IP over WDM (Book, 2002) [WorldCat.org]
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IP over WDM

Author: Kevin H Liu
Publisher: New York : J. Wiley, 2002.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This is the first book to focus on IP over WDM optical networks. It not only summarizes the fundamental mechanisms and the recent development and deployment of WDM optical networks but it also details both the network and the software architectures needed to implement WDM enabled optical networks designed to transport IP traffic.
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Kevin H Liu
ISBN: 0470844175 9780470844175
OCLC Number: 49206306
Description: xxiii, 389 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: 1.1 What is a WDM-enabled Optical Network 1 --
1.1.1 TDM vs. WDM 2 --
1.1.2 WDM Optical Network Evolution 4 --
1.2 Why IP over WDM 6 --
1.3 What is IP over WDM 7 --
1.4 Next-generation Internet 11 --
1.5 IP/WDM Standardisation 14 --
1.6 Summary and Subject Overview 16 --
2 Review 19 --
2.1 Telecommunication Networks 19 --
2.2 Optical Communications 21 --
2.2.1 Optical Communication Impairments 23 --
2.2.2 Optical Switching 25 --
2.2.3 Opaque vs. Transparent Switching 28 --
2.3 WDM Network Testbed and Product Comparison 29 --
2.3.1 WDM Network Testbeds 29 --
2.3.2 Product Comparison 32 --
2.4 Communication Protocols 32 --
2.5 Internet Architecture 35 --
2.6 IPv4 Addressing 36 --
2.6.1 Subnetting 38 --
2.6.2 Unnumbered Addresses 39 --
2.6.3 Secondary Addresses 39 --
2.6.4 Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) 40 --
2.7 Gigabit Ethernet 40 --
2.7.1 Gigabit Ethernet Architecture 42 --
2.7.2 Gigabit Ethernet Applications 43 --
2.8 Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) 44 --
2.8.1 Label Distribution 46 --
2.8.2 Traffic Engineering 48 --
2.8.3 Quality of Service (QoS) 49 --
2.8.4 Virtual Private Network (VPN) 51 --
2.9 Distributed Systems 52 --
2.9.1 Design Objectives 53 --
2.9.2 Architectural Models 54 --
2.9.3 Clustering 55 --
2.9.4 API for Distributed Applications 55 --
3 Characteristics of the Internet and IP Routing 57 --
3.1 IP Router Overview 57 --
3.1.1 IPv4 Datagram 58 --
3.1.2 QoS Queuing Models 61 --
3.2 Internet Traffic Engineering 62 --
3.2.1 Shortest Path Routing 62 --
3.2.2 Equal Cost Multi-Path (ECMP) 63 --
3.2.3 Optimised Multi-Path (OMP) 63 --
3.2.4 MPLS OMP 64 --
3.3 TCP Traffic Policing 64 --
3.3.1 TCP Flow Control 65 --
3.3.2 TCP Congestion Control 67 --
3.4 Internet Traffic Characteristics and Models 69 --
3.4.1 Internet Traffic Statistics 70 --
3.4.2 Traffic Models and Long Range Dependence 79 --
3.5 Internet Routing 83 --
3.6 Open Shortest Path First Protocol (OSPF) 85 --
3.6.1 OSPF Messages 86 --
3.6.2 Link State Advertisement (LSA) 87 --
3.6.3 Routing in OSPF 88 --
3.7 Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) 90 --
3.7.1 Internal and External BGP 90 --
3.7.2 BGP Messages 91 --
3.7.3 Path Attributes 93 --
3.7.4 Policy Filtering 94 --
3.7.5 BGP Routing 94 --
3.8 IPv6 95 --
4 WDM Optical Networks 99 --
4.1 Optical Modulation 99 --
4.2 Optical Switching Components and Technology 101 --
4.2.1 Optical Amplifier (OAMP) and Repeater 101 --
4.2.2 Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer (OADM) 102 --
