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A lake dwelling in its landscape : Iron Age settlement at Cults Loch, Castle Kennedy, Dumfries & Galloway

Author: M Graeme Cavers; Anne Crone; Historic Environment Scotland,; AOC Scotland Ltd.,; SWAP (Project),
Publisher: Oxford : Oxbow Books, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Cults Loch, at Castle Kennedy in Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland, lies within a landscape rich in prehistoric cropmark sites and within the loch itself are two crannogs, one of which has been the focus of this study. A palisaded enclosure and a promontory fort on the shores of the loch have also been excavated. The Cults Loch crannog is only the second prehistoric site in Scotland to be dated by dendrochronology and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Cavers, M. Graeme.
Lake dwelling in its landscape.
Oxford : Oxbow Books, 2018
(OCoLC)949871085
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: M Graeme Cavers; Anne Crone; Historic Environment Scotland,; AOC Scotland Ltd.,; SWAP (Project),
ISBN: 9781785703744 1785703749
OCLC Number: 1019747649
Notes: At foot of title: Historic Environment Scotland, AOC, SWAP.
Description: 1 online resource (vii, 288 pages) : illustrations (some color), plans (some color
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction --
research framework --
landscape setting; geology and hydrology --
history of previous archaeological investigations at Cults Loch --
Methodology --
community initiative --
Note on site labels --
2. Cults Loch 3; the promontory crannog --
2a. structural sequence --
Phase 1 Construction of the crannog mound --
Phase 2 Structure 1 --
Phase 3 Structure 2 --
Phase 3 Deposits and structures in the N quadrant --
Phase 4 Structure 3 --
Phase 5 decay horizon --
Access onto the crannog --
trackway across the crannog --
final act? --
2b. Chronology / Anne Crone --
Introduction --
Radiocarbon dating --
Dendrochronological studies --
14C wiggle-match dating and the structural sequence at Cults Loch 3 / Gordon Cook --
Comment / Graeme Cavers --
2c. Ecofact analyses --
Introduction --
Phase 1 crannog mound --
Phase 2 Structure 1 --
Phase 3 Structure 2 --
Phase 3 Deposits in the N quadrant --
Phase 4 Structure 3 --
Phase 5 decay horizon --
Deposits off the crannog mound --
macroplant assemblage / Jackaline Robertson --
Insect remains / Enid Allison --
Micromorphology / Lynne Roy --
2d. artefact assemblage --
wooden artefacts / Anne Crone --
shale / Fraser Hunter --
glass bead / Fraser Hunter --
coarse stone / Dawn McLaren --
chipped stone assemblage / Rob Engl --
burnt clay / Dawn McLaren --
Synthesis of the material culture from Cults Loch 3 / Dawn McLaren --
2e. structural timbers --
Introduction --
Vertical components --
Horizontal components --
Woodworking debris --
Charred timbers --
Discussion --
Wood use on the crannog --
2f. Summary of evidence for construction and occupation on Cults Loch 3 --
Duration and continuity --
Construction --
floor surfaces and living conditions on the crannog --
Domestic and agricultural activities --
3. Cults Loch 4; the promontory fort --
Introduction --
Aerial photography --
Geophysical survey / Tessa Poller --
Excavation results --
Neolithic activity --
Bronze Age activity and the early phase of enclosure --
earlier Iron Age enclosures --
Interior features --
Environmental remains / Jackaline Robertson --
form and function of the enclosure --
Inland promontory forts --
4. Cults Loch 5; the palisaded enclosure --
Introduction --
Geophysical survey / Graeme Cavers --
Excavation results --
Earlier prehistoric features --
Phase 1 --
Phase 2 --
Other features within the enclosure --
Modern features --
Chronology --
Material culture --
coarse stone / Dawn McLaren --
Ceramic and vitrified material / Dawn McLaren --
Environmental remains / Jackaline Robertson --
Cults Loch 5; discussion --
5. Cults Loch 2 and Cults Loch 6 --
Cults Loch 2; the knoll --
Cults Loch 6; the pits --
Discussion --
6. Radiocarbon dating and Bayesian modelling of Cults Loch 3, 4 and 5 / Tony Krus --
Methodological approach --
Cults Loch 3; the crannog --
Cults Loch 4; the promontory fort --
Cults Loch 5; the palisaded enclosure --
Discussion --
7. material world of Iron Age Wigtownshire / Gemma Cruickshanks --
Introduction --
Luce Sands --
Material patterns --
Stone --
Iron and ironworking --
Copper alloys and their manufacture --
Decoration and adornment --
Contacts --
Artefacts and society --
Roman world --
Conclusions --
8. environment in and around Cults Loch --
8a. offsite palaeoenvironmental programme / Ciara Clarke --
Background --
Reconnaissance --
Sampling --
Core TCL1; age-depth model --
Lake ecology --
Discussion and conclusions --
8b. on-site evidence for the environment around Cults Loch --
9. Liminal living in a dynamic landscape? --
9a. Cults Loch 3; chronology, form and functionality --
Chronology --
Form --
Functionality; or reasons for living out on the water --
9b. sites in their local and national context; the later prehistoric settlement record of Wigtownshire --
Settlement development in the 1st millennium BC in southern Scotland --
earlier Iron Age settlement landscape in SW Scotland --
Cults Loch landscape: settlement, duration and evolution 500-0 BC --
Architectural forms in the Cults Loch settlements --
10. Conclusions --
Bibliography --
Appendices --
1. Cults Loch 3; the environmental assemblages / Jackaline Robertson --
2. Cults Loch 3; the insect remains / Enid Allison --
3. Cults Loch 3; soil micromorphology / Lynne Roy --
4. Analysis of the glass bead / Mary Davis --
5. Summary of finds from Wigtownshire Iron Age sites --
6. Stray finds of certain or likely Iron Age date from Wigtownshire.
Responsibility: Graeme Cavers & Anne Crone.

Abstract:

Presents the full results of excavations at an important, short-lived crannog site of the 5th century at Cults Loch, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland and explores both the relationship between the  Read more...

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In the range and detail of the evidence presented, this volume is a significant addition to Iron Age wetland archaeology, as it is to the re-assessment of the form, function and use of such lakeside Read more...

 
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