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Life of Abraham Lincoln

Author: Joseph H Barrett
Publisher: Mechanicsburg, PA : Stackpole Books, 2006.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Beautifully written in 1865 by a political contemporary, this is one of the greatest and most sensitive works of nineteenth-century American biographic literature.

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Genre/Form: Biography
Biographies
Named Person: Abraham Lincoln; Abraham Lincoln
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Joseph H Barrett
ISBN: 081170159X 9780811701594
OCLC Number: 64552255
Notes: Originally published: Cincinnati ; New York : Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin, 1865.
"1865 ed."
Description: x, 842 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln --
Their Residence in Pennsylvania and Virginia --
His Grandfather Crosses the Alleghanies to join Boone and his Associates --
"The Dark and Bloody Ground" --
His Violent Death --
His Widow Settles in Washington County --
Thomas Lincoln, his Son, Marries and Locates near Hodgenville --
Birth of Abraham Lincoln --
LaRue County --
Early Life and Training in Kentucky 11 --
Removal from Kentucky --
An Emigrant Journey --
Forests of Southern Indiana --
New Home --
Indiana in 1816 --
Slavery and Free Labor --
Young Lincoln at His Work --
His Schools and Schoolmasters --
Self-Education --
A Characteristic Incident --
Acquaintance with River Life --
His First Trip to New Orleans as a Flatboatman --
Death of His Mother --
His Father's Second Marriage --
Recollections of an Early Settler --
Close of an Eventful Period in Young Lincoln's History 21 --
French Settlements --
North-West --
Advance of Emigration --
Four Great States Founded --
North and South in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois --
Sentiments of Southern Emigrants --
First Emigrations --
A Coincidence of Dates --
Mordecai and Josiah Lincoln --
Removal to Illinois --
Settlement on the Sangamon, in Macon County --
Locality Described --
Abraham Lincoln Engaged in Splitting Rails --
Removal of His Father --
He Settles in Coles County --
Abraham Lincoln makes another Trip as a Flatboatman --
Becomes Clerk in a Store on His Return --
Postmaster at New Salem 30 --
Breaking Out of the Black Hawk War --
Invasion of 1831 --
Rock-river Country Threatened --
Prompt Action of Gov. Reynolds --
Retreat of Black Hawk --
Treaty of 1804 --
Bad Faith of the Indians --
Invasion of 1832 --
Volunteers Called For --
Abraham Lincoln one of a Company from Menard County --
He is chosen Captain --
Rendezvous at Beardstown --
Hard Marches across the Country to Oquawka, Prophetstown, and Dixon --
Expected Battle Avoided by the Enemy --
Discontent among Volunteers --
They are Disbanded --
Captain Lincoln Remains, Volunteering for Another Term of Service --
Skirmishing Fights --
Arrival of New Levies --
Encounter at Kellogg's Grove --
Black Hawk at Four Lakes --
He Retreats --
Battle on the Wisconsin --
Hastens Forward to the Mississippi --
Battle of Bad-ax --
End of Lincoln's First Campaign --
Autobiographic Note 37 --
A New Period in Mr. Lincoln's Life --
His Political Opinions --
Clay and Jackson --
Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for Representative --
Election in 1834 --
Illinois Strongly Democratic --
Mr. Lincoln as a Surveyor --
Land Speculation Mania --
Mr. Lincolns First Appearance in the Legislature --
Banks and Internal Improvements --
Whig Measures Democratically Botched --
First Meeting of Lincoln with Douglas --
Latter Seeks an Office of the Legislature, and Gets it --
Mr. Lincoln Re-elected in 1836 --
Mr. Douglas also a Member of the House --
Distinguished Associates --
Internal Improvements Again --
Mr. Lincoln's Views on Slavery --
Capital Removed to Springfield --
New Metropolis --
Revulsion of 1837 --
Mr. Lincoln Chosen for a Third Term --
John Calhoun, of Lecompton Memory --
Lincoln the Whig Leader, and Candidate for Speaker --
Close Vote --
First Session at Springfield --
Lincoln Re-elected in 1840 --
Partisan Remodeling of the Supreme Court --
