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The lower criminal courts

Author: Alisa Smith; Sean Maddan
Publisher: New York ; London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"This book explores misdemeanor courts in the United States by focusing on the processing of misdemeanor crimes and the resultant consequences of conviction, such as loss of employment and housing, the imposition of significant fines, and loss of liberty--all amounting to the criminalization of poverty that happens in many U.S. misdemeanor courts. A major concern is the lack of due process employed in lower courts.  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Lower criminal courts.
New York ; London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
(DLC) 2019002762
(OCoLC)1082971665
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Alisa Smith; Sean Maddan
ISBN: 9780429268816 0429268815 9781000000078 1000000079 9780415000079 0415000076 9781000006902 1000006905 9781000013436 100001343X
OCLC Number: 1102473360
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Introduction : Why Misdemeanor Courts Matter / Alisa Smith --
Legal History of Misdemeanor Courts / Alisa Smith --
The Process is the Punishment Revisited : Forty-Year Anniversary Review / Jennifer Earl --
The Impact of Broken-Windows Policing on Lower Criminal Courts / Jacinta M. Gau and Nicholas Paul --
Providing Counsel for Defendants: Access, Quality, and Impact / Andrew Davis and Kirstin A. Morgan --
Misdemeanor Justice in Rural Courts / Alissa Pollitz Worden and Alyssa M. Clark --
The Validity of Misdemeanor Pleas / Samantha Luna, Amy Dezember, and Allison D. Redlich --
Minor Crimes, Major Impacts: An Examination of Racially Disparate Outcomes in Misdemeanor Court Processing / Amanda P. Cook --
The Financial Consequences of Misdemeanors / Sean Maddan and Sierra Bell --
Specialty Courts as Lower Criminal Courts / Richard D. Hartley --
The Prosecutor in the Misdemeanor Courtroom : Nudging Culture Change in Policy and Practice / Julian Adler, Sherene Crawford, and Tia Pooler --
Bail and Pretrial Detention Reform in the Lower Courts / Reveka V. Shteynberg, Alissa Pollitz Worden --
Necessary but Not Sufficient : A Reexamination of Procedural Justice in the Lower Courts (and Beyond) / Julian Adler, Rachel Swaner, and Michael Rempel --
The Future of Drug, Homeless, and Veterans Courts / Mai E. Naito --
Conclusion / Sean Maddan.
Responsibility: edited by Alisa Smith and Sean Maddan.

Abstract:

"This book explores misdemeanor courts in the United States by focusing on the processing of misdemeanor crimes and the resultant consequences of conviction, such as loss of employment and housing, the imposition of significant fines, and loss of liberty--all amounting to the criminalization of poverty that happens in many U.S. misdemeanor courts. A major concern is the lack of due process employed in lower courts. Although the seminal case of Gideon v. Wainwright required the appointment of counsel to individuals too poor to hire counsel in felony cases, it was not until 1967, when the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice found a crisis in the lower courts, that the Supreme Court extended the right to counsel to some (though not all) prosecutions of misdemeanor offenses. The first step to improving our understanding of the lower courts is a concerted effort by scholars to focus on the processing and outcomes of misdemeanor cases. This collection begins to fill the void by providing a comprehensive review of the scholarly work on the lower courts in the United States. Collecting analysis from key academics engaged in work in this area today, the book reviews the varying specialized lower criminal courts, including specialty courts that have emerged in just the last couple of decades, along with discussions of the history, legal challenges, operation, primary actors (judges, prosecutors, defense counsel, and defendants), and current research on these courts. The book explores the profound consequences misdemeanor processing has for defendants and discusses the future of the lower criminal courts and offers best practices to improve them"--

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The Lower Criminal Courts is a timely and meaningful addition to the literature on courts and criminal justice. The authors focus much-needed attention on an understudied and misunderstood, but Read more...

 
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