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The Life of Stars.

Author: Giora Shaviv.
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Describes the birth and evolution of the theory of stellar structure through the vehement controversy between biology and physics about the age of the Earth, which culminated with Rutherford suggesting radioactive dating.
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Genre/Form: Electronic resource
Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Giora Shaviv.
ISBN: 1282834630 9781282834637 9783642020889 3642020887
OCLC Number: 732598938
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Cover --
Contents --
1 The Controversy about the Age of the Earth --
1.1 The Pre-Scientific Era --
1.2 Charles Lyell and Jean Fourier --
1.3 Energy Conservation: Helmholtz and Mayer --
1.4 The Source of Solar Energy --
1.5 Charles Darwin --
1.6 Devout Criticism of Darwin --
1.7 Scientific Criticism of Darwin --
1.8 First Attempt to Quantify the Meteor Theory --
1.9 Kelvin --
1.10 The Darwin8211;Kelvin Controversy --
1.11 The Birth of the Theory of Stellar Structure --
1.12 Was Solar Contraction Observed? --
1.13 Is the Sun Really Liquid? --
2 What Stellar Classification Tells Us --
2.1 Secchi. The First Steps --
2.2 Huggins and Lockyer. Scientific Astrophysical Spectroscopy --
2.3 Is There a Universal Abundance? --
2.4 Harvard and Potsdam --
2.5 Vogel. The Helium Stars --
2.6 The Henry Draper Project --
2.7 Oh Be A Fine Girl Kiss Me --
2.8 Anjar Hertzsprung. First Correlations --
2.9 The 1910 Referendum: Science by Popular Vote? --
2.10 Warning Signs --
2.11 Henry Norris Russell --
2.12 The Discussion on the Diagram --
2.13 Summary for 1915 --
3 The Dawn of a New Era --
3.1 The Ultimate Answer to the Earth Age Problem: Radioactivity --
3.2 The Complicated Structure of the Earth --
3.3 The Invention of the Cathode Ray Tube --
3.4 Dispersing Kelvin8217;s Clouds. A New Horizon --
3.5 Rutherford8217;s 1907 Address --
3.6 The Atom Is Mostly Empty --
3.7 Science by Committee --
3.8 New Elements or Misled by the Stars --
3.9 The First Atomic Quantum Theory --
3.10 Kelvin and the Age of the Earth. An Epilog --
3.11 What We Know Today about the Age of the Earth --
3.12 Heat Flow --
4 Towards a Complete Theory of Stellar Structure --
4.1 Eddington. The First Stellar Model with Radiative Transfer --
4.2 Stars Are Gaseous --
4.3 Radiation Pressure Plays a Crucial Role in Stars --
4.4 Basic Astrophysics: The Stars Obey Our Laws of Physics --
4.5 Absorption of Radiation. A Key Issue --
4.6 Two Logical Steps Leading to the Role of Radiation Pressure --
4.7 Is the Contraction Energy Sufficient? --
4.8 Some Surprising Expressions --
4.9 Can We Model the Sun? --
4.10 The Achilles Heel --
4.11 The Second Paper --
4.12 The Mean Molecular Weight --
4.13 Why Is the Molecular Weight Important for a Star? --
4.14 A New Phase of Matter --
4.15 How Much Can a Star Radiate? --
4.16 Variable Stars as Theory Testers --
4.17 Leavitt8217;s Cepheid Variable Observations --
4.18 Some Time Perspectives --
4.19 A Death Blow to the Binary Hypothesis --
4.20 The Theory of Stellar Pulsation --
4.21 Hertzsprung Again. A Small Digression --
4.22 A Confusing Issue. The Bizarre White Dwarfs --
4.23 Can We Already Guess What the Energy Source Might Be? --
4.24 Eddington8217;s Response to Russell --
4.25 The Components of the Nucleus --
4.26 Early Hints --
4.27 Eddington8217;s Presidential Address --
4.27.1 Predicting Saturation in the Absorption --
4.27.2 The Prediction of Nuclear Energy and Transmutation of the Elements --
4.28 Chemical Elements in Equilibrium --
4.29 Eddington Discovers Kramers8217; Law --
4.30 The Universe Has Uniform Composition --
4.31 Hertzsprung Once More. The Observed Mass8211;Luminosity Law --
4.32 Kramers Discovers His Law. --
4.33 Absorption in Strong Radiation Fields --
4.34 Subatomic Energy in Difficulty --
4.35 Saha. Getting the Stellar State --
4.36 The Theoretical Mass821.

Abstract:

Describes the birth and evolution of the theory of stellar structure through the vehement controversy between biology and physics about the age of the Earth, which culminated with Rutherford suggesting radioactive dating.

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