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Inert gases : potentials, dynamics, and energy transfer in doped crystals

Author: M L Klein; R A Aziz
Publisher: Berlin ; New York : Springer-Verlag, 1984.
Series: Springer series in chemical physics, v. 34.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Aufsatzsammlung
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Inert gases.
Berlin ; New York : Springer-Verlag, 1984
(OCoLC)624750888
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: M L Klein; R A Aziz
ISBN: 0387131280 9780387131283 3540131280 9783540131281
OCLC Number: 10348745
Description: xi, 266 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Contents: 1. Argon and Its Companions..- 1.1 Prologue: Inert, Rare or Noble?.- 1.2 Research with Inert Gases.- 1.3 Outline of the Present Book.- References.- 2. Interatomic Potentials for Rare-Gases: Pure and Mixed Interactions.- 2.1 Background.- 2.2 What Probes What?.- 2.2.1 Bulk Properties.- 2.2.2 Molecular-Beam Experiments.- 2.2.3 Spectroscopic Data.- 2.3 Review of Recent Research on Pure Interactions.- 2.3.1 Helium.- 2.3.2 Neon.- 2.3.3 Argon.- 2.3.4 Krypton.- 2.3.5 Xenon.- 2.4 Review of Recent Research on Unlike Interactions.- 2.4.1 Helium-Rare-Gas Systems (He-Ne, He-Ar, He-Kr and He-Xe).- 2.4.2 Neon-Rare-Gas Systems (Ne-Ar, Ne-Kr, Ne-Xe).- 2.4.3 Argon-Krypton, Argon-Xenon, Krypton-Xenon.- 2.5 Combining Rules.- 2.5.1 Berthelot-Lorentz Rules.- 2.5.2 Kohler Rules.- 2.5.3 Hudson-McCoubrey Rules.- 2.5.4 Fender-Halsey Rules.- 2.5.5 Sikora Rules.- 2.5.6 Hiza-Duncan Rules.- 2.5.7 Total Cross-Section Rules.- 2.6 Conclusions.- Appendix: 2.A Interatomic Potential Functions.- 2.B Interatomic Potential Parameters.- 2.C Predictions of Collisons Cross-Sections by Potentials.- References.- 3. Dynamics of Impure Rare-Gas Crystals.- 3.1 Background.- 3.2 Lattice Dynamics of Impure Crystals.- 3.2.1 Historical Review.- 3.2.2 Pure Crystals.- 3.2.3 An Isolated Impurity.- 3.2.4 Central Force-Constant Model.- 3.2.5 Far-Infrared Absorption.- 3.2.6 Mossbauer Effect.- 3.2.7 Heat Capacity.- 3.2.8 Neutron Scattering.- 3.3 Theoretical Studies.- 3.3.1 Application of the CFC Model.- a) Potentials.- b) Relaxation Effects.- c) Three-Body Forces.- d) Phonon Density of States.- 3.3.2 Computer Simulation.- 3.4 Experimental Studies.- 3.4.1 Rare Gases in RGS.- a) Argon Doped with Krypton.- b) Argon Doped with Neon.- c) Argon Doped with Helium.- d) Argon Doped with Xenon.- e) Krypton Doped with Argon.- f) Krypton Doped with Xenon.- 3.4.2 Molecules in RGS.- a) Homonuclear Diatomics.- b) Heteronuclear Diatomics.- c) RGS Doped with Methane.- 3.4.3 Matrix-Isolated Species.- a) Molecular Ions.- b) Molecules.- c) Atoms.- 3.5 Summary.- References.- 4. Spectroscopy of Vibrational and Rotational Levels of Diatomic Molecules in Rare-Gas Crystals.- 4.1 Background.- 4.2 Experimental Techniques and Results.- 4.2.1 Experimental Techniques.- a) Sample Preparation.- b) Spectroscopy (Conventional Versus Laser).- c) Saturation Spectroscopy or Hole Burning.- d) Time-Resolved Spectroscopy.- 4.2.2 Spectroscopic Studies of Ground Electronic State Molecules.- a) Vibrational Transitions.- b) Rotational Transitions.- c) Phonon Sidebands.- 4.2.3 Time-Resolved Experiments.- a) Infrared Spectroscopy.- b) Visible Spectroscopy.- 4.3 Intermolecular Interaction in Rare-Gas Crystals Containing Molecular Defects.- 4.3.1 Intermolecular Potential Between a Rare-Gas Atom and a Diatomic Molecule.- a) Atom-Atom Potential.- b) Multiparameter Potential Functions.- c) Ab Initio Potential Surfaces.- d) Charge Transfer and Hydrogen Bonding.- 4.3.2 The Interaction Hamiltonian.- a) Energy Levels.- b) Relaxation Processes.- 4.4 Perturbation of Energy Levels.- 4.4.1 Influence of a Diatomic Impurity on Lattice Energies.- a) Effect of Isotropic Terms.- b) Effect of Internal Molecular Motions.- c) Description of Lattice Vibrations Through Molecular Dynamics.- d) Phonon Sidebands in IR Spectra of the Guest Molecule.- 4.4.2 Perturbation of the Molecular Energy Levels.- a) Vibrational Matrix Shift.- b) Rotational Matrix Shift.- 4.5 Population Relaxation Processes.- 4.5.1 Radiative Relaxation.- 4.5.2 Vibrational Relaxation to Phonons.- 4.5.3 Vibration to Rotation Energy Transfer.- 4.5.4 Vibrational Energy Transfer.- a) Microscopic Processes Among Molecules in Rare-Gas Crystals.- b) Microscopic Probabilities for Vibrational Energy Transfer.- c) Macroscopic Kinetics for Vibrational Energy Transfer.- d) Comparison Between Theory and Experiment.- 4.5.5 Radiationless Rotational Relaxation.- a) The Direct Process.- b) Raman and Orbach Processes.- 4.6 Spectral Line Shapes and Dephasing Processes.- 4.6.1 Homogeneous Broadening: T1 and T2 Relaxation Processes.- 4.6.2 Vibrational Dephasing in Matrix-Isolated Molecules.- 4.6.3 Line Shape Function and Dephasing.- a) Isolated Vibrational Levels with a Large Spacing.- b) Additional Low-Energy Levels in the Molecule.- 4.6.4 Comparison Between Theory and Experiment.- 4.7 Concluding Remarks.- References.- Additional References with Titles.
Series Title: Springer series in chemical physics, v. 34.
Other Titles: Doped crystals.
Responsibility: edited by M.L. Klein ; with contributions by R.A. Aziz [and others].

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