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John von Neumann and the origins of modern computing

Author: William Aspray
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, ©1990.
Series: History of computing.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
John von Neumann (1903-1957) was unquestionably one of the most brilliant scientists of the twentieth century. He made major contributions to quantum mechanics and mathematical physics and in 1943 began a new and all-too-short career in computer science. William Aspray provides the first broad and detailed account of von Neumann's many different contributions to computing. These, Aspray reveals, extended far beyond  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: History
Named Person: John Von Neumann; John Von Neumann; John Von Neumann; John Von Neumann; John Von Neumann
Material Type: Biography, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: William Aspray
ISBN: 0262011212 9780262011211
OCLC Number: 21524368
Description: xvii, 376 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Contents: Archival Sources and Abbreviations --
Series Forward --
Acknowledgments --
Introduction --
1. A Mathematical Research Career. Early Life, 1903-1921 --
A European Research Career, 1921-1930 --
Princeton Mathematics, 1930-1942 --
2. An Education in Computing. War Work --
Learning about Computing --
ENIAC and EDVAC --
3. Planning a Computer for Scientific Research. Postwar Plans --
Designing a Computer for Scientific Research --
Logical Design --
Computer Programming --
4. Engineering a Computer. Early Testing and Design --
Solving the Memory Problem --
Construction and Maintenance --
Technology Transfer --
5. The Transformation of Numerical Analysis. Accomodating Numerical Analysis to High-Speed Computers --
Matrices and Systems of Linear Equations --
Partial Differential Equations --
The Problem of Shocks --
Random Numbers and Monte Carlo Methods --
Linear Programming --
Conclusions --
6. The Origins of Numerical Meteorology. Early Numerical Meterology --
The Origins of the Numerical Meterology Project --
The Barotropic Model --
The Baroclinic Model --
The Beginnings of Operational Numerical Weather Prediction --
General Circulation of the Atmosphere --
The Computer as a Meterological Tool --
7. The Computer as a Scientific Instrument. Experimentation on Numerical Methods --
Mathematical and Statistical Research --
Astrophysics --
Fluid Dynamics --
Atomic and Nuclear Physics --
Automating Applications Research --
From History of Science to Traffic Simulation --
Limitations on the Computer as a Scientific Instrument --
8. A Theory of Information Processing. Early Experiments with Information --
Contacts with the Biomedical Community --
The General and Logical Theory of Automata --
Complicated Automata --
Building Reliable Automata from Unreliable Parts --
Cellular Automata --
The Computer and the Brain --
The Cybernetic Program --
9. Scientific Consultant and Statesman. Government Consulting --
IBM --
Final Plans --
Notes --
General Bibliography --
Writings of John von Neumann --
Index.
Series Title: History of computing.
Responsibility: William Aspray.

Abstract:

John von Neumann, in his 54 years of life, transformed the face and character of many pure/applied mathematical subject areas. And in particular he participated seminally in the creation of the  Read more...

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