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How the great scientists reasoned : the scientific method in action

Author: Gary G Tibbetts; Elsevier.
Publisher: London ; Waltham, MA : Elsevier, 2013.
Series: Elsevier insights.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Electronic book
History
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Gary G Tibbetts; Elsevier.
OCLC Number: 1066504280
Description: 1 online resource (viii, 148 pages) : illustrations, maps.
Contents: 1. Introduction : humanity's urge to understand --
2. Elements of scientific thinking : skepticism, careful reasoning, and exhaustive evaluation are all vital. Science Is universal --
Maintaining a critical attitude. Reasonable skepticism --
Respect for the truth --
Reasoning. Deduction --
Induction --
Paradigm shifts --
Evaluating scientific hypotheses. Ockham's razor --
Quantitative evaluation --
Verification by others --
Statistics : correlation and causation --
Statistics : the indeterminacy of the small --
Careful definition --
Science at the frontier. When good theories become ugly --
Stuff that just does not fit --
3. Christopher Columbus and the discovery of the "Indies" : it can be disastrous to stubbornly refuse to recognize that you have falsified your own hypothesis --
4. Antoine Lavoisier and Joseph Priestley both test the befuddling phlogiston theory : junking a confusing hypothesis may be necessary to clear the way for new and productive science --
5. Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction but fails to unify electromagnetism and gravitation : it is usually productive to simplify and consolidate your hypotheses --
6. Wilhelm Röntgen intended to study cathode rays but ended up discovering X-rays : listen carefully when Mother Nature whispers in your ear : she may be leading you to a Nobel Prize --
7. Max Planck, the first superhero of quantum theory, saves the universe from the ultraviolet catastrophe : assemble two flawed hypotheses about a key phenomenon into a model that fits experiment exactly and people will listen to you even if you must revolutionize physics --
8. Albert Einstein attacks the problem "Are atoms real?" from every angle : solving a centuries-old riddle in seven different ways can finally resolve it --
9. Niels Bohr models the hydrogen atom as a quantized system with compelling exactness, but his later career proves that collaboration and developing new talent can become more significant than the groundbreaking research of any individual --
10. Conclusions, status of science, and lessons for our time. Conclusions from our biographies --
What thought processes lead to innovation? --
Is the scientist an outsider? --
The status of the modern scientific enterprise --
Lessons for our time --
Can the scientific method be applied to public policy? --
Why so little interest in science? --
Knowledge is never complete.
Series Title: Elsevier insights.
Other Titles: How the great scientists reasoned (Online)
Scientific method in action
Responsibility: Gary G. Tibbetts.

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