skip to content
The Korean struggle for international identity in the foreground of the Shufeldt Negotiation, 1866-1882 Preview this item
ClosePreview this item
Checking...

The Korean struggle for international identity in the foreground of the Shufeldt Negotiation, 1866-1882

Author: Woong Joe Kang; George Washington University.
Publisher: 1981.
Dissertation: Ph. D. George Washington University 1981
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Document : Thesis/dissertation : eBook   Computer File : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This dissertation describes and analyzes Korea's struggle for international identity during that turbulent period, 1866-1882, when efforts by the Western and Japanese governments to open Korea raised questions about that country's status within the East Asian community of nations. China and Japan had already been open to the West amid disruption of the traditional East Asian interstate pattern. Japan accelerated
Rating:

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects
More like this

Find a copy online

Links to this item

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...

Details

Genre/Form: History
Treaties
Academic theses
Named Person: Robert Wilson Shufeldt; Robert Wilson Shufeldt
Material Type: Document, Thesis/dissertation, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Woong Joe Kang; George Washington University.
OCLC Number: 90638159
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Mich. : UMI, 2005.
Description: 361 pages
Responsibility: by Woong Joe Kang.

Abstract:

This dissertation describes and analyzes Korea's struggle for international identity during that turbulent period, 1866-1882, when efforts by the Western and Japanese governments to open Korea raised questions about that country's status within the East Asian community of nations. China and Japan had already been open to the West amid disruption of the traditional East Asian interstate pattern. Japan accelerated this disruption when, after concluding a treaty with China in 1871, she proceeded to restructure the 260-year-old Korea-Japan relationship. Korean resistance and Japanese persistence provoked internal and external crises in both countries. War was averted by a change of government in Korea and that government's change in attitude toward Japanese diplomatic initiatives. Forced into the Treaty of Kangwha in 1876, Korea at least theoretically joined the community of nations on the basis of Western international law. Japan's subsequent commercial and diplomatic penetration of Korea brought further internal disruptions.

Meanwhile, China became painfully aware that Japan had struck a serious blow to the relationship between China and Korea. China's principal problems were to keep the Sino-Korean protocol relationship intact, check the Japanese advance into Korea, and maintain her security against supposed Russian advances. One of China's solutions was to urge Korea into treaty relationships with the West, starting with the United States. After initially rejecting this advice, Korean leaders began to realize the benefits of international trade and intercourse.

The late 1870's coincided with a United States effort to establish relations with Korea. The American naval officer, Commodore Robert W. Shufeldt, became the central figure in these efforts, dating from 1867 when he had been despatched to Korea to inquire into the destruction of the American schooner General Sherman. During this earlier period both Britain and France had tried in a sporadic manner to open Korea to Western commerce and missionary enterprise. In 1866 Korea and France had fought a bloody battle in and around the islands of Kangwha. This encounter had contributed to hardening the Korean government's non-intercourse policy toward the West. The first U.S. effort to open Korea in 1871 ended in failure with the repulse of the Low-Rodgers mission. The subsequent negotiation of the Japanese-Korean treaty of 1876 undoubtedly influenced the American government's subsequent effort to reopen treaty negotiations with Korea in 1878. From 1880 to 1882 the United States sought the good offices, first of Japan and then China. China's attempt to arrange an American-Korean treaty that would recognize China's traditional assertion of shu pang met with Shufeldt's persistent refusal. Despite the interfering and complicating diplomacy of China, Shufeldt succeeded in negotiating a Korean treaty on May 22nd, 1882 that formalized the recognition of Korean sovereignty and independence. Other nations quickly followed the American initiative and made similar treaties with Korea in the years that followed.

Reviews

User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...

