................................................. 56 The System Unit .................................................................................................................... 56 On the Front Panel ......................................................................................................... 56 On the Back ..................................................................................................................... 60 Inside the System Unit .................................................................................................. 61 Setting It All Up .................................................................................................................... 64 TRENDS IN IT: Emerging Technologies: Tomorrow's Display-You Can Take It with You! .................................................................... 66 TECHNOLOGY IN FOCUS Careers in IT ...................................................................................................................... 78 CHAPTER 3Using the Internet:Making the Most of the Web's Resources.............................................. 92 The Internet ............................................................................................................................ 94 Communicating Through the Internet: E-Mail and Other Technologies .............................. 94 Instant Messaging .......................................................................................................... 94 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) ............................................................................. 94 Weblogs (blogs) and Video Logs (vlogs) .................................................................... 95 Podcasts ........................................................................................................................... 96 Webcasts .......................................................................................................................... 97 Wikis ................................................................................................................................ 98 E-Mail .............................................................................................................................. 98 Chat Rooms ................................................................................................................... 100 Newsgroups .................................................................................................................. 100 Listservs ......................................................................................................................... 101 Web Entertainment: Multimedia and Beyond .................................................................... 101 TRENDS IN IT: Social Networking .......................................................................... 102 Conducting Business over the Internet: E-Commerce ........................................................ 104 E-Commerce Safeguards ............................................................................................. 105 Managing Online Annoyances .......................................................................................... 106 Spam .............................................................................................................................. 106 Cookies .......................................................................................................................... 107 Adware .......................................................................................................................... 108 Spyware ......................................................................................................................... 108 Malware ......................................................................................................................... 109 Phishing and Internet Hoaxes .................................................................................... 109 Navigating the Web: Web Browsers .................................................................................. 110 Getting Around the Web: URLs, Hyperlinks, and Other Tools............................................ 111 URLs ............................................................................................................................... 111 Hyperlinks and Beyond .............................................................................................. 113 Favorites and Bookmarks ........................................................................................... 113 Tabbed Browsing .......................................................................................................... 114 TRENDS IN IT: Ethics: What Can You Borrow from the Internet? ...................... 115 Searching the Web: Search Engines and Subject Directories ............................................ 116 Search Engines .............................................................................................................. 116 DIG DEEPER: Refining Your Web Searches: Boolean Operators ......................... 118 Subject Directories ....................................................................................................... 120 Evaluating Web Sites ................................................................................................... 121 Internet Basics...................................................................................................................... 121 The Internet's Clients and Servers ............................................................................. 121 Connecting to the Internet .......................................................................................... 123 Broadband Connections .............................................................................................. 123 Dial-Up Connections ................................................................................................... 125 Choosing the Right Internet Connection Option .................................................... 126 Finding an Internet Service Provider .................................................................................. 126 Choosing an ISP ........................................................................................................... 127 The Origin of the Internet .................................................................................................... 128 The Web Versus the Internet ....................................................................................... 128 The Future of the Internet .................................................................................................... 129 CHAPTER 4 Application Software:Programs That Let You Work and Play .................................................... 140 The Nuts and Bolts of Software .......................................................................................... 142 More Productivity at Home ................................................................................................ 142 Word-Processing Software .......................................................................................... 142 Spreadsheet Software .................................................................................................. 144 Presentation Software .................................................................................................. 146 Database Software ....................................................................................................... 146 Personal Information Manager (PIM) Software ...................................................... 148 Productivity Software Tools ....................................................................................... 148 Integrated Software Applications Versus Software Suites ..................................... 148 DIG DEEPER: Speech-Recognition Software .......................................................... 152 Personal Financial Software ....................................................................................... 154 More Media at Home .......................................................................................................... 155 Digital Image-Editing Software ................................................................................. 155 Digital Audio Software ............................................................................................... 157 Digital Video-Editing Software .................................................................................. 157 Media Management Software .................................................................................... 158 More Fun at Home .............................................................................................................. 159 Gaming Software ......................................................................................................... 159 Educational Software .................................................................................................. 160 Reference Software ...................................................................................................... 162 Drawing Software ........................................................................................................ 162 Business Software................................................................................................................ 163 Home Business Software ............................................................................................ 163 Large-Business Software ..........................................................................................................165 TRENDS IN IT: Emerging Technologies: Is It Real or Is It Virtual? ..................... 166 Specialized Business Software ................................................................................... 167 Getting Help with Software ................................................................................................ 167 Buying Software .................................................................................................................. 168 Standard Software ....................................................................................................... 