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The impact of the Philadelphia beverage tax on purchases and consumption by adults and children

Author: John H Cawley, Jr.; David E Frisvold; Anna Hill; David Jones; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2018.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 25052.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In recent years, numerous U.S. cities have enacted taxes on sweetened beverages, but there is relatively little evidence about the effects of these taxes on purchases and consumption. In this paper, we examine the effects of the beverage tax of 1.5 cents per ounce that was implemented in Philadelphia starting January 1, 2017. We surveyed individuals in Philadelphia and nearby comparison communities before the tax  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: John H Cawley, Jr.; David E Frisvold; Anna Hill; David Jones; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 1054785953
Notes: "September 2018"
Description: 1 online resource (48 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 25052.
Responsibility: John Cawley, David Frisvold, Anna Hill, David Jones.

Abstract:

In recent years, numerous U.S. cities have enacted taxes on sweetened beverages, but there is relatively little evidence about the effects of these taxes on purchases and consumption. In this paper, we examine the effects of the beverage tax of 1.5 cents per ounce that was implemented in Philadelphia starting January 1, 2017. We surveyed individuals in Philadelphia and nearby comparison communities before the tax and nearly one year after implementation of the tax about their purchases and consumption of beverages. We find that purchases of taxed beverages fell by 8.9 ounces per shopping trip in Philadelphia stores relative to comparison stores outside of the city and that Philadelphia residents increased purchases of taxed beverages outside of the city. The tax reduced adults’ frequency of regular soda consumption by 10.4 times per month, and there is some evidence of a slight reduction in adults’ overall sugar consumption from sweetened beverages, with larger reductions for African-American adults. The tax did not have a substantial effect on the frequency of adults’ consumption of other beverages. We generally do not find detectable effects of the tax on children’s consumption of beverages, although we find a substantial reduction in consumption of added sugars from sweetened beverages among children who had high pre-tax consumption levels.

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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1054785953<\/a>> # The impact of the Philadelphia beverage tax on purchases and consumption by adults and children<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a>, schema:MediaObject<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"1054785953<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/carbonated_beverages_prices_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Carbonated beverages--Prices--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/carbonated_beverages_taxation_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Carbonated beverages--Taxation--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/consumer_behavior_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Consumer behavior--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/soft_drinks_prices_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Soft drinks--Prices--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Place\/pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Pennsylvania--Philadelphia.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/carbonated_beverages_prices<\/a>> ; # Carbonated beverages--Prices<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/soft_drinks_taxation_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Soft drinks--Taxation--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/carbonated_beverages_taxation<\/a>> ; # Carbonated beverages--Taxation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/consumer_behavior<\/a>> ; # Consumer behavior<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:author<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Person\/hill_anna<\/a>> ; # Anna Hill<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:author<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Person\/cawley_john_h_jr_john_horan_1970<\/a>> ; # Jr. John Horan Cawley<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:author<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Person\/frisvold_david_e<\/a>> ; # David E. Frisvold<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:author<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Person\/jones_david<\/a>> ; # David Jones<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> schema:EBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2018<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"In recent years, numerous U.S. cities have enacted taxes on sweetened beverages, but there is relatively little evidence about the effects of these taxes on purchases and consumption. In this paper, we examine the effects of the beverage tax of 1.5 cents per ounce that was implemented in Philadelphia starting January 1, 2017. We surveyed individuals in Philadelphia and nearby comparison communities before the tax and nearly one year after implementation of the tax about their purchases and consumption of beverages. We find that purchases of taxed beverages fell by 8.9 ounces per shopping trip in Philadelphia stores relative to comparison stores outside of the city and that Philadelphia residents increased purchases of taxed beverages outside of the city. The tax reduced adults\u2019 frequency of regular soda consumption by 10.4 times per month, and there is some evidence of a slight reduction in adults\u2019 overall sugar consumption from sweetened beverages, with larger reductions for African-American adults. The tax did not have a substantial effect on the frequency of adults\u2019 consumption of other beverages. We generally do not find detectable effects of the tax on children\u2019s consumption of beverages, although we find a substantial reduction in consumption of added sugars from sweetened beverages among children who had high pre-tax consumption levels.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/5604263064<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Series\/working_paper_series_national_bureau_of_economic_research<\/a>> ; # Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Series\/nber_working_paper_series<\/a>> ; # NBER working paper series ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"The impact of the Philadelphia beverage tax on purchases and consumption by adults and children<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"1054785953<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Organization\/national_bureau_of_economic_research<\/a>> ; # National Bureau of Economic Research,<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/prod.nber.org\/papers\/w25052<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/www.nber.org\/papers\/w25052<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/dx.doi.org\/10.3386\/w25052<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1054785953<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Person\/cawley_john_h_jr_john_horan_1970<\/a>> # Jr. John Horan Cawley<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1970<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Cawley<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"John Horan<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"John H.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Jr. John Horan Cawley<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Person\/frisvold_david_e<\/a>> # David E. Frisvold<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Frisvold<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"David E.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"David E. Frisvold<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Person\/hill_anna<\/a>> # Anna Hill<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Hill<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Anna<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Anna Hill<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Person\/jones_david<\/a>> # David Jones<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Jones<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"David<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"David Jones<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/carbonated_beverages_prices<\/a>> # Carbonated beverages--Prices<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Carbonated beverages--Prices<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/carbonated_beverages_prices_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> # Carbonated beverages--Prices--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Carbonated beverages--Prices--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/carbonated_beverages_taxation<\/a>> # Carbonated beverages--Taxation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Carbonated beverages--Taxation<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/carbonated_beverages_taxation_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> # Carbonated beverages--Taxation--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Carbonated beverages--Taxation--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/consumer_behavior<\/a>> # Consumer behavior<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Consumer behavior<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/consumer_behavior_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> # Consumer behavior--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Consumer behavior--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/soft_drinks_prices_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> # Soft drinks--Prices--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Soft drinks--Prices--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5604263064#Topic\/soft_drinks_taxation_pennsylvania_philadelphia<\/a>> # Soft drinks--Taxation--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Soft drinks--Taxation--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"mau<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
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Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n