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"Last mile" or local innovation : Canadian perspectives on community wireless networking as civic participation

Author: Alison Powell; Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking.
Publisher: Toronto, Ont. : Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking = Alliance canadienne de recherche pour le réseautage et l'innovation communautaires, 2006
Series: CRACIN working paper, no. 18.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In the rush to solicit corporate bids for WiFi coverage, North American municipalities may be overlooking the capacity of existing community wireless networking (CWN) projects to not only provide WiFi service, but to mobilize civic participation. CWNs, where citizens experiment with, install, and maintain information infrastructures based on 802.11x wireless equipment, may be providing new opportunities for  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Case studies
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Alison Powell; Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking.
OCLC Number: 654778861
Description: 1 online resource (27 pages).
Series Title: CRACIN working paper, no. 18.
Other Titles: Canadian perspectives on community wireless networking as civic participation
Responsibility: Alison Powell.
More information:

Abstract:

In the rush to solicit corporate bids for WiFi coverage, North American municipalities may be overlooking the capacity of existing community wireless networking (CWN) projects to not only provide WiFi service, but to mobilize civic participation. CWNs, where citizens experiment with, install, and maintain information infrastructures based on 802.11x wireless equipment, may be providing new opportunities for participation in civic life, including developing innovative technical and economic solutions to local problems, developing WiFi as a platform for community media, and mobilizing new spaces for political advocacy. The data presented in this paper assesses four Canadian urban CWNs: Montréal's Île Sans Fil, WirelessToronto, Vancouver-based British Columbia Wireless Networking Society and the newly-formed Ottawa Gatineau Wi-Fi. The adaptation of each of these groups to their local policy and technical environments reveals the importance of local, grassroots players in the WiFi universe, as both innovators and policy-makers. Canadian CWNs provide good examples of how grassroots innovation can emerge in competition and cooperation with other types of service provision. Furthermore, the activities of these CWNs underline the importance of safeguarding the network and policy spaces that allow communities to flourish.

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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/654778861<\/a>> # \"Last mile\" or local innovation : Canadian perspectives on community wireless networking as civic participation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:MediaObject<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"654778861<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Place\/toronto_ont<\/a>> ; # Toronto, Ont.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/onc<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Topic\/wireless_internet_political_aspects_canada<\/a>> ; # Wireless Internet--Political aspects--Canada<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2010107030<\/a>> ; # Political participation--Canada<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Topic\/wireless_internet_social_aspects_canada<\/a>> ; # Wireless Internet--Social aspects--Canada<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/972767<\/a>> ; # Information society<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Topic\/information_society_canada<\/a>> ; # Information society--Canada<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1069386<\/a>> ; # Political participation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204310<\/a>> ; # Canada.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/302.2310971\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:alternateName<\/a> \"Canadian perspectives on community wireless networking as civic participation<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> schema:EBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Organization\/canadian_research_alliance_for_community_innovation_and_networking<\/a>> ; # Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Person\/powell_alison<\/a>> ; # Alison Powell<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2006<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"In the rush to solicit corporate bids for WiFi coverage, North American municipalities may be overlooking the capacity of existing community wireless networking (CWN) projects to not only provide WiFi service, but to mobilize civic participation. CWNs, where citizens experiment with, install, and maintain information infrastructures based on 802.11x wireless equipment, may be providing new opportunities for participation in civic life, including developing innovative technical and economic solutions to local problems, developing WiFi as a platform for community media, and mobilizing new spaces for political advocacy. The data presented in this paper assesses four Canadian urban CWNs: Montr\u00E9al\'s \u00CEle Sans Fil, WirelessToronto, Vancouver-based British Columbia Wireless Networking Society and the newly-formed Ottawa Gatineau Wi-Fi. The adaptation of each of these groups to their local policy and technical environments reveals the importance of local, grassroots players in the WiFi universe, as both innovators and policy-makers. Canadian CWNs provide good examples of how grassroots innovation can emerge in competition and cooperation with other types of service provision. Furthermore, the activities of these CWNs underline the importance of safeguarding the network and policy spaces that allow communities to flourish.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/5516282909<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Case studies<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Electronic books<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Series\/cracin_working_paper<\/a>> ; # CRACIN working paper ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"\"Last mile\" or local innovation : Canadian perspectives on community wireless networking as civic participation<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"654778861<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/654778861#PublicationEvent\/toronto_ont_canadian_research_alliance_for_community_innovation_and_networking_alliance_canadienne_de_recherche_pour_le_reseautage_et_l_innovation_communautaires_2006_saint_lazare_quebec_gibson_library_connections_2010<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Agent\/canadian_research_alliance_for_community_innovation_and_networking_alliance_canadienne_de_recherche_pour_le_reseautage_et_l_innovation_communautaires<\/a>> ; # Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking = Alliance canadienne de recherche pour le r\u00E9seautage et l\'innovation communautaires<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/login.library.sheridanc.on.ca\/login?url=https:\/\/www.deslibris.ca\/ID\/223213<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/proxy.library.carleton.ca\/login?url=http:\/\/books.scholarsportal.info\/viewdoc.html?id=\/ebooks\/ebooks0\/gibson_cppc\/2010-08-06\/7\/10390970<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/site.ebrary.com\/id\/10390970<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/celarc.ca\/cppc\/223\/223213.pdf<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/public.ebookcentral.proquest.com\/choice\/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=3269306<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/www.deslibris.ca\/ID\/223213<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/books.scholarsportal.info\/viewdoc.html?id=\/ebooks\/ebooks0\/gibson_cppc\/2010-08-06\/7\/10390970<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/deslibris.ca\/ID\/223213<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/deslibris.ca\/ID\/223213<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/654778861<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

