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Instruments for suicide risk assessment

Author: Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering (Sweden),
Publisher: Stockholm : SBU-Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment, September 2015.
Series: Yellow report, no. 242E.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Identifying individuals at risk of future suicide or suicide attempts is of clinical importance. However, suicidal behaviour is complex and difficult to predict. Instruments have been developed to facilitate the assessment of the risk of future suicidal acts. Conclusions 1. None of the included studies provided scientific evidence to support that any  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Evaluation Study
Systematic Review
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering (Sweden),
OCLC Number: 1021254851
Description: 1 online resource (1 PDF file (2 pages)).
Series Title: Yellow report, no. 242E.
Responsibility: SBU-Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment.

Abstract:

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Identifying individuals at risk of future suicide or suicide attempts is of clinical importance. However, suicidal behaviour is complex and difficult to predict. Instruments have been developed to facilitate the assessment of the risk of future suicidal acts. Conclusions 1. None of the included studies provided scientific evidence to support that any instrument had sufficient accuracy to predict future suicide with 80% sensitivity and 50% specificity. 2. There is strong evidence to support that the SAD PERSONS Scale has very low sensitivity. Most persons who make future suicidal acts are not identified. 3. Research is needed to clarify if assessment of suicide risk is enhanced when an instrument is used as a complement to the global clinical assessment. To date such research is lacking. 4. More research is needed to clarify the reliability of the commonly used instruments SUAS and C-SSRS.5. As of yet there are no studies that assess whether the suicide item of the Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) can predict suicidal acts.

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