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Impact of using biomass boilers on the energy rating and CO2 emissions of Iberian Peninsula residential buildings
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Impact of using biomass boilers on the energy rating and CO2 emissions of Iberian Peninsula residential buildings

Author: Manuel Carpio; Montserrat Zamorano; Mário Costa Affiliation: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1096 Lisboa, Portugal
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:Energy & Buildings, v66 (November 2013): 732-744
Summary:
Adequate energy efficiency in any residential building calls for a number of factors to be taken into account as specified in the energy certification of buildings under European Union Directive 2002/91/EU. In particular, the heating systems are essential to optimize the use of energy, that are both efficient and environmentally sustainable, which generally imply the use of renewable energy sources. This paper  Read more...
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Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Manuel Carpio; Montserrat Zamorano; Mário Costa Affiliation: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1096 Lisboa, Portugal
ISSN:0378-7788
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 5143250897
Awards:

Abstract:

Adequate energy efficiency in any residential building calls for a number of factors to be taken into account as specified in the energy certification of buildings under European Union Directive 2002/91/EU. In particular, the heating systems are essential to optimize the use of energy, that are both efficient and environmentally sustainable, which generally imply the use of renewable energy sources. This paper examines the impact of using biomass boilers on the energy rating and CO2 emissions in six cities located in the Iberian Peninsula with different climatic conditions. The study compares the use of fossil fuels (natural gas and gasoil) and a renewable energy source (biomass) in heating and hot water systems in two types of residential buildings. The results underline the influence of the climate in reducing CO2 emissions and economic costs, and improving the energy rating. A remarkable decline of up to ≈95% in CO2 emissions may be achieved with the use of biomass, as compared to fossil fuels, with the economic savings being as much as ≈88%. It is concluded that the use of biomass can significantly improve the energy rating—in the best cases the improvement can reach four classes on a scale of seven levels.

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