Handbook of adhesives and sealants (Book, 2000) [WorldCat.org]
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Handbook of adhesives and sealants

Handbook of adhesives and sealants

Author: E M Petrie
Publisher: New York : McGraw-Hill, 2000
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats

Shows designers and others the ins and outs of using adhesives and sealants. This book gives details on adhesive and sealant selection and use - with data on how they perform in their end-use. It  Read more...


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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: E M Petrie
ISBN: 0070498881 9780070498884
OCLC Number: 471515914
Description: 23, 880 s
Contents: Preface An Introduction to Adhesives and Sealants Introduction Fundamentals of adhesives and sealants Importance of adhesives and sealants Definitions Important factors for successfully using adhesives and sealants Nature of the technologies related to adhesives and sealants Markets and applications History Current markets Market trends and drivers Adhesive and sealant industries Advantages and disadvantages of adhesive bonding Competitive methods Mechanical advantages Design advantages Production advantages Other advantages Mechanical limitations Design limitations Production limitations Other limitations Combining adhesive and mechanical fastening Functions of sealants Mechanical considerations Adhesion properties Design considerations Chemical effects Production considerations Basic mechanisms General requirements for all adhesives and sealants Surface condition Wetting the substrate Solidification of the adhesives or sealant Forming an impervious joint Joint design Selection and control of materials and manufacturing processes Mechanism of bond failure General materials and processes Materials used for adhesives and sealants Manufacturing processes for adhesives and sealants End-use processes for adhesives and sealants Sources of information Theories of Adhesion Introduction Forces involved in adhesion Adhesive and cohesive forces The concept of surface energy Work of adhesion and cohesion Bond failure energy Surface attachment theory of joint strength Theories of adhesion Adsorption theory Mechanical theory Electrostatic and diffusion theories Weak-boundary-layer theory Stages in an adhesive's or a sealant's life Application and Wetting Setting or solidification Localized stress Setting stresses due to thermal expansion differences Setting stresses due to shrinkage of the adhesive or sealant Operation in service Short term effects Long term effects Special mechanisms related to sealants Polymer material interactions Polymeric materials Properties important for adhesives and sealants Properties important for adhesion Properties affecting cohesion Surface and interface interactions Boundary layer theory Interphase region Joint Design Introduction Types of stress Tensile and compressive stress Shear stress Cleavage and peel stress Maximizing joint efficiency Adhesive properties Adhesive thickness Effect of bond area geometry Adherend properties General joint design rules Common adhesive joint designs Joints for flat adherends Butt joints Lap joints Strap joints Stiffening joints and other methods of reducing peel stress Cylindrical joints Angle and corner joints Plastic and elastomer joints Flexible plastics and elastomers Reinforced plastics Wood joints Sealant joint efficiency Stress distribution in butt joints Elastic sealants Deformable sealants Shear joints Common sealant joint designs Butt joints Lap joints Standard Test Methods Introduction Reasons to test and basic principles Fundamental material property tests Adhesives and sealants Viscosity Shelf life Working life Tack Cure rate Hardness Solids content Adherends and other materials used in the bonding process Standard test methods for adhesive joints Tensile tests Lap-shear tests Peel tests Cleavage tests Fatigue tests Impact tests Creep tests Environmental tests Standard test methods for sealant joints Movement capability Peel adhesion Tear strength Compression set resistance and creep Environmental tests Prototype and non-standard test methods Specifications and standards Quality Control and Nondestructive Tests Introduction Quality control Pre-manufacturing processes Quality control of the incoming materials Quality control of surface treatment Quality control of the bonding process Bond inspection Destructive testing Non-destructive testing Visual inspection Tap test Proof tests Ultrasonic inspection Other NDT methods Testing of failed joints for cause of failure Surfaces and Surface Preparation Introduction Nature of substrate surfaces Metallic surfaces Polymeric surfaces Other surfaces Surface treatment Importance of surface treatment Choosing the surface treatment Evaluation of treated parts before and after bonding Substrate equilibrium Passive surface preparation methods Passive chemical surface treatment Solvent cleaning Chemical cleaning Other cleaning methods Passive mechanical treatment Active surface treatments Active chemical surface treatments Chemical treatment of metal surfaces Chemical treatment of polymeric surfaces Active physical surface treatments for polymeric materials Corona discharge Flame treatment Plasma treatment Other physical surface treatments for polymers Specific surface treatments Metallic adherends Plastic adherends Polymeric composite adherends Elastomeric adherends Other adherends Primers and Adhesion Promoters Introduction Primers Application and use Primers for metal substrates Primers for polymeric substrates Primers for unvulcanized elastomers Adhesion promoters Silane adhesion promoters Titanates, zirconates, and others Adhesive Classification Introduction Basic classification Function Chemical composition Thermosetting adhesives Thermoplastic adhesives Elastomeric adhesives Hybrid adhesives Method of reaction Chemical reaction Multiple part adhesive systems Single component systems that cure via catalyst or hardener Moisture curing adhesives UV/light curing adhesives Adhesives catalyzed by the substrate Adhesives in solid form (tape, film, powder) Solvent or water loss Contact adhesives Pressure sensitive adhesives Reactivatable adhesives Resinous solvent adhesives Hardening from the melt Physical form Pastes and liquids Two-part solventless One-part solventless Solvent-based adhesives Water-based adhesives Solid forms Tape and film Powdered adhesives Hot melt forms Cost Specific adherends and method of applications Adhesive Composition and Formulation Introduction Adhesive composition Adhesives formulation Controlling flow Extending temperature range Improving toughness Lowering the coefficient of thermal expansion Reducing shrinkage Increasing tack Modifying electrical and thermal conductivity Commercial formulations Adhesive Families Introduction Classification methods Structural adhesives Epoxies Epoxy resins Curing agents Epoxy hybrids Toughened epoxies Epoxy-phenolic Epoxy-nylon Epoxy-polysulfide Epoxy-vinyl Resorcinol formaldehyde and phenol resorcinol formaldehyde Melamine formaldehyde and urea formaldehyde Phenolics Modified phenolics Nitrile-phenolic Vinyl-phenolic Neoprene-phenolic Polyaromatic high temperature resins Polyimide Bismaleimide Polybenzimidazole Polyesters Polyurethanes


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