Lincoln Declines Further Service in the Legislature --
His Position as a Statesman at the Close of this Period --
Tribune of the People 47 --
Mr. Lincoln's Law Studies --
His Perseverance under Adverse Circumstances --
Licensed to Practice in 1836 --
His Progress in his Profession --
His Qualities as an Advocate --
A Romantic and Exciting Incident in his Practice --
Reminiscence of his Early Life --
Secures an Acquittal in a Murder Case, in Spite of a Strong Popular Prejudice Against the Prisoner --
Affecting Scene --
Mr. Lincoln Removes to Springfield in 1837 --
Devotes Himself to his Profession, Giving up Political Life --
His Marriage --
Family of Mrs. Lincoln --
Fortunate Domestic Relations --
His Children and their Education --
Denominational Tendencies --
Four Year's Retirement 62 --
Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay --
Presidential Nominations of 1844 --
Campaign in Illinois --
Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay --
John Calhoun the Leading Polk Elector --
Tariff Issue Thoroughly Discussed --
Method of Conducting the Canvass --
Whigs of Illinois in a Hopeless Minority --
Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Whig Champion --
Renders Efficient Service in Indiana --
Mr. Clay's Defeat, and the Consequences --
Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for Congressman in 1846 --
President Polk's Administration --
Condition of the Country --
Texas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Tariff --
Political Character of the Springfield District --
Lincoln Elected by an Unprecedented Majority --
His Personal Popularity Demonstrated 68 --
Thirtieth Congress --
Its Political Character --
Democracy in a Minority in the House --
Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker --
Distinguished Members in both Houses --
Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the House, and Mr. Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Session --
Mr. Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig --
Mexican War --
Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject --
Misrepresentations --
Not an Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents --
His Resolutions of Inquiry in Regard to the Origin of the War --
Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing the Administration --
Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate Discontinuance of the War --
Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln --
Resolutions of Thanks to Gen. Taylor --
Mr. Henley's Amendment, and Mr. Ashmun's Addition thereto --
Resolutions Adopted without Amendment --
Mr. Lincoln's First Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War --
Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improvements --
A Characteristic Campaign Speech --
Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues; President and People; Wilmot Proviso; Platforms; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Heroes and Exploits; Cass a Progressive; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War; Democratic Divisions --
Close of the Session --
Mr. Lincoln on the Stump --
Gen. Taylor's Election --
Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress --
Slavery in the District of Columbia --
Public Lands --
Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman --
He Retires to Private life 72 --
Mr. Lincoln in Retirement for Five Years --
Gen. Taylor's Administration --
Slavery Agitation of 1850 --
Compromise of Clay and Fillmore --
"Final Settlement" of 1852 --
How, and by Whom it was Disturbed --
Violation of the Most Positive Pledges --
Kansas-Nebraska Bill --
Douglas, the Agitator --
Popular Indignation and Excitement --
Mr. Lincoln Takes part in the Canvass of 1854 --
Great Political Changes --
Anti-Nebraska Organization --
Springfield Resolutions of 1854 --
Results of the Election --
A Majority of Congressmen and of the Legislature Anti-Nebraska --
Election of United States Senator to Succeed Gen. Shields --
Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Trumbull --
A Magnanimous Sacrifice --
Mr. Trumbull Elected 119 --
Republican Party Organized --