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<http:\/\/celarc.ca\/cppc\/223\/223213.pdf<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:comment<\/a> \"Click here for access<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/302.2310971\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Agent\/canadian_research_alliance_for_community_innovation_and_networking_alliance_canadienne_de_recherche_pour_le_reseautage_et_l_innovation_communautaires<\/a>> # Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking = Alliance canadienne de recherche pour le r\u00E9seautage et l\'innovation communautaires<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking = Alliance canadienne de recherche pour le r\u00E9seautage et l\'innovation communautaires<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Organization\/canadian_research_alliance_for_community_innovation_and_networking<\/a>> # Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Organization<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Person\/powell_alison<\/a>> # Alison Powell<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Powell<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Alison<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Alison Powell<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Place\/toronto_ont<\/a>> # Toronto, Ont.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Toronto, Ont.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Series\/cracin_working_paper<\/a>> # CRACIN working paper ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/654778861<\/a>> ; # \"Last mile\" or local innovation : Canadian perspectives on community wireless networking as civic participation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"CRACIN working paper ;<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Topic\/information_society_canada<\/a>> # Information society--Canada<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh89000606<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Information society--Canada<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Topic\/wireless_internet_political_aspects_canada<\/a>> # Wireless Internet--Political aspects--Canada<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2001008359<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Wireless Internet--Political aspects--Canada<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Topic\/wireless_internet_social_aspects_canada<\/a>> # Wireless Internet--Social aspects--Canada<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2001008359<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Wireless Internet--Social aspects--Canada<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2010107030<\/a>> # Political participation--Canada<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Political participation--Canada<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/onc<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"onc<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1069386<\/a>> # Political participation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Political participation<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204310<\/a>> # Canada.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Canada.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/972767<\/a>> # Information society<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Information society<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/proxy.library.carleton.ca\/login?url=http:\/\/books.scholarsportal.info\/viewdoc.html?id=\/ebooks\/ebooks0\/gibson_cppc\/2010-08-06\/7\/10390970<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:comment<\/a> \"Scholars Portal Books<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/654778861<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/654778861<\/a>> ; # \"Last mile\" or local innovation : Canadian perspectives on community wireless networking as civic participation<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-02-07<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/654778861#PublicationEvent\/toronto_ont_canadian_research_alliance_for_community_innovation_and_networking_alliance_canadienne_de_recherche_pour_le_reseautage_et_l_innovation_communautaires_2006_saint_lazare_quebec_gibson_library_connections_2010<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Place\/toronto_ont<\/a>> ; # Toronto, Ont.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5516282909#Agent\/canadian_research_alliance_for_community_innovation_and_networking_alliance_canadienne_de_recherche_pour_le_reseautage_et_l_innovation_communautaires<\/a>> ; # Canadian Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking = Alliance canadienne de recherche pour le r\u00E9seautage et l\'innovation communautaires<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:startDate<\/a> \"2006<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n