4.2.3 Optical Crossconnect (OXC) 102 --
4.2.4 Transponder 104 --
4.2.5 Switching Fabric 105 --
4.2.6 Optical Switch/Router 111 --
4.3 WDM NC & M Framework 113 --
4.3.1 TMN Framework 113 --
4.3.2 WDM Network Management and Visualisation Framework 116 --
4.4 WDM Network Information Model 119 --
4.4.1 WDM Object Model 120 --
4.4.2 An Example of WDM Network and Connection MIB 123 --
4.5 WDM NC & M Functionality 126 --
4.5.1 Connection Management 126 --
4.5.2 Connection Discovery 139 --
4.5.3 WDM Client Topology Reconfiguration 140 --
4.5.4 Signal Quality Monitoring 141 --
4.5.5 Fault Management 142 --
4.6 WDM NE Management 143 --
4.6.1 NE MIB 145 --
4.6.2 NE Interfaces 147 --
4.7 WDM Signalling 147 --
4.7.1 Wavelength Signalling and Routing 147 --
4.7.2 Circuit Switching vs. Just-In-Time (JIT) Burst Switching 148 --
4.8 WDM DCN 151 --
4.9 WDM Network Views 152 --
5 IP over WDM 155 --
5.1 IP over WDM Networking Architectures 155 --
5.1.1 What is Optical Burst Switching 156 --
5.1.2 What is Optical Packet Switching 157 --
5.1.3 Three IP/WDM Networking Architectures 158 --
5.2 IP/WDM Internetworking Models 162 --
5.2.1 IP over Reconfigurable WDM 162 --
5.2.2 IP over Switched WDM 166 --
5.3 IP/WDM Service Models 169 --
5.3.1 Domain Service Model 169 --
5.3.2 Unified Service Model 171 --
5.3.3 Services 171 --
6 IP/WDM Network Control 175 --
6.1 IP/WDM Network Addressing 177 --
6.1.1 Overlay Addressing 178 --
6.1.2 Peer Addressing 180 --
6.2 Topology Discovery 181 --
6.2.1 OSPF Hello Message 182 --
6.2.2 Link Management Protocol (LMP) 184 --
6.3 IP/WDM Routing 187 --
6.3.1 Routing Information Base Construction and Maintenance 187 --
6.3.2 Route Computation and WDM Switching Constraints 189 --
6.3.3 OSPF Extensions 193 --
6.3.4 Routing Behaviour 199 --
6.3.5 Routing Scalability 202 --
6.4 IP/WDM Signalling 204 --
6.4.1 RSVP Overview 204 --
6.4.2 RSVP Extension for Optical Networks 206 --
6.4.3 RSVP Extension Implementation Architecture 207 --
6.4.4 RSVP Message Extensions 208 --
6.4.5 Hybrid Label Allocation Scheme for Optical Networks 212 --
6.5 WDM Network Access Control 214 --
6.6 GMPLS 216 --
6.7 IP/WDM Restoration 218 --
6.7.1 Provisioning Case Study 221 --
6.7.2 Restoration Case Study 222 --
6.8 Inter-domain Network Control 223 --
6.8.1 IP/WDM Network Reachability vs. Availability 225 --
6.8.2 Inter-domain Routing Information Exchange 226 --
6.9 WDM Network Element Control and Management Protocol 232 --
6.9.1 Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) 232 --
6.9.2 General Switch Management Protocol (GSMP) 233 --
6.9.3 Optical Switch Control Protocol (OSCP) 239 --
6.10.1 Network Control vs. Network Management 243 --
7 IP/WDM Traffic Engineering 245 --
7.1 What is IP over WDM Traffic Engineering 245 --
7.2 Modelling of IP over WDM Traffic Engineering 246 --
7.2.1 Overlay Traffic Engineering 246 --
7.2.2 Integrated Traffic Engineering 248 --
7.2.3 Comparison of the Two Models 248 --
7.3 IP over WDM Traffic Engineering Functional Framework 249 --
7.3.1 IP/WDM Network State Information Database 251 --
7.3.2 IP to WDM Interface Management 253 --
7.3.3 Examples of Reconfiguration Triggers 253 --
7.3.4 Traffic Monitoring and Measurements 254 --
7.3.5 Optical Signal Performance Monitoring 260 --
