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Guild & state : European political thought from the twelfth century to the present

Author: Antony Black
Publisher: London : Taylor and Francis, 2017.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : First editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Guild and State examines the values of social solidarity and fraternity that emerged from medieval guilds and city-communes, and the effect of traditional corporate organization of labor on socioeconomic attitudes and theories of the state. What ordinary guildsmen and townsmen thought about these issues can be gleaned from chronicles, charters, and reported slogans. But in tracing attitudes toward the guilds of  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
History
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Antony Black
ISBN: 9780203790373 0203790375 9781351516549 135151654X
OCLC Number: 1004350581
Description: 1 online resource : text file, PDF
Contents: Part PART I FROM 1050 TO THE REFORMATION --
chapter 1 THE GUILD: HISTORY --
chapter 2 THE GUILD: ETHOS AND DOCTRINE --
chapter 3 CIVIL SOCIETY --
chapter 4 THE ETHOS OF THE EARLY TOWNS (COMMUNES) UP TO 1250 --
chapter 5 GUILD POLITIES AND URBAN IDEOLOGY, 1250-1550 --
chapter 6 GUILD AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN MEDIEVAL POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY --
chapter 7 MARSIGLIO OF PADUA: A PHILOSOPHY OF THE CORPORATE STATE --
chapter 8 THE ITALIAN HUMANISTS: CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE REPUBLIC --
chapter 9 GUILD AND CITY IN THE GERMAN REFORMATION --
part PART II FROM THE REFORMATION TO THE FRENCH REVOLUTION --
chapter 10 GUILDS AND POLITICAL CULTURE --
chapter 11 THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE GUILD: BODIN AND ALTHUSIUS --
chapter 12 CITY, CORPORATION AND NATION --
chapter 13 CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE STATE --
part PART III FROM THE FRENCH REVOLUTION TO THE PRESENT --
chapter 14 GUILDS AND TRADE UNIONS: THE ETHOS OF MUTUAL AID --
chapter 15 THE IDEAL OF CO-OPERATIVE PRODUCTION --
chapter 16 THE ROMANTIC PHILOSOPHY OF COMMUNITY --
chapter 17 THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE CORPORATION: HEGEL --
chapter 18 FELLOWSHIP AND COMMUNITY: GIERKE AND TÖNNIES --
chapter 19 DURKHEIM AND MOderN CORPORATISM.
Responsibility: Antony Black ; with a new preface, introduction and conclusion by the author.

Abstract:

"Guild and State examines the values of social solidarity and fraternity that emerged from medieval guilds and city-communes, and the effect of traditional corporate organization of labor on socioeconomic attitudes and theories of the state. What ordinary guildsmen and townsmen thought about these issues can be gleaned from chronicles, charters, and reported slogans. But in tracing attitudes toward the guilds of early Germanic times to today's equivalent-trade unions-a distinction must be made between popular "ethos" and learned "philosophy." In Europe, from the twelfth to the seventeenth centuries, the corporate organization of labor and of town-market communities developed side-by-side with the ideals of personal liberty, market freedom, and legal equality. Self-governing labor organizations and civil freedom developed together as coherent practices. The values of mutual aid and craft honor on the one hand, and of personal freedom and legal equality on the other, formed the moral infrastructure of our civilization. Alternate ideals balanced, harmonized, and even cross-fertilized one another-as in the principle of freedom of association. Contrary to preconceptions, however, corporate values were seldom expressed philosophically in the Middle Ages. Political theory and the world of learning from the start emphasized liberal values. It was only after the Reformation that guild and communal values found expression in political theory. Even then only a few philosophers acknowledged that solidarity and exchange-the poles around which the values of guild and civil society, respectively, rotate-are not opposites but complementary, and attempted to weave these together into a texture as tough and complex as that of urban society itself. By showing that the ideals of social solidarity and workers' rights have often been intertwined with liberty and equality rather than in opposition to them, this book provides an unexpected explanation and rationale for the "Third Way." The Enlightenment and industrialization led to an apotheosis of liberal values. Guilds disappeared and were only in part replaced by labor unions; the values of market exchange have since been in the ascendant-though Hegel, Durkheim, and more recently, advocates of liberal corporatism maintain the possibility of a symbiosis between corporate and liberal values. In Guild and State there emerges an alternative history of political thought, which will be fascinating to the general as well as the specialist reader."--Provided by publisher.

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