168 Web-Based Application Software .............................................................................. 168 Discounted Software ................................................................................................... 169 Freeware and Shareware ............................................................................................ 170 Software Versions and Systems Requirements ........................................................ 171 Installing/Uninstalling and Opening Software .................................................................. 172 TRENDS IN IT: Ethics: Can I Borrow Software That I Don't Own? .................... 175TECHNOLOGY IN FOCUS Digital Entertainment .............................................................................................. 186 CHAPTER 5 Using System Software: The Operating System, UtilityPrograms, and File Management .................................................................. 202 System Software Basics ...................................................................................................... 204 Operating System Categories ............................................................................................ 204 Real-Time Operating Systems .................................................................................... 205 Single-User Operating Systems ................................................................................. 205 Multiuser Operating Systems .................................................................................... 206 Desktop Operating Systems ................................................................................................ 206 Microsoft Windows ..................................................................................................... 207 Mac OS .......................................................................................................................... 208 Unix .................................................................................................................................... 208 Linux .............................................................................................................................. 208 TRENDS IN IT: Emerging Technologies: Open-Source Software: Why Isn't Everyone Using Linux? ...................................................................... 209 What the Operating System Does ...................................................................................... 210 The User Interface ........................................................................................................ 211 Processor Management ............................................................................................... 211 Memory and Storage Management ........................................................................... 213 Hardware and Peripheral Device Management ...................................................... 214 Software Application Coordination .......................................................................... 214 The Boot Process: Starting Your Computer ........................................................................ 215 Step 1 : Activating BIOS ............................................................................................... 216 Step 2 : Performing the Power-On Self-Test .............................................................. 216 Step 3 : Loading the Operating System ..................................................................... 217 Step 4 : Checking Further Configurations and Customizations ............................ 217 Handling Errors in the Boot Process ......................................................................... 218 The Desktop and Windows Features .................................................................................. 219 Organizing Your Computer: File Management .................................................................. 221 Organizing Your Files .................................................................................................. 221 Viewing and Sorting Files and Folders ..................................................................... 223 Naming Files ................................................................................................................. 224 Working with Files ....................................................................................................... 226 Utility Programs .................................................................................................................. 227 Display Utilities ............................................................................................................ 227 The Add or Remove Programs Utility ...................................................................... 229 File Compression Utilities .......................................................................................... 229 System Maintenance Utilities ..................................................................................... 230 DIG DEEPER: How Disk Defragmenter Utilities Work ........................................ 232 System Restore and Backup Utilities ........................................................................ 232 T he Task Scheduler Utility .......................................................................................... 234 Accessibility Utilities ................................................................................................... 235 CHAPTER 6 Understanding and Assessing Hardware: Evaluating Your System ........................................................................................ 246 Is It the Computer or Me?.................................................................................................... 248 What Is Your Ideal Computer? ............................................................................................ 249 Assessing Your Hardware: Evaluating Your System .......................................................... 249 Evaluating the CPU Subsystem............................................................................................ 251 Analyzing Your CPU ................................................................................................... 253 Evaluating RAM: The Memory Subsystem .......................................................................... 254 Virtual Memory ............................................................................................................ 256 Adding RAM ................................................................................................................ 257 Evaluating the Storage Subsystem...................................................................................... 258 The Hard Disk Drive ................................................................................................... 258 DIG DEEPER: How a Hard Disk Drive Works ....................................................... 259 Portable Storage Options: The Floppy and Beyond ............................................... 260 Upgrading Your Storage Subsystem ......................................................................... 265 Evaluating the Video Subsystem ........................................................................................ 265 Video Cards .................................................................................................................. 265 TRENDS IN IT: Ethics: CD and DVD Technology: A Free Lunch-Or at Least a Free Copy .................................................................................................. 266 Monitors ........................................................................................................................ 268 Evaluating the Audio Subsystem ........................................................................................ 269 Speakers ........................................................................................................................ 269 Sound Cards ................................................................................................................. 269 Evaluating Port Connectivity .............................................................................................. 270 Adding Ports: Expansion Cards and Hubs .............................................................. 273 Evaluating System Reliability .............................................................................................. 274 TRENDS IN IT: Computers in Society: How to Donate Your Old Computer Safely .................................................................................................... 276 Making the Final Decision .................................................................................................. 277TECHNOLOGY IN FOCUS Computing Alternatives ........................................................................................ 288 CHAPTER 7 Networking and Security: Connecting Computers and Keeping Them Safe from Hackers and Viruses .................... 302 Networking Fundamentals.................................................................................................. 304 Network Architectures ........................................................................................................ 305 Describing Networks Based on Network Control .................................................. 305 Describing Networks Based on Distance ................................................................. 306 Network Components ........................................................................................................ 306 Transmission Media ..................................................................................................... 307 Network Adapters ....................................................................................................... 307 Network Navigation Devices ..................................................................................... 307 Networking Software .................................................................................................. 307 Types of Peer-to-Peer Networks.......................................................................................... 308 Wired Ethernet Networks ........................................................................................... 