Their Platform Adopted at Bloomington --
Canvass of 1856 --
Mr. Lincoln Sustains Fremont and Dayton --
His Active Labors on the Stump --
Col. Bissell Elected Governor of Illinois --
Mr. Buchanan Inaugurated --
His Kansas Policy --
Mr. Douglas Committed to it in June, 1857 --
John Calhoun his Special Friend --
Springfield Speech of Douglas --
Mr. Lincoln's Reply 128 --
Lecompton Struggle --
Policy of Douglas Changed --
He Breaks with the Administration and Loses Caste at the South --
Republican Sympathies --
Douglas Falters, but Opposes the English Bill --
Passage of that Measure --
Democratic State Convention of Illinois --
Douglas Indorsed, and Efforts for his Re-election Commenced --
Democratic Bolt --
Meeting of the Republican State Convention in June --
Mr. Lincoln Named as the First and Only Choice of the Republicans for Senator --
His Great Speech Before the Convention at Springfield --
Douglas and Lincoln at Chicago --
Speeches at Bloomington and Springfield --
Unfair ness of the Apportionment Pointed Out by Mr. Lincoln --
He Analyzes the Douglas Programme --
Seven Joint Debates --
Douglas Produces a Bogus Platform, and Propounds Interrogatories --
"Unfriendly Legislation" --
Lincoln Fully Defines his Position on the Slavery Question --
Result of the Canvass --
People for Lincoln; the Apportionment for Douglas --
Public Opinion --
Mr. Lincoln in Ohio --
His Speech at Columbus --
Denial of the Negro Suffrage Charge --
Troubles of Douglas with his "Great Principle" --
Territories not States --
Doctrines of the Fathers --
His Cincinnati Speech --
"Shooting Over the Line" --
What the Republicans Mean to Do --
Plain Questions to the Democracy --
People Above Courts and Congress --
Uniting the Opposition --
Eastern Tour --
Cooper Institute Speech --
Mr. Bryant's Introduction --
What the Fathers Held --
What will Satisfy the Southern Democracy --
Counsels to the Republicans --
Mr. Lincoln Among the Children --
Republican National Convention at Chicago --
Charleston Explosion --
"Constitutional Union" Nominations --
Distinguished Candidates Among the Republicans --
Platform --
Ballotings --
Mr. Lincoln Nominated --
Unparalleled Enthusiasm --
Ticket Completed with the Name of Senator Hamlin --
Its Reception by the Country --
Mr. Lincoln's Letter of Acceptance --
Result of the Canvass --
His Journey to Washington --
Speeches at Springfield and Indianopolis --
Commencement of President Lincoln's Administration --
Betrospect and Summary of Public Events Fort Sumter --
Loyal Uprising --
Border Slave States --
Summary of Events --
Battle of Bull Run --
Extra Sassion of Congress --
President Lincoln's Message --
Rebel Affairs at Richmond --
Military Reorganization --
Resume of Events to the December Session of Congress --
Action in Regard to "Contrabands" and Slavery --
President's Message, December, 1861 --
Proceedings of Congress --
Emancipation --
Confiscation --
Messages and Addresses of Mr. Lincoln --
Military Events --
Inaction on the Potomac --
Western Campaign --
Capture of New Orleans --
Military Events in the East --
Peninsular Campaign --
Campaign of the Army of Virginia --
Withdrawal of the Army of the Potomac from the Peninsula --
First Invasion of Maryland --
McClellan Superseded --
A New Era Inaugnrated --
Emancipation --
Message of the President --
Last Session of the Thirty-seventh Congress --
Summary of Military Movements in the West --
Army of the Potomac --
General Hooker Superseded --
Gen. Meade takes Command --
Battle of Gettysburg --
Popular Voice in 1863 --
First Session of the Thirty-eighth Congress --
Amnesty Proclamation --
Message --
Orders, Letters, and Addresses --
Popular Sentiment in 1864 --
Appointment of Lieutenant General Grant --
Opening of the Military Campaigns of 1864 --
A new Epoch of the War --
Lieutenant-General Grant in the East --
Campaign of the Army of the Potomac from the Rapidan to Petersburg --
Wilderness --
Spottsylvania Court House --
North Anna --
Cold Harbor --
Across the James --
Sheridan's Grand Raid --
Sigel and Hunter in the Shenandoah Valley --
Army of the James --
Averill and Crook in South-western Virginia --
