The Holy See and Hitler's Germany (Book, 2007) []
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The Holy See and Hitler's Germany

The Holy See and Hitler's Germany

Author: Gerhard Besier; Francesca Piombo
Publisher: Basingstoke [England] ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
There has always been a general assumption that Pius XI (1922-1939) and Pius XII (1939-1958) failed to speak out against the crimes perpetrated by the Nazis and the extermination of the Jews that took place throughout Europe. The Vatican, an institution shrouded in mystery, has only recently made its archives accessible to the public. The authors of this book were the first non-Catholics to view the files  Read more...
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Named Person: Pius, Pope; Pius, Pope; Pie, (pape ;
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Gerhard Besier; Francesca Piombo
ISBN: 1403988315 9781403988317
OCLC Number: 80361268
Language Note: Translated from the German.
Notes: Translated from the German.
Description: xi, 300 pages ; 23 cm
Contents: The German and European Policy of the Vatican 1904-20. Eugenio Pacelli: State-Church lawyer, diplomat and specialist in canon law ; Pacelli becomes Apostolic Nuncio in Munich (1917) and represents the Pope's pease initiative ; The attitude of the Munich Nuncio towards the Bavarian revolution and the concerns of the Holy See for a just peace ; The establishment of an embassy of the German Reich to the Holy See and the Berlin Nunciature (1920) ; The Hitler putsch and Pacelli's removal to Berlin. --
Vatican Foreign Policy 1920-29. Catholic nationalism in Poland and the role of Achille Ratti ; Vatican negotiations with Soviet Russia ; The Holy See between Germany and Poland ; Pacelli, the Centre Party and the concordat policy towards Prussia and the Reich ; The Church 'home policy' of the Vatican in Germany ; The Lateran Treaty and the reestablishment of the Church-State ; Pacelli's judgement on the Catholic Church in Germany at the end of his nunciature. --
The Foreign Policy of the Vatican under Cardinal Secretary of State Pacelli 1930-39. The first conflicts with Italian Facism; development in the Catholic parties of Germany and Austria ; First conflicts with Nazism ; 'It is God's will!' The ideal of the Catholic corporative state and the attempt to realize it in some European Catholic states ; The visits of Göring and Brüng to the Vatican ; Pius XI's understanding of the kingdom of Christ ; 'C'est mon concordat!' - the origin of the Reich Concordat (1933) ; Persecution of Jews and Catholics ; The end of the Munich nunciature ; The struggle ocer the resolutions to carry out Article 31 of the Reich Concordat relating to associations ; The Catholicizing of National Socialism? Alois Hudal's attempt at bridge-building ; Drafts of the Holy Office against the totaliarian systems (1935/36) ; The Spanish Civil War ; The three papal encyclicals of March 1937 ; The Austraian Anschluss ; The draft of encyclical on racism ; Hitler in Rome, the Instruction against Racism and the Reich Pogrom Night 1938 ; The death of Pius XI, the election of Pacelli as Pope and the threar if war ; The 'Totality of the Divine Claim to Obedience', the authoritarian Catholic ideal of the State and the totalitarian states.
Other Titles: Heilige Stuhl und Hitler-Deutschland.
Responsibility: Gerhard Besier ; with the collaboration of Francesca Piombo ; translated by W.R. Ward.
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This study takes into account the recently declassified documents in the Vatican Archives dealing with the Catholic Church's policy regarding Germany in the 1920s and 1930s, strongly defined by  Read more...


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'The wartime years of the pontificate of Pius XII (1939-1958) have triggered what are known as 'the Pius Wars', involving whether or not the Pope was unduly silent during the Holocaust. Much of this Read more...

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