7.4 Teletraffic Modelling 261 --
7.4.1 Classical Telephone and Data Traffic Model 261 --
7.4.2 Novel Data Traffic Models 262 --
7.4.3 A Bandwidth Projection Model 263 --
7.5 MPLS Traffic Engineering 268 --
7.5.1 Load Balancing 268 --
7.5.2 Network Provisioning 272 --
7.6 Lightpath Virtual Topology Reconfiguration 273 --
7.6.1 Regular vs. Irregular Virtual Topology 274 --
7.6.2 Topology Design Problem Formulation 275 --
7.6.3 Heuristic Algorithms 276 --
7.6.4 Virtual Topology Migration 281 --
7.7 Reconfiguration for Packet Switched WDM Networks 284 --
7.7.1 Packet Switched WDM Reconfiguration Overview 284 --
7.7.2 Reconfiguration Conditions 286 --
7.7.4 Heuristic Algorithm Description 288 --
7.7.5 Heuristic Discussion 293 --
7.7.6 Lightpath Reconfiguration Migration 294 --
7.8 Simulation Study of IP over WDM Reconfiguration 295 --
7.8.1 Traffic Generation 296 --
7.8.2 Simulation Results 297 --
7.9 IP/WDM Traffic Engineering Software Design 303 --
7.9.1 Software Architecture for Overlay Traffic Engineering 303 --
7.9.2 Software Architecture for Integrated Traffic Engineering 306 --
7.9.3 IP Traffic Engineering to Network Control Protocol (IP TECP) 307 --
7.9.4 IP/WDM User to Network Interface (UNI) 312 --
7.9.5 WDM Traffic Engineering to Network Control Protocol (WDM TECP) 318 --
7.9.6 IP/WDM Traffic Engineering Tools 326 --
7.10 Feedback-Based Closed-Loop Traffic Engineering 327 --
7.10.1 Network Topology Implementation Process 329 --
7.10.2 Network Convergence 330 --
7.10.3 A Testbed Study on IP/WDM Traffic Engineering 330 --
8 Other IP/WDM Specific Issues 339 --
8.1 IP/WDM Group Communication 339 --
8.1.1 IP Multicasting 339 --
8.1.2 IP Multicasting in Presence of GMPLS 341 --
8.1.3 IP over WDM Multicasting 342 --
8.2 IP/WDM Network and Service Management 343 --
8.2.1 CORBA Reference Model and Telecom Facility 344 --
8.2.2 Connection and Service Management Information Modelling (CaSMIM) 348 --
8.2.3 Optical Network Service Management 349 --
8.3 TCP over Optical Networks 350 --
9.2 IP/WDM Network Applications 354 --
9.2.1 MAN and WAN Network Transport 354 --
9.2.2 Layer 2 or Layer 3 VPN, VLAN, Leased Fibre Line or Wavelenth Channel 354 --
9.2.3 Optical Interconnect 355 --
9.2.4 Bandwidth Brokers and Traders 356 --
9.3 Future Research 356 --
9.3.1 Scalable Common Control Plane for Optical Networks 357 --
9.3.2 Next Generation of TCP/IP 357 --
9.3.3 TCP/IP Performance Studies in Presence of a Number of Parallel Paths and Unidirectional LSPs 357 --
9.3.4 Optical Packet Switching 358 --
9.3.5 Service Protection and Restoration 358 --
9.3.6 Optical Network Applications 358 --
9.3.7 Optical MIB Development 358.
Responsibility: Kevin H. Liu.
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Abstract:

Focusing on IP over WDM optical networks, this book summarizes the fundamental mechanisms and the development and deployment of WDM optical networks. It provides information on both the network and  Read more...

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"Network engineering and planners...will be interested in this book... Developers and architects...will also find the book useful." (Journal of Optical Networking, Vol. 2, No. 4, April 2003)

 
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