Combined Armies before Petersburg --
Campaign in Georgia --
From Chattanooga to Marietta --
Early Movements of Sherman and Thomas --
Capture of Dalton --
Battle of Resacca --
Retreat of Johnston --
Slight Engagements --
Occupation of Kingston --
Destruction of Rebel Works at Rome --
Advance to Cassville --
Battle near Dallas and Powder Spring --
Occupation of Acworth and Big Shanty --
Attempts on Sherman's line of Communications --
Kenesaw Mountain --
Battle of Nickojack Creek --
Pause at Marietta --
Louisiana and Arkansas --
Another Invasion of Kentucky --
Movements of the Navy --
Mr. Lincoln's Administration in issue before the People --
Disadvantages of the Hour --
Opposition in Official Quarters, and on the Union side in Congress --
"Radical" Movement --
Recapitulation of the Administration Policy in regard to Virginia and Missouri --
Mr. Lincoln's Method with the Insurrectionary States --
Gen. Fremont's Military Administration in Missouri --
His Removal --
Personality of the Missouri Feud --
How Mr. Lincoln Regarded it --
His Letter to Gen. Schofield --
His Reply to the Demands of the "Radical" Committee --
Situation in Louisiana --
Military Governorship in Tennessee --
State Re-organization in Arkansas --
Factious Opposition --
Uprising of the People for Mr. Lincoln --
Baltimore Convention --
Nominations --
Responses of Mr. Lincoln --
Address of the Methodist General Conference --
President's Reply --
Congress --
Constitutional Amendment prohibiting Slavery --
Its Defeat in the House --
Repeal of the Fugitive Slave Laws --
New Bureaus Established --
Other Important Legislation --
"Reconstruction" --
Opposition to the President's Policy --
Davis Bill --
Disagreement of the two Houses thereon --
Its Final Passage --
President withholds his Signature --
His Proclamation on the Subject --
Wade-Davis Manifesto --
Letters of Mr. Lincoln in regard to Matters in New Orleans and St. Louis --
President Lincoln's Speech at the Philadelphia Fair --
A Democratic National Convention Called and Postponed --
Clay, Thompson and other Conspirators in Canada --
Greeley Negotiations with them --
President Lincoln's Action in the Case --
North-western Conspiracy --
Chicago Nominations and Platform, 1864 --
Military Operations before Petersburg and Richmond, from June to November, 1864 --
Gen. Hunter's Campaign --
Movements in the Shenandoah Valley --
Early's Invasion of Maryland --
His Demonstration against Washington --
His Retreat up the Valley, and Second Advance to the Potomac --
Burning of Chambersburg --
Successes of Gen. Averill --
Battle of Moorfield --
Gen. Sheridan takes Command in the Valley --
Admiral Farragut before Mobile --
Brilliant Naval Victories --
Movements of Sheridan --
Important Successes in the Valley --
Thanksgiving Proclamation of President Lincoln --
Gen. Sherman's Campaign in Georgia --
From Marietta to Atlanta --
Passage of the Chattahoochee --
Rousseau's Raid --
Battles before Atlanta --
Heavy losses of the Rebels after Hood Succeeds Johnston --
Cavalry expeditions under Stoneman and McCook --
Their Failure --
Operations around Atlanta --
Kilpatrick's Raid --
Sherman's Army on the Macon Railroad --
Battle of Jonesboro --
Capture of Atlanta --
Rebel Raids --
Hood's operations in Sherman's Rear --
Price's Invasion of Missouri --
General Results of the South-western Campaigns --
Presidential Canvass of 1864 concluded --
Spirit of the Opposition --
North-western Conspiracy --
Issue Concerning the Habeas Corpus and Military Arrests --
Letters of Mr. Lincoln on these Subjects --
Efforts of the Rebel Cabal in Canada to influence the Election --
State Elections of September and October --
Voice of the Soldiers --
Presidential Vote --
President's Gratitude to the Army and Navy --
Maryland a Free State --
Mr. Lincoln's Speech to Marylanders --
Cipher Dispatches, and Schemes of the Canadian Cabal --
Affairs in Tennessee --
Canvass in New York --
Second Session of the Thirty-Eighth Congress --
President Lincoln's last Annual Message --
Cabinet Changes --
Mr. Blair withdraws, and Gov. Dennison becomes Postmaster-General --
Mr. Speed Succeeds Judge Bates, as Attorney-General --
