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"Maore Farantsa" : the self-determination of Mayotte to become a département of France

Author: Robert William Crabtree
Publisher: 2015.
Dissertation: Ph. D. University of Adelaide, School of Social Sciences 2015
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : Manuscript   Archival Material : English
Summary:
The small Indian Ocean island of Mayotte, a French colony since 1843, rejected independence as part of a four-island Comores in 1975. Instead, the island's people insisted upon a desire first voiced in 1958 to become a département of France, thus integrating into the erstwhile colonial power. This was considered by many, including the United Nations General Assembly, to be contrary to international law. This thesis  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Academic theses
Material Type: Thesis/dissertation, Manuscript
Document Type: Book, Archival Material
All Authors / Contributors: Robert William Crabtree
OCLC Number: 959625609
Notes: "Department of Politics and International Studies, School of Social Sciences, University of Adelaide, February 2015."
Description: xiii, 289 leaves : illustrations (black and white), maps (some colour) ; 30 cm
Contents: Preface and acknowledgements --
1. Introduction --
Aims --
Methods --
Background : differing viewpoints --
Background : theoretical perspectives --
Language and methodology : constraints --
Overview and structure --
2. Historical background : how a small island became a département of France --
Geography and demography --
The pre-colonial epoch --
The early colonial period : one island --
The late colonial period : four islands --
From colony to "territoire" --
Four islands or 3+1? --
The road to "département" status --
3. Why did it happen? --
The "France as prime mover" theory --
The "politics of avoidance" theory --
The "economic advantage" theory --
Why "département" status? --
4. Aspects of international law --
Self-determination --
Secession --
Uti possidetis --
Territorial integrity --
5. French law --
The constitution and the outre-mer --
French law and international law --
The 'Conseil constitutionnel' and the case of Mayotte --
Arts. 72-4 : the mechanics of outre-mer --
The région ultrapériphérique --
Concluding remarks --
6. The world of small islands --
Boundaries --
Archipelagos --
Small islands and archipelagos : self-perception --
Secession and separation in a small island context --
7. Conclusion --
Appendix 1. Mayotte : dramatis personae --
Appendix 2. Documentation.
Responsibility: Robert William Crabtree.

Abstract:

The small Indian Ocean island of Mayotte, a French colony since 1843, rejected independence as part of a four-island Comores in 1975. Instead, the island's people insisted upon a desire first voiced in 1958 to become a département of France, thus integrating into the erstwhile colonial power. This was considered by many, including the United Nations General Assembly, to be contrary to international law. This thesis examines the causes, the circumstances and the relevant law, both international and French, and argues that the départementalisation of Mayotte was not, in all likelihood, illegal by the law of the time, and is now, correctly, not seen in these terms. The thesis argues that while previous discussion has centred upon the relations of France and the Republic (now Union) of Comores, an examination with Mayotte at its centre and with self-determination and small island theory as prime themes, will give a more nuanced view of the complex relationships and their standing in law. The thesis emphasises the significance of the Affaire Mayotte to scholars and analysts of the Anglophone world, where it is largely unknown.

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