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Group duties : their existence and their implications for individuals

Author: Stephanie Collins
Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2019.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : First editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
Moral duties are regularly attributed to groups. In the media or on the street, we might hear that a specific country has a moral duty to defend human rights, that environmentalists have a moral duty to push for global systemic reform, or that the affluent have a moral duty to alleviate poverty. Do such attributions make conceptual sense or are they mere political rhetoric? And what does that imply for the  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Electronic version:
Collins, Stephanie.
Group duties.
Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2019
(OCoLC)1106536206
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Stephanie Collins
ISBN: 0198840276 9780198840275
OCLC Number: 1083878851
Description: x, 218 pages ; 23 cm
Contents: 1 The tripartite model : Introducing the tripartite model --
Nearby issues --
The tripartite distinction --
The scope of the model. 2 Arguments for combinations' and coalitions' duties : Introduction --
Five arguments for combinations' and coalitions' duties --
Combinations and coalitions as moral agents --
Conclusion. 3 Against combinations' and coalitions' duties : Introduction --
The ability argument --
The decision argument --
Conclusion. 4 Coordination duties : Introduction --
Responsiveness --
Collectivization --
The coordination principle --
Conclusion. 5 Differentiating combinations and coalitions : Introduction --
The hi-lo example --
I and we: frames and reasoning --
Different duties in coalitions and combinations --
Conclusion. 6 Collectives and their duties : Introduction --
Characterizing collectives --
The permissiveness of the account --
The irreducibility of collectives' duties --
Conclusion. 7 Membership dues : Introduction --
Do collectives' duties imply members' duties? --
Existing accounts of membership duties --
The structure of membership duties --
Conclusion. Reference --
Index.
Responsibility: Stephanie Collins.

Abstract:

Moral duties are regularly attributed to groups. Does this make conceptual sense or is this merely political rhetoric? And what are the implications for these individuals within groups? Collins  Read more...

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Reference -- Index.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Moral duties are regularly attributed to groups. In the media or on the street, we might hear that a specific country has a moral duty to defend human rights, that environmentalists have a moral duty to push for global systemic reform, or that the affluent have a moral duty to alleviate poverty. Do such attributions make conceptual sense or are they mere political rhetoric? And what does that imply for the individual members of these groups? Group Duties offers the first comprehensive answer to these questions. Stephanie Collins defends a Tripartite Model of group duties--so-called because it divides groups into three fundamental categories. First, we have combinations--collections of agents that don\'t have any goals or decision-making procedures in common. These groups cannot bear moral duties. Instead, we should re-cast their purported duties as a series of duties, one held by each agent in the combination. Each duty demands its bearer to \'I-reason\': to do the best they can, given whatever they happen to believe the others will do. Second, there are groups whose members share goals but lack decision-making procedures. These are coalitions. Coalitions also cannot bear duties, but their alleged duties should be replaced with members\' several duties to \'we-reason\': to do one\'s part in a particular group pattern of actions, on the presumption that others will do likewise. Third and finally, collectives have group-level procedures for making decisions. They can bear duties. Collectives\' duties imply duties for collectives\' members to use their role in the collective with a view to the collective doing its duty. 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