Death of Chief Justice Taney --
Mr. Chase his Successor --
Our Relations with Canada --
Reciprocity Treaty to Terminate --
Call for 300,000 more Soldiers --
Amendment of the Constitution Prohibiting Slavery, Concurred in by the House --
Popular Rejoicing --
Rebel Treatment of Union Prisoners --
Retaliation Discussed in the Senate, but Repugnant to Public Sentiment --
Wharncliffe Correspondence --
Testimony of Goldwin Smith --
Peace Memorial from Great Britain --
Correspondence Thereon --
Congratulatory Address of the Workingmen of Great Britain --
Speech of Mr. Lincoln in Reply to the Swedish Minister --
Speech of Mr. Lincoln on the Death of Edward Everett --
Political affairs in Tennessee, Louisiana and Arkansas --
Abortive Peace Negotiations --
Full Details of the Hampton Roads' Conference --
Rebel accounts of the Same --
Affairs in Richmond --
Close of the Thirty-Eighth Congress --
Creation of the Bureau of Freedmen, and other Legislation --
Winter Campaigns of 1864-5 --
Movement of Sherman from Atlanta to Savannah --
Fort McAllister Carried by Assault --
Communication Opened with Admiral Dahlgren's Fleet --
Savannah Occupied by Sherman --
Movements of Hood and Beauregard --
Campaign in Tennessee --
Battle of Franklin --
Armies Before Nashville --
Raid of Stoneman and Burbridge --
Battle of Nashville --
Defeat and Rout of Hood's Army --
Movements Against Wilmington --
Failure of the First Attack on Fort Fisher --
Success of the Second Expedition --
Fort Fisher Captured by Terry and Porter --
Movements of the Army Before Petersburg --
Sherman's Campaign in the Carolinas --
Capture of Charlestou and Wilmington --
Advance of Schofield and Terry on Goldsboro --
Battles of Averysboro and Bentonville --
Occupation of Goldsboro and Union of the Three Armies in North Carolina --
Movements in Virginia --
Conference at City Point --
Close of President Lincoln's First Term --
Order to Gen. Grant in regard to Peace Negotiations --
Fourth of March --
Inauguration Ceremonies --
Mr. Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address --
Contrasts --
Cabinet Changes --
Indisposition of the President --
His Speech at the National Hotel on Negro Soldiers in the Rebel Armies --
He Visits Gen. Grant's Headquarters --
Military Situation --
Conference with his Chief Generals --
Movement of the Forces under Meade and Sheridan --
Fighting near Dinwiddie Court House --
Sheridan's Victory at the Five Forks --
Attack of Wright and Parke on the Lines before Petersburg --
Sixth Corps Carry the Enemy's Works --
Petersburg Evacuated --
Pursuit of the Enemy --
Richmond Taken --
Dispatches of Mr. Lincoln --
Nation's Joy --
Lee's Army Closely Pressed --
Captures at Sailor's Creek --
Surrender of Lee --
Mr. Lincoln at Richmond --
His Visit to the City Point Hospital --
His Return to Washington --
Peace Rejoicings --
Speeches of Mr. Lincoln --
Important Proclamations --
Demand on Great Britain for Indemnity --
Closing Military Movements --
Reduction of the Army --
Mr. Lincoln's Last Meeting with His Cabinet --
Celebration at Fort Sumter --
Last Days of Mr. Lincoln --
His Assassination --
Attack on Mr. Seward --
Remains of Mr. Lincoln lying in State --
Obsequies at Washington --
Removal of the Remains to Springfield, Illinois --
Demonstrations along the route --
Obsequies at Springfield --
Great Crime, its authors and abettors --
Assassin's End --
Conspiracy --
Complicity of Jefferson Davis --
How assassins were trained to their work --
Tributes and Testimonials --
Mr. Lincoln as a Lawyer --
Incidents and Reminiscences --
Additional Speeches --
Letter to Gov. IIahu, on Negro Suffrage --
Letter to Mrs. Gurney --
Letter to a Widow who had lost five Sons in the War --
Letter to a Centenarian --
A Letter written in early life A Speech made in 1839 --
Letter to Mr. Choate, on the Pilgrim Fathers --
Letter to Dr. Maclean, on receiving the Degree of LL.D --
Letter to Gov. Fletcher, of Missouri, on the restoration of order --
A message to the Miners --
Speech at Independence Hall in 1861.
Responsibility: Joseph H. Barrett.

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