Jesus Christ liberator : a critical Christology for our time (Book, 1978) []
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Jesus Christ liberator : a critical Christology for our time

Author: Leonardo Boff; Patrick Hughes
Publisher: Maryknoll, NY : Orbis Books, [1978] ©1978
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats

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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Boff, Leonardo.
Jesus Christ liberator.
Maryknoll, N.Y. : Orbis Books, ©1978
Named Person: Jesus Christ; Jesus Christ.
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Leonardo Boff; Patrick Hughes
ISBN: 0883442361 9780883442364
OCLC Number: 3627219
Notes: Translation of: Jesus Cristo libertador ; Petrópolis : Editora Vozes, 1972.
Description: xii, 323 pages ; 21 cm
Contents: 1. The history of the history of Jesus --
the answer of imperturbable faith --
answers in the era of criticism --
how de we know that Jesus existed? --
there is not, nor can there be, a single biography of Jesus --
the primacy of the Christ of faith over the historical Jesus, of Biblical history over history, of interpretation over bare fact --
the return to the historical Jesus: Jesusology and Christology --
the continu9ity between Jesus and Christ: indirect Christology --
Christological concentration and reduction: theologians of the death of God --
the Christology of Word, silence, and faltering speech --
other contemporary Christological positions --
the philosophical-transcendental interpretation of Jesus --
The cosmic-evolutionist interpretation of Jesus --
The interpretation of Jesus wit the categories of depth psychology --
the secular, socio-critical interpretation of Jesus --
the experience of Christ among modern youth. 2. How can we know Christ? The hermeneutic problem --
the hermeneutics of historical criticism --
form criticism (formgeschichte) --
tradition criticism (traditionsgeschichte) --
redaction criticism (redaktionsgeschichte) --
existential hermeneutics --
the hermeneutic circle and its meaning --
the hermeneutics of political existence --
the hermeneutics of salvation history --
toward a Christology in Latin America --
the primacy of the anthropological element over the ecclesiastical --
the primacy of the utopian element over the factual --
the primacy of the critical element over the dogmatic --
the primacy of orthopraxis over orthodoxy --
Conclusion: beginning with Jesus Christ, to speak in silence --
3. What did Jesus Christ really want? --
to comprehend the answers we must understand the questions --
Jesus preaches an absolute meaning for our world --
an old utopia is being realized --
the kingdom of God is not a territory but a new order --
the kingdom of God is not merely spiritual --
a feeling of expectation has grown among the people --
Conclusion: he took on our deepest longings --
4. Jesus Christ, liberator of the human condition --
the kingdom of God implies a revolution in our thinking and acting --
Jesus Christ, the liberator of oppressed conscience --
the comportment of the new person --
the kingdom of God implies a revolution of the human world --
Conclusion: the theological relevance of the attitudes of the historical Jesus. 5. Jesus, a person of extraordinary good sense, creative imagination, and originality --
Jesus, a person of extraordinary good sense and sound reason --
Jesus is prophet and master: but he is different --
Jesus does not want to say something new merely for effect and whatever the cost --
Jesus wants us to understand: he appeals to sound reason --
Jesus does not paint the world better or worse than it is --
all that is authentically human is seen in Jesus: anger and joy, goodness and toughness, friendship, sorrow, and temptation --
Jesus, a person of extraordinary creative imagination --
Jesus, a person who has the courage to say: I --
Jesus never used the word "obedience" --
Jesus does not have prefabricated notions --
was Jesus a liberal? --
the originality of Jesus --
Conclusion: the theological relevance of the comportment of Jesus --
6. The meaning of the death of Jesus --
the prosecution of Jesus --
the popularity of Jesus --
Jesus, one who disconcerts --
Jesus, on who provokes a radical crisis --
the use all available means against Jesus --
Jesus is condemned as a "blasphemer" and a guerrilla --
"having loved ... he loved ... to the end" --
the faith and hope of Jesus --
Did Jesus expect a violent death? --
the meaningless has a secret meaning. 7. Resurrection: the realization of a human utopia --
the grass did not grow on the sepulcher of Jesus --
what does modern exegesis say about the resurrection of Jesus? --
the empty sepulcher did not give rise to faith in the resurrection --
the apparitions of Christ: the origin of faith in the resurrection --
the resurrection elucidates all --
the resurrection rehabilitated Jesus before the world --
with the resurrection, the end of the world has already begun --
the resurrection revealed that Jesus died for our sins --
Jesus' death and resurrection give origin to the church --
