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How the Great Scientists Reasoned : the Scientific Method in Action.

Author: Gary G Tibbetts
Publisher: Burlington : Elsevier Science, 2012.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The scientific method is one of the most basic and essential concepts across the sciences, ensuring that investigations are carried out with precision and thoroughness. The scientific method is often taught as a step-by-step approach, but real examples from history are not always given. This book teaches the basic modes of scientific thought, not by philosophical generalizations, but by illustrating in detail how  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
History
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Gary G Tibbetts
ISBN: 9780123985040 0123985048
OCLC Number: 815391043
Description: 1 online resource (159 pages)
Contents: Front Cover --
How the Great Scientists Reasoned --
Copyright Page --
Dedication --
Contents --
Acknowledgments --
1 Introduction: Humanity's Urge to Understand --
2 Elements of Scientific Thinking: Skepticism, Careful Reasoning, and Exhaustive Evaluation Are All Vital --
2.1 Science Is Universal --
2.2 Maintaining a Critical Attitude --
2.2.1 Reasonable Skepticism --
2.2.2 Respect for the Truth --
2.3 Reasoning --
2.3.1 Deduction --
2.3.2 Induction --
2.3.3 Paradigm Shifts --
2.4 Evaluating Scientific Hypotheses --
2.4.1 Ockham's Razor --
2.4.2 Quantitative Evaluation. 2.4.3 Verification by Others --
2.4.4 Statistics: Correlation and Causation --
2.4.5 Statistics: The Indeterminacy of the Small --
2.4.6 Careful Definition --
2.5 Science at the Frontier --
2.5.1 When Good Theories Become Ugly --
2.5.2 Stuff That Just Does Not Fit --
References --
Bibliography --
3 Christopher Columbus and the Discovery of the "Indies": It Can Be Disastrous to Stubbornly Refuse to Recognize That You ... --
References --
Bibliography --
4 Antoine Lavoisier and Joseph Priestley Both Test the Befuddling Phlogiston Theory: Junking a Confusing Hypothesis May Be ... --
References. 8 Albert Einstein Attacks the Problem "Are Atoms Real?" from Every Angle: Solving a Centuries-Old Riddle in Seven Different ... --
References --
Bibliography --
9 Niels Bohr Models the Hydrogen Atom as a Quantized System with Compelling Exactness, but His Later Career Proves that ... --
References --
Bibliography --
10 Conclusions, Status of Science, and Lessons for Our Time --
10.1 Conclusions from Our Biographies --
10.2 What Thought Processes Lead to Innovation? --
10.3 Is the Scientist an Outsider? --
10.4 The Status of the Modern Scientific Enterprise --
10.5 Lessons for Our Time. 10.6 Can the Scientific Method Be Applied to Public Policy? --
10.7 Why So Little Interest in Science? --
10.8 Knowledge Is Never Complete --
References.

Abstract:

The scientific method is one of the most basic and essential concepts across the sciences, ensuring that investigations are carried out with precision and thoroughness. The scientific method is often taught as a step-by-step approach, but real examples from history are not always given. This book teaches the basic modes of scientific thought, not by philosophical generalizations, but by illustrating in detail how great scientists from across the sciences solved problems using scientific reason. Examples include Christopher Columbus, Joseph Priestly, Antoine Lavoisier, Michael Faraday, Wilhelm.

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