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Maquiladoras, women's work, and unemployment in northern Mexico

Author: Susan Tiano
Publisher: [East Lansing, Mich.] (202 International Center, East Lansing 48824) : Michigan State University, ©1984.
Series: Working paper (Michigan State University. Office of Women in International Development), #43.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Although Mexico's Border Industrialization Program (BIP) was formulated to relieve unemployment in northern cities, critics claim that it has not served this end. The main reason for this failure, many maintain, is that unemployment in the North, as in the nation as a whole, is a male problem. Yet, women constitute the bulk of the BIP labor force. This paper employs aggregate data on men's and women's labor force  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Tiano, Susan.
Maquiladoras, women's work, and unemployment in northern Mexico.
[East Lansing, Mich.] (202 International Center, East Lansing 48824) : Michigan State University, ©1984
(OCoLC)654297570
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Susan Tiano
OCLC Number: 11291312
Notes: "February 1984."
Description: 32 pages ; 28 cm.
Series Title: Working paper (Michigan State University. Office of Women in International Development), #43.
Responsibility: by Susan Tiano.

Abstract:

Although Mexico's Border Industrialization Program (BIP) was formulated to relieve unemployment in northern cities, critics claim that it has not served this end. The main reason for this failure, many maintain, is that unemployment in the North, as in the nation as a whole, is a male problem. Yet, women constitute the bulk of the BIP labor force. This paper employs aggregate data on men's and women's labor force participation to demonstrate that this claim is based on several inaccurate assumptions. Average unemployment rates for the Northern region, as for the nation as a whole, are higher among women than men of comparable ages. Joblessness is especially pronounced among younger women, that sector of the labor force from which the majority of BIP workers are recruited. The program does not appear to have enhanced women's labor market situation relative to men's; rather, the same conditions which weaken women's employment status in other parts of Mexico also operate in the North, despite any job opportunities the program might offer. This essay draws upon propositions from Marxist-feminist theory to interpret these empirical trends.

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