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Grassroots mapping : tools for participatory and activist cartography

Author: David Small.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.; Warren, Jeffrey Yoo
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology 2011-08-18T19:18:05Z 2011-08-18T19:18:05Z 2010 2010
Edition/Format:   Downloadable archival material : English
Summary:
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning, Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2010.

Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 109-113).

Geospatial tools and information play an important role in urban planning and policymaking, and maps have diverse uses in legal, environmental, political, land rights, and social arenas. Widespread participation in mapmaking and access to its benefits is limited by obscure and expensive tools and techniques. This has resulted in poor or nonexistent maps for much of the world's population, especially in areas of urban poverty. In particular, public access to recent and high-resolution satellite imagery is largely controlled by government and large industry. This thesis proposes balloon and kite aerial photography as a low-cost and easy to learn means to collect aerial imagery for mapping, and introduces a novel open-source online tool for orthorectifying and compositing images into maps. A series of case studies where such tools and techniques were used by communities and activists in Lima, Peru and during the 2010 BP oil spill highlight the empowering role broader participation in cartography can play in advocacy, and the potential for increased cartographic literacy to level the playing field in territorial self-determination for small communities. Compared to other efforts to democratize mapmaking, which focus primarily on the presentation and interpretation of existing map data, this project emphasizes participation in the creation of new data at its source - direct imaging of the earth's surface. Accompanying educational materials and workshops with adults and youth, as well as an active online community of participants, have ensured wide adoption of Grassroots Mapping practices.

by Jeffrey Yoo Warren.

S.M.  Read more...

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Details

Genre/Form: Thesis
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Archival Material
All Authors / Contributors: David Small.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.; Warren, Jeffrey Yoo
OCLC Number: 747154991
Language Note: English
Notes: 115 p.
application/pdf
Other Titles: Tools for participatory and activist cartography

Abstract:

Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning, Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2010.

Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 109-113).

Geospatial tools and information play an important role in urban planning and policymaking, and maps have diverse uses in legal, environmental, political, land rights, and social arenas. Widespread participation in mapmaking and access to its benefits is limited by obscure and expensive tools and techniques. This has resulted in poor or nonexistent maps for much of the world's population, especially in areas of urban poverty. In particular, public access to recent and high-resolution satellite imagery is largely controlled by government and large industry. This thesis proposes balloon and kite aerial photography as a low-cost and easy to learn means to collect aerial imagery for mapping, and introduces a novel open-source online tool for orthorectifying and compositing images into maps. A series of case studies where such tools and techniques were used by communities and activists in Lima, Peru and during the 2010 BP oil spill highlight the empowering role broader participation in cartography can play in advocacy, and the potential for increased cartographic literacy to level the playing field in territorial self-determination for small communities. Compared to other efforts to democratize mapmaking, which focus primarily on the presentation and interpretation of existing map data, this project emphasizes participation in the creation of new data at its source - direct imaging of the earth's surface. Accompanying educational materials and workshops with adults and youth, as well as an active online community of participants, have ensured wide adoption of Grassroots Mapping practices.

by Jeffrey Yoo Warren.

S.M.

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