Tags

Be the first.
Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data


Primary Entity

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/90638159> # The Korean struggle for international identity in the foreground of the Shufeldt Negotiation, 1866-1882
    a pto:Web_document, schema:Book, schema:MediaObject, schema:CreativeWork, bgn:Thesis ;
    bgn:inSupportOf "" ;
    library:oclcnum "90638159" ;
    schema:about <http://viaf.org/viaf/18600856> ; # Robert Wilson Shufeldt
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/968531#Event/1864_1910> ; # 1864-1910
    schema:about <http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1907412> ; # Diplomatic relations
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/968531#Person/shufeldt_robert_wilson_1822_1895> ; # Robert Wilson Shufeldt
    schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/968531#Place/korea> ; # Korea
    schema:about <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh2008108244> ; # Nationalism--Korea--History
    schema:about <http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1033832> ; # Nationalism
    schema:about <http://dewey.info/class/DS915.37/> ;
    schema:about <http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1206434> ; # Korea.
    schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/142703516> ; # George Washington University.
    schema:creator <http://viaf.org/viaf/19421259> ; # Woong Joe Kang
    schema:datePublished "1981" ;
    schema:description "Meanwhile, China became painfully aware that Japan had struck a serious blow to the relationship between China and Korea. China's principal problems were to keep the Sino-Korean protocol relationship intact, check the Japanese advance into Korea, and maintain her security against supposed Russian advances. One of China's solutions was to urge Korea into treaty relationships with the West, starting with the United States. After initially rejecting this advice, Korean leaders began to realize the benefits of international trade and intercourse."@en ;
    schema:description "This dissertation describes and analyzes Korea's struggle for international identity during that turbulent period, 1866-1882, when efforts by the Western and Japanese governments to open Korea raised questions about that country's status within the East Asian community of nations. China and Japan had already been open to the West amid disruption of the traditional East Asian interstate pattern. Japan accelerated this disruption when, after concluding a treaty with China in 1871, she proceeded to restructure the 260-year-old Korea-Japan relationship. Korean resistance and Japanese persistence provoked internal and external crises in both countries. War was averted by a change of government in Korea and that government's change in attitude toward Japanese diplomatic initiatives. Forced into the Treaty of Kangwha in 1876, Korea at least theoretically joined the community of nations on the basis of Western international law. Japan's subsequent commercial and diplomatic penetration of Korea brought further internal disruptions."@en ;
    schema:description "The late 1870's coincided with a United States effort to establish relations with Korea. The American naval officer, Commodore Robert W. Shufeldt, became the central figure in these efforts, dating from 1867 when he had been despatched to Korea to inquire into the destruction of the American schooner General Sherman. During this earlier period both Britain and France had tried in a sporadic manner to open Korea to Western commerce and missionary enterprise. In 1866 Korea and France had fought a bloody battle in and around the islands of Kangwha. This encounter had contributed to hardening the Korean government's non-intercourse policy toward the West. The first U.S. effort to open Korea in 1871 ended in failure with the repulse of the Low-Rodgers mission. The subsequent negotiation of the Japanese-Korean treaty of 1876 undoubtedly influenced the American government's subsequent effort to reopen treaty negotiations with Korea in 1878. From 1880 to 1882 the United States sought the good offices, first of Japan and then China. China's attempt to arrange an American-Korean treaty that would recognize China's traditional assertion of shu pang met with Shufeldt's persistent refusal. Despite the interfering and complicating diplomacy of China, Shufeldt succeeded in negotiating a Korean treaty on May 22nd, 1882 that formalized the recognition of Korean sovereignty and independence. Other nations quickly followed the American initiative and made similar treaties with Korea in the years that followed."@en ;
    schema:exampleOfWork <http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/968531> ;
    schema:genre "History"@en ;
    schema:genre "Academic theses"@en ;
    schema:genre "Treaties"@en ;
    schema:inLanguage "en" ;
    schema:name "The Korean struggle for international identity in the foreground of the Shufeldt Negotiation, 1866-1882"@en ;
    schema:productID "90638159" ;
    schema:publication <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/90638159#PublicationEvent/1981> ;
    schema:url <http://libweb.cityu.edu.hk/cgi-bin/ezdb/umi-r.pl?8112390.pdf> ;
    schema:url <http://libweb.cityu.edu.hk/cgi-bin/er/db/ddcdiss.pl?8112390> ;
    wdrs:describedby <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/90638159> ;
    .


Related Entities

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/968531#Person/shufeldt_robert_wilson_1822_1895> # Robert Wilson Shufeldt
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1822" ;
    schema:deathDate "1895" ;
    schema:familyName "Shufeldt" ;
    schema:givenName "Robert Wilson" ;
    schema:name "Robert Wilson Shufeldt" ;
    .

<http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh2008108244> # Nationalism--Korea--History
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Nationalism--Korea--History"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1033832> # Nationalism
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Nationalism"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1206434> # Korea.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Korea." ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1907412> # Diplomatic relations
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Diplomatic relations"@en ;
    .

<http://libweb.cityu.edu.hk/cgi-bin/er/db/ddcdiss.pl?8112390>
    rdfs:comment "online access from Digital Dissertation Consortium" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/142703516> # George Washington University.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "George Washington University." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/18600856> # Robert Wilson Shufeldt
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1822" ;
    schema:deathDate "1895" ;
    schema:familyName "Shufeldt" ;
    schema:givenName "Robert Wilson" ;
    schema:name "Robert Wilson Shufeldt" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/19421259> # Woong Joe Kang
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:familyName "Kang" ;
    schema:givenName "Woong Joe" ;
    schema:name "Woong Joe Kang" ;
    .

<http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/90638159>
    a genont:InformationResource, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource ;
    schema:about <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/90638159> ; # The Korean struggle for international identity in the foreground of the Shufeldt Negotiation, 1866-1882
    schema:dateModified "2019-05-01" ;
    void:inDataset <http://purl.oclc.org/dataset/WorldCat> ;
    .


Content-negotiable representations

Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.