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Head injury simulation in road traffic accidents

Author: Fábio A O Fernandes; Ricardo Alves de Sousa; Mariusz Ptak
Publisher: Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2018.
Series: SpringerBriefs in applied sciences and technology
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In this work the development of a new geometrically detailed finite element head model is presented. Special attention is given to sulci and gyri modelling, making this model more geometrically accurate than others currently available. The model was validated against experimental data from impact tests on cadavers, specifically intracranial pressure and brain motion. Its potential is shown in an accident  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Fábio A O Fernandes; Ricardo Alves de Sousa; Mariusz Ptak
ISBN: 9783319899268 3319899260 3319899252 9783319899251
OCLC Number: 1033404422
Description: 1 online resource (xii, 98 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Contents: Intro; Acknowledgements; Contents; Acronyms; 1 Finite Element Head Modelling and Head Injury Predictors; 1.1 Head Injury Criteria and Thresholds; 1.1.1 Injury Criteria Based on Stresses and Strains in the Brain Tissue; 1.2 Finite Element Head Models; References; 2 Development of a New Finite Element Human Head Model; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Methods and Materials; 2.2.1 Geometric Modelling; 2.2.2 Description of the YEAHM; 2.2.3 Material Modelling; 2.2.4 Contact and Boundary Conditions; References; 3 Validation of YEAHM; 3.1 Simulation of Impacts on Cadavers. 3.1.1 Intracranial Pressure Response Validation3.1.2 Influence of Mesh Quality on the Results; 3.1.3 Brain Motion Validation; References; 4 Application of Numerical Methods for Accident Reconstruction and Forensic Analysis; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Vulnerable Road User Impact-Pedestrian Kinematics; 4.3 Case Study-Pedestrian Accident Analysis; 4.3.1 Audi TT Vehicle Measurement; 4.3.2 Material Testing and Verification; 4.4 Finite Element Vehicle Model; 4.5 MultiBody Dummy Model; 4.6 Vehicle-to-Pedestrian Impact Configuration; 4.7 Analysis of the Results; 4.8 Head to Windshield Impact. 4.8.1 Geometry Acquisition4.8.2 Boundary Conditions; 4.8.3 Windshield Modeling; 4.8.4 Analysis of the Results for Head-to-Windshield Impact-Biomechanical Perspective; 4.9 Conclusions; References.
Series Title: SpringerBriefs in applied sciences and technology
Responsibility: Fábio A.O. Fernandes, Ricardo J. Alves de Sousa, Mariusz Ptak.

Abstract:

In this work the development of a new geometrically detailed finite element head model is presented. Special attention is given to sulci and gyri modelling, making this model more geometrically  Read more...

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