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How we reason

Author: Philip Nicholas Johnson-Laird
Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2008.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Good reasoning can lead to success; bad reasoning can lead to catastrophe. Yet it's not obvious how we reason, and why we make mistakes. This book by one of the pioneers of the field, Philip  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Philip Nicholas Johnson-Laird
ISBN: 9780199551330 0199551332
OCLC Number: 718503602
Description: 573 p. : illustrations
Contents: Pt. I. The world in our conscious minds. Icons and images ; Models of possibilities: from conjuring tricks to disasters. --
Pt. II. The world in our unconscious minds. Mental architecture and the unconscious ; Intuitions and unconscious reasoning ; Emotions as inferences ; Reasoning in psychological illnesses. --
Pt. III. How we make deductions. Only connections ; I'm my own grandpa: reasoning about identities and other relations ; Syllogisms and reasoning about properties ; Isn't everyone an optimist? The case of complex reasoning. --
Pt. IV. How we make inductions. Modulation: a step towards induction ; Knowledge and inductions ; Sherlock Holmes's method: Abduction. --
The balance of probabilities. Pt. V. What makes us rational. Counterexamples ; Truths, lies, and the higher reasoning. --
Pt. VI. How we develop our ability to reason. Our development ; Strategies and cultures ; How we can improve our reasoning. --
Pt. VII. Knowledge, beliefs, and problems. The puzzles of If ; Causes and obligations ; Beliefs, heresies, and changes in mind ; How we solve problems. --
Pt. VIII. Expert reasoning in technology, logic, and science. Flying bicycles: how the Wright Brothers invented the airplane ; Unwrapping an enigma ; On the mode of the communication of cholera ; Howe we reason. --
Glossary
Responsibility: Philip N. Johnson-Laird.

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Philip Johnson-Laird's Mental Model Theory owes its outstanding impact on the psychology of reasoning to its unique breadth, insightfulness, and creativity. In 'How we Reason', Johnson-Laird has Read more...

 
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