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Informing decision-making for derailments involving hazmat : an analysis of PHMSA train accident data

Author: Michael D Heffner
Publisher: [Long Beach, California] : California State University, Long Beach, 2017.
Dissertation: M.S. California State University, Long Beach 2017
Series: California State University, Long Beach.; Master's thesis collection, School of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Emergency Management.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Document : Thesis/dissertation : eBook   Computer File : English
Summary:
Abstract: A review of literature suggests that train derailments are a statistically relevant concern. While not all train derailments involve hazardous materials, those that do release chemicals pose a public health threat. This study challenges the decision-making mainstay tool of the hazardous materials response community - the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) - and its default strategy of evacuation through  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Academic theses
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Material Type: Document, Thesis/dissertation, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Michael D Heffner
ISBN: 9780355230222 0355230224
OCLC Number: 1008896155
Description: 1 online resource (xi, 98 pages) : color illustrations
Series Title: California State University, Long Beach.; Master's thesis collection, School of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Emergency Management.
Responsibility: by Michael D. Heffner.

Abstract:

Abstract: A review of literature suggests that train derailments are a statistically relevant concern. While not all train derailments involve hazardous materials, those that do release chemicals pose a public health threat. This study challenges the decision-making mainstay tool of the hazardous materials response community - the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) - and its default strategy of evacuation through quantitative research that evaluates data from train derailments involving the release of hazardous materials. It explores whether there are correlations between a derailment's variables and evacuation, as well as correlations between the number evacuated and the number of those injured or killed. Secondary data on train derailments from the Pipeline Hazardous Material Safety Administration revealed 358 incidents involving the release of 876 substances between October 12, 1989 through August 10, 2016. The resulting data analysis confirms a certain level of predictability between causal factors and worsening outcomes supporting expansion of decision-making tools in the ERG.

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