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How redeployable are patent assets? : Evidence from failed startups

Author: Carlos J Serrano; Rosemarie Ham Ziedonis; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2018.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 24526.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Entrepreneurial firms are important sources of patented inventions. Yet little is known about what happens to patents “released” to the market when startups fail. This study provides a first look at the frequency and speed with which patents originating from failed startups are redeployed to new owners, and whether the value of patents is tied to the original venture and team. The evidence is based on 1,766 U.S.  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Carlos J Serrano; Rosemarie Ham Ziedonis; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 1035199830
Notes: "April 2018"
Description: 1 online resource (47 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 24526.
Responsibility: Carlos J. Serrano, Rosemarie Ziedonis.

Abstract:

Entrepreneurial firms are important sources of patented inventions. Yet little is known about what happens to patents “released” to the market when startups fail. This study provides a first look at the frequency and speed with which patents originating from failed startups are redeployed to new owners, and whether the value of patents is tied to the original venture and team. The evidence is based on 1,766 U.S. patents issued to 285 venture capital-backed startups that disband between 1988 and 2008 in three innovation-intensive sectors: medical devices, semiconductors, and software. At odds with the view that the resale market for patented inventions is illiquid, we find that most patents from these startups are sold, are sold quickly, and remain “alive” through renewal fee payment long after the startups are shuttered. The patents tend to be purchased by other operating companies in the same sector and retain value beyond the original venture and team. We do find, however, that the patents and people sometimes move jointly to a new organization following the dissolution of the original venture, and explore the conditions under which such co-movement is more likely. The study provides new evidence on a phenomenon -- of active markets for buying and selling patents -- underexplored in the literature and consequential for both entrepreneurial and established firms.

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