308 Ethernet Switches ......................................................................................................... 309 Ethernet Routers ........................................................................................................... 311 Wireless Ethernet Networks ....................................................................................... 311 Power-Line Networks ................................................................................................. 315 Phoneline Networks .................................................................................................... 315 Choosing a Peer-to-Peer Network ...................................................................................... 316 Configuring Software for Your Home Network.................................................................. 317 TRENDS IN IT: Emerging Technologies: Grid Computing: Aiding Scientific Research with Your Computer ............................................................................ 320 Keeping Your Home Computer Safe .................................................................................. 321 Computer Threats: Hackers ................................................................................................ 321 What Hackers Steal ...................................................................................................... 322 Trojan Horses ................................................................................................................ 323 Denial of Service Attacks ............................................................................................ 323 How Hackers Gain Access .......................................................................................... 324 TRENDS IN IT: Computers in Society: Identity Theft: Is There More Than One You Out There? .................................................................................... 325 Computer Safeguards: Firewalls ........................................................................................ 326 Types of Firewalls ........................................................................................................ 326 Is Your Computer Secure? .......................................................................................... 327 Securing Wireless Networks .............................................................................................. 327 DIG DEEPER: How Firewalls Work ......................................................................... 328 Computer Threats: Computer Viruses ................................................................................ 332 Types of Viruses ........................................................................................................... 333 Virus Classifications .................................................................................................... 334 Computer Safeguards: Antivirus Software ........................................................................ 334 Other Security Measures ............................................................................................. 336 TRENDS IN IT: Careers: Cybercops on the Beat: Computer Security Careers .. 337 CHAPTER 8 Mobile Computing: Keeping Your Data on Hand ............................ 348 Mobile Computing: Is It Right for You? .............................................................................. 350 Mobile Device Limitations ......................................................................................... 350 Mobile Computing Devices.................................................................................................. 352 Cellular Phones.................................................................................................................... 353 Cell Phone Hardware .................................................................................................. 353 How Cell Phones Work ............................................................................................... 355 Cell Phone Features: Text Messaging ........................................................................ 355 Cell Phone Internet Connectivity .............................................................................. 357 Portable Media Players ...................................................................................................... 358 PMP Hardware ............................................................................................................. 360 PMP Flash Memory and File Transfer ...................................................................... 360 PMP Ethical Issues: Napster and Beyond ................................................................ 361 Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) ...................................................................................... 362 TRENDS IN IT: Emerging Technologies: Why Carry Your Data When You Can Wear It? ................................................................................................... 363 PDA Hardware ............................................................................................................. 363 PDA Operating Systems ............................................................................................ 365 PDA Memory and Storage .......................................................................................... 365 PDA File Transfer and Synchronization ................................................................... 366 PDA Internet Connectivity ......................................................................................... 367 PDA Software and Accessories .................................................................................. 368 PDA or Cell Phone? .................................................................................................... 368 Tablet PCs ............................................................................................................................ 369 DIG DEEPER: The Power of GPS ............................................................................. 370 Tablet PC Hardware .................................................................................................... 371 Tablet Software ............................................................................................................. 373 Tablet or PDA? ............................................................................................................ 373 Notebooks .......................................................................................................................... 374 Notebook Hardware .................................................................................................... 374 TRENDS IN IT: Ubiquitous Networking: Wherever You Go, There You Are .... 374 Notebook Operating Systems and Ports .................................................................. 376 Notebook Batteries and Accessories ......................................................................... 376 Notebook or Desktop? ................................................................................................ 379 TRENDS IN IT: Emerging Technologies: Nanotubes: The Next Big Thing Is Pretty Darn Small! ......................................................... 380TECHNOLOGY IN FOCUS Protecting Your Computer and Backing Up Your Data .............. 392 CHAPTER 9 Behind the Scenes: A Closer Look at System Hardware ........ 406 Digital Data: Switches and Bits .......................................................................................... 408 Electrical Switches ....................................................................................................... 408 The Binary Number System ....................................................................................... 409 DIG DEEPER: Advanced Binary and Hexadecimal Notations ............................ 410 The CPU: Processing Digital Information ............................................................................ 413 The CPU Machine Cycle ............................................................................................. 415 Stage 1 : The Fetch Stage .............................................................................................. 417 Stage 2 : The Decode Stage .......................................................................................... 418 Stage 3 : The Execute Stage .......................................................................................... 419 Stage 4 : The Store Stage ............................................................................................... 419 TRENDS IN IT: Emerging Technologies: Printable Processors: The Ultimate in Flexibility ................................................................................... 420 RAM: The Next Level of Temporary Storage ...................................................................... 420 Types of RAM ............................................................................................................... 421 Buses: The CPU's Data Highway ........................................................................................ 423 Making Computers Even Faster: Advanced CPU Designs .................................................. 425 Pipelining ...................................................................................................................... 425 Specialized Multimedia Instructions ........................................................................ 427 Multiple Processing Efforts ........................................................................................ 427 TRENDS IN IT: Emerging Technologies: Computer Technology Changing the Face of Medicine ........................................................................... 428 Glossary .............................................................................................................................. 625 Index .................................................................................................................................... 647 Credits....................................................................................................................................663
Responsibility: Alan Evans, Kendall Martin, Mary Anne Poatsy.

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