the anthropological relevance of the resurrection of Jesus --
for the Christian, there is no longer utopia but only topia --
God did not substitute a new world for the old one: he makes the Old new --
the goal of God's path: the human being as body --
resurrection in death? --
8. Who really was Jesus of Nazareth? --
the sovereignty of Jesus: indirect Christology --
astonishment: the beginnings of philosophy and Christology --
negative Christology --
positive Christology --
Jesusology: how did Jesus understand Himself? --
the resurrection of Jesus: direct Christology --
to the Palestinian Christian community, Jesus in the Christ, the Son the Man, etc. --
to the Jewish Christians of the diaspora, Jesus is the new Adam and Lord --
to the Hellenist Christians, Jesus is the Savior, the Head of the cosmos, the only begotten of God, and God Himself --
Conclusion: it is not enough to give titles to Jesus and call Him Lord, Lord! 9. The Christological process continues: the accounts of Jesus' infancy --
theology or history? --
faith seeks to comprehend --
Matthew and Luke: Jesus is the omega point of history, the Messiah, the awaited Son of David, the Son of God --
Joseph and the virgin's conception of Jesus? --
Where was Jesus born: Bethlehem or Nazareth? --
who are the shepherds in the fields of Bethlehem? --
Matthew: Jesus is the new Moses and the definitive liberator --
What do the magi and the star mean? --
the last liberator (Jesus) is like the first (Moses) --
Conclusion: the birth --
the same truth yesterday and today --
10. Only a God could be so human! Jesus, the man who is God --
a human God and a divine human --
we cannot speak about Jesus, but only with Jesus as our starting point --
a difficult tension --
God became a human being so that human beings could become God --
the entire human being was assumed by the eternal word --
Chalcedon: a formula of reconciliation between duality and unity --
Jesus: the human being who is God, and the God who is human --
the sinlessness of Jesus: He conquered the sinful human condition from within --
we are all destined to be images and likenesses of Jesus Christ. 11. Where can we find the resurrected Christ today? --
Christianity does not live on nostalgia, but celebrates a presence --
understanding the world in terms of its future already manifest --
ways in which the resurrected Christ in present today --
the cosmic Christ: "history is pregnant with Christ" --
is Christ of importance to the earth alone or to the whole cosmos? --
the human being: Christ's greatest sacrament --
the presence of Christ in anonymous Christians --
the presence of Christ in avowed Christians --
the church: the primordial sacrament of the presence of the Lord --
Conclusion: the pride of the cup is in the drink, its humility in the serving --
12. What name can we call Jesus Christ today? --
in Christology, it is not sufficient to know what others have known --
faith in Christ cannot be reduced to Archaic formulas --
faith does not permit and ideologization of Jesus' titles --
the bridge between Christ and us --
elements of a Christology in secular language --
Christ as the omega point of evolution, the homo revelatus, and the future as present --
Christ as conciliation of opposites, divine Milieu, and a tremendous high --
Christ the dissenter, the reformer, the revolutionary, the liberator --
Jesus Christ, archetype of the most perfect individualism --
Jesus Christ, our elder brother --
Jesus, God of human beings and God with us --
Conclusion: Christ, the memory and critical consciousness of humanity. 13. Jesus Christ and Christianity: reflections of the essence of Christianity --
Christianity is as extensive as the world --
the full humanization of the human being presupposes the humanization of God --
the Christic structure and the mystery of the triune God --
Christianity: a response to a proposal --
the ch7urch as a special institutional articulation of Christianity --
Jesus Christ, "All in All" --
Conclusion: the hope and future of Jesus Christ --
Epilogue: a Christological view form the periphery --
relevance of the social setting and liberation for Christology --
two levels of social awareness and their corresponding liberation Christologies --
a "sacramental" articulation of liberation Christology --
a socio-analytical articulation of liberation Christology --
comprehending the historical Jesus in terms of liberation --
the liberation relevance of the historical Jesus --
the kingdom of God: the utopia of absolute liberation and its anticipation in history --
Jesus' praxis: a liberation in process --
conversion: the demand imposed by God's liberation --
the death of Jesus: the price for God's liberation --
Jesus' resurrection: the foreshadowed breakthrough of definitive liberation --
the following of Jesus as the way to actualize his liberation --
the importance of liberation Christology for worldwide Christological faith.
Other Titles: Jesus Cristo libertador.
Responsibility: Leonardo Boff ; translated by Patrick Hughes.


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