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Harmonies of Disorder : Norbert Wiener: A Mathematician-Philosopher of Our Time.

Author: Leone Montagnini
Publisher: Cham : Springer, 2017.
Series: Springer biographies.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book presents the entire body of thought of Norbert Wiener (1894-1964), knowledge of which is essential if one wishes to understand and correctly interpret the age in which we live. The focus is in particular on the philosophical and sociological aspects of Wiener's thought, but these aspects are carefully framed within the context of his scientific journey. Important biographical events, including some that  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Biography
Electronic book
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Montagnini, Leone.
Harmonies of Disorder : Norbert Wiener: A Mathematician-Philosopher of Our Time.
Cham : Springer International Publishing, ©2017
Named Person: Norbert Wiener; Norbert Wiener
Material Type: Biography, Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Leone Montagnini
ISBN: 9783319506579 3319506579
OCLC Number: 1002025348
Notes: 7.11 Meanwhile, Wiener with Pitts, Bigelow, and von Neumann.
Description: 1 online resource (319 pages).
Contents: Foreword; A Baedeker for our Challenging and Troubled Times; Contents; Abbreviations for Archives; Introduction; (1894-1918); 1 Formative Years; 1.1 Family Roots; 1.2 Clay of New England; 1.3 Child Prodigy; 1.4 From Evolutionary Positivism to Pragmatism; 1.5 In the Temple of American Philosophy; 1.6 The Positivistic Idealism of Santayana; 1.7 The Idealism of Royce; 1.8 Royce's Seminar on Scientific Method; 2 The Young Philosopher of Mathematics; 2.1 The Choice of the Philosophy of Mathematics; 2.2 Bertrand Russell; 2.3 The Term Under Husserl; 2.4 Philosophy of Relativism. 2.5 A Future Mathematician with a Future Poet: Wiener and Eliot2.6 Wiener's Logical Research and the "No" from Harvard; 2.7 The University of Maine; 2.8 Collaboration with the Encyclopedia Americana; (1919-1939); 3 Interwar Scientific Research; 3.1 An Unorthodox Mathematical Education; 3.2 From Harvard University to Massachusetts Institute of Technology; 3.3 Wiener's First Steps in Mathematical Research; 3.4 Wiener's New Esthetic Sense in Science; 3.5 The Influence of Peirce via Royce on Wiener's Science; 3.6 Wiener's Leibnizian Framework. 3.7 Pragmatic Factors in the Fertility of Wiener's Science3.8 Researches Alongside Engineers; 3.9 Participation in Projects to Build Technical Equipments; 3.10 Research Alongside Physicists; 4 Reflections on Science and Technology; 4.1 Mathematics as a Fine Art; 4.2 The Relation with the Natural Philosophy of J.B.S. Haldane; 4.3 Arturo Rosenblueth; 4.4 John von Neumann; 4.5 "The Role of the Observer"; 4.6 "The Shattered Nerves of Europe"; 4.7 Thinking Technology: Matter and Energy; (1940-1945); 5 Wiener and the Computer. Act One; 5.1 Wiener's Principles for a High Speed Computing Machine. 5.2 Wiener's Numerical Method5.3 The Choice of a Digital and High Speed Architecture; 5.4 The PDE Project Packed Away in Camphor Balls; 6 The Research Project on "Anti-aircraft Directors"; 6.1 Anti-aircraft Directors: A Strategic Project; 6.2 An Eccentric Idea; 6.3 Carrying out Research; 6.4 The First Synthesis: Inclusion of Control in Communication Engineering; 6.5 The Second Synthesis: Inclusion of Communication in Statistics; 6.6 The Role of Living Organisms in this Research; 6.7 "Behavior, Purpose, and Teleology"; 6.8 The Epilogue of the Research on A.A. Directors. 6.9 The Paternity of Discoveries and Inventions7 Wiener and Computers. Act 2; 7.1 From the NDRC to the OSRD: The Time of Designers and Developers; 7.2 McCulloch and Pitts; 7.3 "A Logical Calculus" and Turing Machines; 7.4 The Collaboration Between Pitts and Wiener; 7.5 The Manhattan Project and the Los Alamos Laboratory; 7.6 Von Neumann's Search for Computing Resources; 7.7 Was Wiener Involved in Work for the Manhattan Project?; 7.8 A First Phase of Cooperation: January-July 1944; 7.9 The ENIAC Before von Neumann; 7.10 The ENIAC from von Neumann's Arrival.
Series Title: Springer biographies.
Other Titles: Armonie del disordine.

Abstract:

This book presents the entire body of thought of Norbert Wiener (1894-1964), knowledge of which is essential if one wishes to understand and correctly interpret the age in which we live. The focus is in particular on the philosophical and sociological aspects of Wiener's thought, but these aspects are carefully framed within the context of his scientific journey. Important biographical events, including some that were previously unknown, are also highlighted, but while the book has a biographical structure, it is not only a biography. The book is divided into four chronological sections, the first two of which explore Wiener's development as a philosopher and logician and his brilliant interwar career as a mathematician, supported by his philosophical background. The third section considers his research during World War II, which drew upon his previous scientific work and reflections and led to the birth of cybernetics. Finally, the radical post-war shift in Wiener's intellectual path is considered, examining how he came to abandon computer science projects and commenced ceaseless public reflections on the new sciences and technologies of information, their social effects, and the need for responsibility in science.

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