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Ground-water microbiology and geochemistry

Author: Frank Chapelle
Publisher: New York : Wiley, ©1993.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The difficult struggle to protect our valuable ground-water resources necessarily involves scientists and engineers from many disciplines. To prevail in this effort, these practitioners - including microbiologists, hydrogeologists, geoscientists, and environmental engineers - must have a common understanding of essential ground-water quality issues and problems. That includes a basic grasp of how microorganisms and  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Chapelle, Frank.
Ground-water microbiology and geochemistry.
New York : Wiley, ©1993
(OCoLC)622590672
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Frank Chapelle
ISBN: 0471529516 9780471529514
OCLC Number: 25552527
Description: xix, 424 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: Overview of Microbiology --
History, Geology, and Microbiology --
Geology--An Observational Science --
Microbiology--An Experimental Science --
Ground-Water Chemistry and Subsurface Microbiology --
Subsurface Microbiology and the Geosciences --
Subsurface Microbiology and Microbial Ecology --
Subsurface Microbiology and Contaminant Biodegradation --
Microorganisms Present in the Ground-Water Environment --
The Bacteria --
The Eucarya --
Eucaryotes in Ground-Water Systems --
The Archaea --
The Viruses --
Viral Ecology --
Viruses in Ground-Water Systems --
Bacteria in Ground-Water Systems --
Classifying Bacteria --
Gram-Negative Bacteria Found in Ground-Water Systems --
Gram-Positive Bacteria in Ground-Water Systems --
Bacterial Growth --
Bacterial Reproduction --
Population Growth Kinetics --
Environmental Conditions and Bacterial Growth --
Temperature --
Water --
Molecular Oxygen --
pH --
Osmotic Pressure --
Techniques for Culturing Bacteria --
Design of Growth Media --
Isolating Bacteria from Environmental Samples --
Enumerating Bacteria --
Viable Counting Procedures --
Direct Counting Procedures --
Bacterial Metabolism --
Thermodynamics and Bacterial Metabolism --
ATP Synthesis-Storing Energy --
Electron Transport Systems--Releasing Energy --
Chemiosmosis--Harnessing Energy from Electron Transport --
The Role of Enzymes --
Energy-Releasing Pathways of Geochemical Importance --
Lactate and Acetate Fermentations --
Ferredoxins and the Production of Hydrogen and Acetate in Fermentation --
Methanogenic Pathways.
Responsibility: Francis H. Chapelle.
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Abstract:

This advanced-level textbook describes the microbial processes found in ground-water systems from the perspective of their effect on water chemistry and quality.  Read more...

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    schema:description "The difficult struggle to protect our valuable ground-water resources necessarily involves scientists and engineers from many disciplines. To prevail in this effort, these practitioners - including microbiologists, hydrogeologists, geoscientists, and environmental engineers - must have a common understanding of essential ground-water quality issues and problems. That includes a basic grasp of how microorganisms and microbial processes affect the chemistry of ground water in both pristine and chemically stressed aquifer systems. Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry marks the first attempt to bridge the historical lack of communication among these disciplines by detailing - in language that cuts across specialties - the impact of microorganisms and microbial processes on ground-water systems. To bring these diverse practitioners together, the book has been organized in three parts, with each section addressing the information needs of specific disciplines. The first six chapters of Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry provide an overview of microbiology that's geared to geoscientists who may lack formal training in the field. Here, the book systematically covers the kinds of microorganisms found in subsurface environments, focusing on their growth, metabolism, genetics, and ecology. The second part of the book, which covers four chapters, speaks both to geoscientists and to microbiologists. It offers a hydrologic perspective on how microbial processes affect ground-water geochemistry in pristine systems - an important topic for geochemists since most ground-water reservoirs have not been chemically affected by human activities, and naturally occurring microbial processes have major impacts on water quality. At the same time, Part Two introduces microbiologists to the different classes of ground-water systems, and gives an overview of techniques for sampling subsurface environments. In addition, microbiologists gain an understanding of biogeochemical cycling in ground-water systems - in coverage that's unique to this book - and of the classic geochemical modeling techniques that are used to study microbial processes. The final three chapters of Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry focus in on microbial processes in contaminated ground - water systems - a topic of central concern to environmental scientists. In this concluding section, microbiologists see how degradation processes depend upon the hydrologic and geochemical environments within which they operate. Having achieved a basic knowledge of microbiological and biochemical concepts from the earlier chapters, geoscientists are fully prepared for this treatment of microbial acclimation and the biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons and halogenated compounds. Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry is as graphically impressive as it is far reaching. High-quality, computer-generated illustrations, of particular appeal to visually oriented geoscientists, can be found throughout the book. Equally important is the book's unusually comprehensive bibliography, which, like the text itself, spans the relevant science and engineering disciplines. The importance of Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry to geoscientists, hydrologists, and environmental scientists has been amply documented. The book should also be required reading for water planners and lawyers involved in environmental issues. It will also serve as a compelling text in upper undergraduate and graduate courses in ground-water chemistry."@en ;
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