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Local labor markets in Canada and the United States

Author: David Y Albouy; Alexander W Chernoff; Chandler Lutz; Casey R Warman; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 25709.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
We examine local labor markets in the U.S. and Canada from 1990 to 2011 using comparable household and business data. Wage levels and inequality rise with city population in both countries, albeit less in Canada. Neither country saw wage levels converge despite contrasting migration patterns from/to high-wage areas. Local labor demand shifts raise nominal wages similarly, although in Canada they attract immigrant  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: David Y Albouy; Alexander W Chernoff; Chandler Lutz; Casey R Warman; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 1091591319
Notes: "March 2019"
Description: 1 online resource (58 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 25709.
Responsibility: David Albouy, Alex Chernoff, Chandler Lutz, Casey Warman.

Abstract:

We examine local labor markets in the U.S. and Canada from 1990 to 2011 using comparable household and business data. Wage levels and inequality rise with city population in both countries, albeit less in Canada. Neither country saw wage levels converge despite contrasting migration patterns from/to high-wage areas. Local labor demand shifts raise nominal wages similarly, although in Canada they attract immigrant and highly-skilled workers more, while raising housing costs less. Chinese import competition had a weaker negative impact on manufacturing employment in Canada. These results are consistent with Canada's more redistributive transfer system and larger, more-educated immigrant workforce.

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