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The history of Ptolemy's star catalogue

Author: Gerd Grasshoff
Publisher: New York : Springer-Verlag, ©1990.
Series: Studies in the history of mathematics and physical sciences, 14.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Ptolemy's Almagest shares with Euclid's Elements the glory of being the scientific text longest in use. The cautious emancipation of the late middle ages and the revolutionary creation of the new  Read more...

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Genre/Form: Verzeichnis
History
Catalogs
Named Person: Ptolemy; Ptolemaeus; Claudius Ptolemaeus; Claude 0090?-0168? Ptolémée; Claudius Ptolemaeus
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Gerd Grasshoff
ISBN: 0387971815 9780387971810 3540971815 9783540971818
OCLC Number: 20596199
Description: ix, 347 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
Contents: 1 The Stars of the Almagest.- 1.1 The Documents.- 1.1.1 Persons.- 1.1.2 Methodological Background.- 1.1.3 The Almagest on Fixed Stars.- 1.2 The Arabic Revision of the Almagest.- 2 Accusations.- 2.1 Tycho Brahe.- 2.2 Laplace and Lalande.- 2.3 Delambre's Investigations.- 3 The Rehabilitation of Ptolemy.- 3.1 The Number of Hipparchan Stars.- 3.2 Supplementary Catalogues.- 3.2.1 Bjoernbo's New Catalogue.- 3.2.2 Dreyer's 1/4 Degree Stars.- 3.2.3 Dreyer II.- 3.2.4 Fotheringham.- 3.3 The Reconstruction of the Hipparchan Catalogue.- 3.3.1 The Determination of the Precession.- 3.3.2 Dreyer's 1/4 degree stars.- 3.3.3 Peters' Hypotheses of two Observation Instruments.- 3.3.4 Graduation of the Astrolabe.- 3.3.5 The Epoch of Observation for the Hipparchan Coordinates.- 3.4 Gundel's List of Hipparchan Stars.- 3.5 Precession and Solar Theory.- 3.5.1 Pannekoek's Calculation of Precession.- 3.5.2 The Hipparchan Solar Theory.- 3.6 Accusations.- 3.6.1 The Observation of Regulus and Spica.- 3.6.2 The Measurements of Declination.- 3.6.3 Stellar Positions from Occultations by the Moon.- 3.6.4 Fraction of the Degrees.- 4 The Analysis of the Star Catalogue.- 4.1 The Catalogue in the Almagest.- 4.1.1 Critical Edition of the Catalogue.- 4.1.2 Recalculation of the Coordinates for the time of Hipparchus.- 4.1.3 Identification of Stars.- 4.1.4 Errors in the Almagest.- 4.2 Criticism of Vogt.- 4.2.1 Vogt's Interpretation of Delambre's Precession Table.- 4.2.2 Reconstruction of Coordinates.- 4.2.3 The Accuracy of the Reconstructed Coordinates.- 4.2.4 Vogt's Proof of Independent Observations.- 4.2.5 Statistical Test for Independent Data.- 4.2.6 Dating.- 4.3 Gundel's Stars.- 5 Structures in Ptolemy's Star Catalogue.- 5.1 Star Maps.- 5.2 Multiple Sources.- 5.2.1 Dreyer's Paradigm.- 5.3 Method of Selective Error Distribution.- 5.3.1 Cluster-Analysis.- 5.4 Errors of the Solar Theory.- 5.5 Fractions of Degree.- 5.5.1 Fractions of Degrees in Latitude.- 5.5.2 Fractions of Degree in Longitude.- 5.6 Hipparchus' Commentary on Aratus.- 5.6.1 Sources.- 5.6.2 Numerical Values.- 5.7 Calculation of Phenomena.- 5.7.1 Local Sidereal Time.- 5.7.2 Simultaneous Rising and Setting.- 5.7.3 Culmination.- 5.8 Deviations from Reality.- 5.8.1 Comparing two Catalogues.- 5.8.2 From Observation to Phenomena.- 5.8.3 New Ways of Comparison.- 5.8.4 The Globe.- 5.8.5 More Details.- 5.9 Reconstruction.- 6 Theory and Observation.- 6.1 The Aristotelian Heritage.- 6.2 The Uncertainty of Empirical Data.- 6.3 Radical Empiricism.- 6.4 Holistic Rationalism.- 7 Appendix A.- 7.1 Stars and Constellations.- 7.2 Identifications.- 8 Appendix B.- 8.1 Transformation Formulae.- 8.2 Column Headings.- 9 Appendix C.- 9.1 Column Headings.- 10 Literature.- 11 Index.
Series Title: Studies in the history of mathematics and physical sciences, 14.
Responsibility: Gerd Grasshoff.
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"Grasshoff presents a detailed study of the catalog starting with its history and then details the various controversies over the catalog from Tycho through Dreyer and R.R. Newton. His analysis Read more...

 
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