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Introduction to astronomy by Theodore Metochites (Stoicheiosis Astronomike 1.5-30)

Author: Emmanuel A Paschos; Chrēstos Simelidēs
Publisher: New Jersey London Singapore Bejing Shanghai Hong Kong Taipei Chennai Tokyo World Scientific [2017]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Description of the celestial spheres and their rotations -- Eccentric and epicyclic models -- The uniform and anomalous rotation of the sun; right and oblique ascensions -- Determining the time and culmination of the stars at various zones of the Earth -- The obliquity -- Description of the Greek/Roman and Egyptian calendars -- Proposal for revising the Julian calendar
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Details

Genre/Form: Early works
History
Early works to 1800
Named Person: Theodoros Metochites; Theodoros Metochites; Theodorus, Metochita
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Emmanuel A Paschos; Chrēstos Simelidēs
ISBN: 9789813207486 9813207485
OCLC Number: 989728256
Description: vii, 390 Seiten Illustrationen 24 cm
Responsibility: Emmanuel A. Paschos, Technische Universitat Dortmund, Germany, Christos Simelidis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

Abstract:

Description of the celestial spheres and their rotations -- Eccentric and epicyclic models -- The uniform and anomalous rotation of the sun; right and oblique ascensions -- Determining the time and culmination of the stars at various zones of the Earth -- The obliquity -- Description of the Greek/Roman and Egyptian calendars -- Proposal for revising the Julian calendar

Stoicheiosis Astronomike ("Elements of Astronomy") is a late Byzantine comprehensive introduction to astronomy. It was written by an outstanding figure in Byzantine culture and politics, who served also as prime minister. This volume makes available for the first time a large part of its astronomical contents, offering the original text with an English translation, accompanied by an introduction and analysis. This book describes the celestial spheres, the rotation of the planets, and especially the apparent trajectory of the sun with its uniform and anomalous rotations, which are used to determine the length of the year. Metochites proposed a new starting date for the calendar (6th of October 1283) specifying the position of the sun on that date. The work revived the interest in studies of Ptolemaic astronomy as attested by numerous annotations in the margins of the manuscripts. Besides its astronomical content there are statements on the epistemological method and other issues elucidating the spirit of that age. It will be of interest as an introduction to Byzantine astronomy for historians of science and philosophy, for astronomers, and those interested in the development of calendars.

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Primary Entity

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