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The Indian history of the Modoc War

Author: Jeff C Riddle
Publisher: Eugene, Or. : Urion Press, 1974, 1914.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Jefferson C. Davis Riddle (1863-1941) was the son of Frank Riddle and his Modoc wife, Tobey, both of whom played prominent roles in the Modoc War of 1873. Only ten years old at the time and known by his Modoc name, the young "Charka" experienced the northern California conflict firsthand. After the war his parents, who had supported the Modoc peace faction, renamed their son for the Regular army colonel who helped  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Riddle, Jeff C., 1863-1941.
Indian history of the Modoc War.
Eugene, Or. : Urion Press, 1974
(OCoLC)681469608
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Jeff C Riddle
ISBN: 0913522031 9780913522035 091352204X 9780913522042
OCLC Number: 1229612
Notes: "A Urion primary source book."
Reprint of the 1914 ed. printed by Marnell, San Francisco.
Description: 295 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Contents: Captain Jack's father and his people at home in the Tule Lake and Lost River Country --
Captain Jack's father calls Council --
Indians all attend --
Combutwaush attend also --
Legyakes ready to move against the white people --
Modoc Chief lays cause on the Pitt River Indians --
Captain Jacka, a small boy at that time, says good words for the white emigrants --
Volunteers from Rogue River, Oregon, make a trip through the Modoc Country; killing done; joined by Ben Wright and his men --
Captain Jack becomes Chief of his people --
John Schonchin, Subchief, loved by his people --
No trouble with the whites --
Jack's orders obeyed --
Jack becomes a mighty trapper --
Captain Jack and John Schonchin hold Council with their people after talk with John Fairchild --
Jack tells the men not to offer fight if the soldiers come --
"Depend on me, my people, I will do the right thing we will not be hurt." --
The shooting between Scar-Face Charley and Major Boutelle --
Captain Jack and his people all arrive safe in the Lava Beds --
Captain Jack occupies the largest cave, known nowadays as Captain Jack's Stronghold --
Indians all live in different caves --
They make preparations for war --
Colonel A.B. Meacham again reappointed Peace Commissioner --
Rev. Thomas and General E.R.S. Canby being the other two with Frank Riddle and wife, Tobey, or Wi-ne-ma, Riddle, as government interpreters --
They open up Peace Councils with Captain Jack, John Schonchin and their warriors --
The two Chiefs hold Council with their warriors all night, after the last Council with the Commissioners --
Jack taunted by some of his men, branded as a coward or a squaw --
Canby's life sealed, also Meacham's and Thomas'; Dyar and Riddle not to be spared --
Last Council, April 11, 1873 --
Canby and Dr. Thomas killed --
Colonel Meacham saved by Tobey Riddle, althoough badly wounded --
L.S. Dyar and Frank Riddle make their escape --
Tobey Riddle struck down by Boncho, a Rock Indian --
Troops advance on the Modocs April 14th --
Hard battle for three days --
Indians show good marksmanship first three days of fighting --
Indians vacate their caves the night of April 18th, 1873 --
April 26th, Wright and his company move on the Indians --
Troops routed --
May 7th, Captain Jack and all his braves go south about four miles --
Make another stand --
George, Ellen's man, killed, the bravest man among the Modocs --
His death causes trouble among the Indians --
The Modocs separate, one band went west and the other east --
Scar-Face Charley, Hooker Jim, Bogus Charley and Shanknasty Jim hired as Government Scouts, commence running to earth their own People --
Armed with nice carbines and riding fine grain fed horses, wages $100.00 per month --
These very men were eager to fight at the beginning of the Modoc War --
Colonel Mason gets orders to trail Captain Jack and Schonchin down --
Jack and his followers meet Ha-kar-gar-ush and his men and women near Steele's Swamp, Calif --
Ha-kar-gar-ush and Captain Jack make their camps together, north of Steele's Swamp a short distance --
General Wheaton with a company of cavalrymen with Scar-Face Charley and Bogus Charley as scouts takes up Captain Jack's trail near Clear Lake, California, and follow it to their camp --
They had a sharp running fight for about seven miles --
Some Indians captured at camp --
None were killed on either side --
Hooker Jim and Shaknasty Jim overtook General Wheaton and his men on the south shores of Clear Lake and told them that they saw smoke north of Steele's Swamp, California --
Wheaton dismounts his troops and sends Bogus Charley and Scarface Charley to locate Jack and Schonchin --
Jack and Schonchin and Ha-kar-gar-ush found by the two scouts --
Wheaton follows with his troops and other two scouts and surprises the Indians in camp --
Captain Jack makes his escape, but is captured the next day near the head of Langells Valley, Oregon --
Colonel Mason sends messenger to John Fairchild's Ranch, California, stating to Jeff C. Davis, who was in command at that place, holding Black Jim, Curley Headed Doctor and some sixty or seventy other Modoc prisoners, that he had Captain Jack and John Schonchin and their families and forty or fifty other prisoners --
Some at large yet --
General Jeff C. Davis starts with his prisoners second day after he learned of Captain Jack's capture, arrives safe in two days' travel at Colonel Mason's headquarters, on the peninsula, Tule Lake, California --
Six wounded Modoc prisoners shot to death by Oregon Volunteers --
All the prisoners moved to Fort Klamath, Oregon --
Curley Haired Jack kills himself the first night they camped at the lower gap on Lost River, Oregon --
Soldiers arrived at Fort Klamath on the third day from the peninsula --
Captain Jack, Schonchin, Black Jim, Boston Charley and Boncho and Slolux on trial for murder in July --
First four condemned and sentenced to be hung October 3, 1873 --
Captain Jack, John Schonchin, Black Jim and Boston Charley hung 3rd day of October, 1873 --
Boncho and Slolux, or Modoc name Elulksaltako, sent to penitentiary in California, for life --
The rest of the prisoners taken to Quapaw Agency, Indian Territory. Thus the Modoc War ends --
Biographies, Correspondence, and Official Documents.
Responsibility: by Jeff C. Riddle.

Abstract:

Jefferson C. Davis Riddle (1863-1941) was the son of Frank Riddle and his Modoc wife, Tobey, both of whom played prominent roles in the Modoc War of 1873. Only ten years old at the time and known by his Modoc name, the young "Charka" experienced the northern California conflict firsthand. After the war his parents, who had supported the Modoc peace faction, renamed their son for the Regular army colonel who helped end the hostilities. Written "to give both sides of the troubles of the Modoc Indians and the whites," The Indian History of the Modoc War vividly recounts this episode of Western history. It remains one of the most important books on the Indian Wars.

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