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Interfacial physical chemistry of high-temperature melts

Author: Kusuhiro Mukai; Taishi Matsushita
Publisher: Boca Raton : Taylor & Francis, a CRC title, part of the Taylor & Francis imprint, a member of the Taylor & Francis Group, the academic division of T&F Informa, plc, [2020]
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This English translation of a well-known Japanese book covers interfacial physicochemistry in materials science, especially for iron- and steelmaking processes. Interfacial Physical Chemistry of High-Temperature Melts bridges the gap between the basics and applications of physicochemistry. The book begins with an overview of the fundamentals of interfacial physical chemistry and discusses surface tension, describing  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Interfacial physical chemistry of high-temperature melts.
Boca Raton : Taylor & Francis, a CRC title, part of the Taylor & Francis imprint, a member of the Taylor & Francis Group, the academic division of T&F Informa, plc, [2020]
(DLC) 2019019492
(OCoLC)1099538602
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Kusuhiro Mukai; Taishi Matsushita
ISBN: 9780429265341 0429265344 9780429564833 042956483X 9780429555893 042955589X 9780429560361 0429560362
OCLC Number: 1111577315
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Preface to the Japanese editionPreface to the English edition1. Introduction1.1 Interfacial physical chemistry1.2 Interface-evolved world1.3 Relation to engineering2. Fundamentals of treating the interface2.1 Interface2.2 Thermodynamic treatment of the interface2.2.1 Gibbs's method2.2.2 Surface tension2.2.2.i) Thermodynamic interpretation of surface tension2.2.2.ii) Surface tension and the position of the dividing surface2.2.2.iii) Surface tension and radius of curvature2.2.2.iv) Surface tension and binding energy2.2.2.v) Surface tension and temperature2.2.2.vi) Surface tension and surface stress2.3 Mechanical treatment of interface2.3.1 Mechanical interpretation of surface tension2.3.2 Laplace's equation2.3.3 Marangoni effect2.4 Interfacial phenomena at equilibrium2.4.1 Adsorption2.4.2 Wetting2.4.2.i) Classification of wetting2.4.2.ii) Measure of wetting2.4.2.iii) Extension of wetting concept2.4.3 Effect of curvature2.4.3.i) Vapor pressure2.4.3.ii) Heat of vaporization2.4.3.iii) Melting point2.4.3.iv) Solubility2.4.3.v) Phase rule2.4.4 Nucleation2.4.4.i) Homogeneous nucleation2.4.4.ii) Heterogeneous nucleation2.5 Interfacial properties and phenomena at non-equilibrium2.5.1 Interfacial properties2.5.1.i) Surface tension2.5.1.ii) Interfacial tension2.5.1.iii) Wettability (contact angle)2.5.2 Interfacial phenomenon2.5.2.i) Nucleation rate2.5.2.ii) Marangoni effect2.5.2.iii) Dispersion2.5.2.iv) Penetration3. Interfacial property of high-temperature melts3.1 Notes on measurement values3.1.1 Measurement error3.1.2 Difficulties in measurements3.1.2.i) Surface tension of metal3.1.2.ii) Surface tension of slag3.1.2.iii) Interfacial tension between slag and metal3.1.2.iv) Wettability (contact angle)3.2 Surface/interfacial tension3.2.1 Surface tension of metal3.2.2 Surface tension of slag3.2.3 Slag/metal interfacial tension3.3 Wettability between metal and ceramics3.3.1 Characteristics of wetting between molten metal and oxide3.3.2 Effect of chemical composition of metal and oxide3.3.3 Physical form and factor of surface3.3.3.i) Surface roughness3.3.3.ii) Structure of interface3.4 Databook and review paper3.4.1 Databook3.4.2 Review4. Interfacial phenomena of high-temperature melts and materials processing4.1 Interfacial phenomena in the steel refining process4.1.1 Wetting4.1.1.i) Behavior of injected argon gas in continuous casting process4.1.1.ii) Penetration of slag and metal into refractory4.1.2 Nucleation of alumina in aluminum deoxidation processes in molten steel4.1.3 Others4.1.3.i) Dispersion4.1.3.ii) Adsorption4.2 Marangoni effect in materials processing4.2.1 Direct observation of Marangoni effect occurring in high-temperature melts4.2.1.i) Marangoni convection due to temperature gradient4.2.1.ii) Expansion and contraction of a slag droplet caused by electric potential change4.2.1.iii) Motion of slag film caused by concentration gradient4.2.2 Local corrosion of refractory4.2.2.i) Oxide refractory4.2.2.ii) Oxide-non-oxide composite refractory4.2.3 Motion of fine particles in liquid under interfacial tension gradient4.2.3.i) Motion of fine bubbles in aqueous solution under surface tension gradient4.2.3.ii) Engulfment and pushing of fine particles at the solidification interface4.2.3.iii) Clogging of immersion nozzle
Responsibility: [edited by] Kusuhiro Mukai, Taishi Matsushita.

Abstract:

This English translation of a well-known Japanese book covers interfacial physicochemistry in materials science, especially for iron- and steelmaking processes. Interfacial Physical Chemistry of High-Temperature Melts bridges the gap between the basics and applications of physicochemistry. The book begins with an overview of the fundamentals of interfacial physical chemistry and discusses surface tension, describing the derivation of important equations to guide readers to a deep understanding of the phenomenon. The book then goes on to introduce interfacial properties of high-temperature melts, especially the Marangoni effect, and discusses applications to materials processing at high temperature focusing on recent research results by the author and the co-workers. This book is aimed at researchers, graduate students, and professionals in materials processing. Video clips of in-situ observation including experiments under microgravity condition and x-ray observation are available for download on the publisher's website to allow for a deeper understanding.

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