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Innovation commons : the origin of economic growth

Author: Jason Potts
Publisher: New York, NY : Oxford University Press, [2019] ©2019
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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This book presents a new theory of what happens at the very early stages of innovation. It describes how a new technology is transformed into an entrepreneurial opportunity and becomes the origin of  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Jason Potts
ISBN: 9780190937492 0190937491 9780190937508 0190937505
OCLC Number: 1081347360
Description: xiii, 263 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: Foreword - Against Prometheus AcknowledgementsChapter 1 We innovate togetherIntroduction1.1 The origin of innovation1.2 The commons in the innovation commonsWhat is a commons?An innovation commons is a knowledge commonsCommon-pooling and peer-production in an innovation commons1.3 Clunkers and Homebrew1.4 The Republic of Letters1.5 Why groups, why cooperation, why open?Overview of bookChapter 2 The innovation problemIntroduction2.1 Trade and new knowledge explain growth2.2 The innovation problem as economic problemThe Schumpeter-Nelson-Arrow version of the innovation problem The Hayek version of the innovation problem2.3 The origin of the innovation trajectory 2.4 The economic problem of innovation 2.5 Innovation problem is a collective action problem2.6 Innovation happens in groups Discovery failure Discovery costsConclusionChapter 3 Innovation is a knowledge problemIntroduction3.1 Innovation problem I - Social contract problem (McCloskey)3.2 Innovation problem II - Distributed knowledge problem (Hayek)3.3 Innovation problem III - Idiosyncratic risk (Williamson)3.4 Innovation problem IV - Rules for cooperation (Ostrom)ConclusionChapter 4 Four theories of the innovation commonsIntroduction4.1 Two commons4.2 Evolution of cooperation4.3 Defense against enclosure4.4 Institutional uncertaintyConclusionChapter 5 Origin of the innovation trajectoryIntroduction5.1 The zero-th phase of the innovation trajectory5.2 The fundamental transformation5.3 The Proto-Entrepreneur, the Dual-Discovery Problem, and the Two Commons SolutionThe Proto-Entrepreneur seeks Non-Price InformationThe Proto-Entrepreneur faces a Dual Discovery ProblemThe Two Commons Solution5.4 Modelling the innovation commons5.5 The innovation commons in institutional space5.6 The innovation commons as higher-order discoveryConclusionChapter 6 Rules of the Innovation commonsIntroduction 6.1 Cooperation behind the veil of ignorance 6.2 An emergent social order 6.3 The use of society in knowledge6.4 Problems the innovation commons must solveIdentity, Cooperation, Consent, Monitoring, Punishment and conflict, Independence, Economic problems the rules must solve6.5 Origin of rules6.6 Core Design Principles6.7 Can evolution explain the innovation commons?Evolution of cooperationEvolution of cooperation in the commonsIs cooperation for innovation the institutional equivalent of war?The innovation commons as higher-order discovery Conclusion - We innovate togetherChapter 7 Lifecycle of an innovation commonsIntroduction7.1 Institutions of collective innovation Institutional varieties of collective innovationInstitutional transformations over an innovation trajectory7.2 Origin of industry7.3 The standard model of industry associations7.4 A new model of industry associations; private governance for discovery of public goods7.5 Industry associations construct niches7.6 The demic phase of industry associationsConclusion Chapter 8 Theory of Innovation PolicyIntroduction8.1 The innovation commons critique of modern innovation policyTheory of innovation policyMechanisms of innovation policyCritique of Innovation PolicyPolitical economy of innovation policyRules as policyInnovation policy as a public and private goods problemInnovation Policy and its discontents, a summary8.2 Discovery Failure8.3 Efficient Institutions of Innovation PolicyThe Comparative Institutional ApproachThe low social costs (and high private benefits) of innovation commons8.4 New innovation policyDiagnosing the innovation problemBenefits to groups, regions, nations, and the worldThis comes from civil societyThe innovation economy cannot be plannedConclusionChapter 9 Inclusive Innovation PolicyIntroduction9.1 Two types of innovation policy9.2 Innovation seen and unseen9.3 Against innovation: theory9.4 A better approach to innovation policy9.5 Inclusive innovation: A new social contractChapter 10 Conclusion10.1 The institutional origin of innovation10.2 Implications for economic theory10.3 The innovation sharing economyReferencesIndexFigures and TablesFigure 1.1 Economic goodsFigure 2.1 The innovation commons as the zero-th phase of an innovation trajectoryFigure 3.1 Market (choice) versus governance (contracting) models of innovation economicsFigure 3.2 Comparative institutions of innovation contractingFigure 7.1 Public and private ordering definitions of industryFigure 8.1 The Institutional Possibility Frontier (source Djankov et al 2003) Figure 8.2 Institutional possibilities of innovation policyFigure 9.1 Two innovation policy approachesFigure 9.2 Why friends of innovation prefer to engage governmentTable 2.1 The innovation problem as market failure vs collective actionTable 2.2 Transformation costs, transaction costs and discovery costsTable 2.3 Taxonomy of discovery costsTable 6.1 Design rulesTable 7.1 Institutional varieties of Collective InnovationTable 8.1 Innovation policy ranged between private and public instruments.
Responsibility: Jason Potts.

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Jason Potts` Innovation Commons is a trailblazing contribution to economics. The new theory presented in the lucidly written book holds that innovation begins with an institutional solution to the Read more...

 
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