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Matthaeus adversus Christianos : the use of the Gospel of Matthew in Jewish polemics against the divinity of Jesus

Author: Christoph Ochs
Publisher: Tübingen, Germany : Mohr Siebeck, [2013] ©2013
Dissertation: Revision of the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Nottingham, UK, 2012.
Series: Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament., 2. Reihe ;, 350.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Apologetic writings
History
Controversial literature
Apologetic works
Named Person: Jesus Christ; Jesus Christ.
Material Type: Thesis/dissertation
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Christoph Ochs
ISBN: 9783161526152 3161526155
OCLC Number: 855995419
Language Note: In English, with some texts in Arabic.
Description: xv, 410 pages ; 24 cm.
Contents: The use of the Gospel of Matthew in Jewish polemics against the divinity of Jesus --
Introduction --
The divinity of Jesus --
The Gospel of Matthew --
Jewish polemics --
Methodology & presentation --
The use of the Gospel of Matthew in Qisṣạt Mujādalat al-Usquf and Sefer Nestor ha-Komer --
Introduction --
The historical context of Qisṣạ --
The character and content overview of Qisṣạ/Nestor --
The narrative setting (ʹʹ1-8) --
Better candidates for divinity (ʹʹ9-24) --
Theological issues with the trinity (ʹʹ25-32) --
The divinity of Jesus and the law (ʹʹ33-37) --
Scriptural proofs against the divinity of Jesus (ʹʹ38-57) --
The law, Jesus' humanity, and his divinity (ʹʹ58-71) --
The life of Jesus' reveals his utter humanity (ʹʹ72-109) --
Miscellaneous arguments against Jesus (ʹʹ110-138) --
Arguments from a different Gospel sequence (ʹʹ139-158) --
Underlying sources in Qisṣạ/Nestor --
The Gospel of Matthew in Qisṣạ/Nestor --
Jesus' distinctiveness --
The term "son of man:" Mt 24:36,12:18 (ʹ39, ʹ57) --
Jesus' prayer at the cross : Mt 27:46 (ʹ45) --
The use of "messianic psalms:" Mt 22:41-46 (ʹ50) --
Jesus and the "rich young ruler:" Mt 19:16f (ʹ51) --
Jesus' prayer in Gethsemane : Mt 26:36-46 (ʹ53) --
Jesus' statements of being sent : Mt 12:54-57 (ʹ55) --
Jesus' human origins (ʹ78, ʹ77, ʹ80, ʹ150, ʹ97) --
The inappropriateness of incarnation (ʹ74, ʹ76, ʹ82, ʹ111) --
Summary --
The use of the Gospel of Matthew in Jacob ben Reuben's Milhạmot ha-Shem --
Introduction --
The historical context of Milhạmot ha-Shem --
Outline and content overview of Milhạmot ha-Shem --
The Gospel of Matthew in Milhạmot ha-Shem --
Outline of chapter 11 --
Jesus' genealogy : Mt 1:1-16 --
Jesus' baptism : Mt 3:13-17 --
Jesus' temptation : Mt 4:1-11a --
Jesus' prayer to the father : Mt 11:25-27 --
Jesus in Gethsemane : Mk 14:32-37a, 40b-41, par. Mt 26:36-40a, 45 --
Jesus' cursing of the fig tree : Mt 21:18-19 --
Jesus on the kingdom and authority : Mt 28:16-20a --
Jesus on blasphemy against the spirit : Mt 12:30-32 --
Summary --
The use of the Gospel of Matthew in Joseph ben Nathan's Sefer Yosef ha-Meqanne --
Introduction --
The historical context of Sefer Yosef ha-Meqanne --
The manuscripts of Sefer Yosef ha-Meqanne --
Overview of the use of the New Testament in Sefer Yosef ha-Meqanne --
The Gospel of Matthew in Sefer Yosef ha-Meqanne --
Jesus' mission : Mt 1:16,18,21 (ʹ16) --
Jesus' birth : Mt 1:23,26:39, and 20:28 (ʹ37) --
Jesus' flight to egypt : Mt 2:13-14 (ʹ22) --
Jesus' god-given judgment : Lk 12:22-24, par. Mt 6:25-26 (ʹ24) --
Jesus was sleeping : Mt 8:21-25 (ʹ29) --
The term "son of man:" Mt 8:18-20 (ʹʹ26-27) --
The term "son of man:" Mt 8:20 (ʹ7) --
The term "son of man:" Mt 9:6 (ʹ25) --
The term "son of man:" Mt 9:6 (ʹ28) --
Jesus and the hemorrhaging woman : Mt 9:20 (ʹ12) --
Jesus and John the Baptist : Mt 11:11a (ʹ1) --
Jesus on gluttony : Mt 11:19a (ʹ4) --
Quicunque Vult and blasphemy against the spirit : Mt 12:31-32 (ʹ9) --
Jesus on blasphemy against the spirit : Mt 12:31-32 (ʹ41) --
The term "son of man:" Mt 13:37 (ʹ13) --
Jesus and the "rich young ruler:" mk 10:17-21, par. Mt 19:16f (ʹ33) --
Jesus and the sons of Zebedee : Mt 20:22-23 (ʹ15) --
Jesus' lament over Jerusalem : Mt 23:37 (ʹ3) --
Jesus in Gethsemane : Mt 26:38,41 (ʹ6) --
Jesus in Gethsemane : Mt 26:39 (ʹ10) --
Jesus' words on the cross : Mt 27:46 (ʹ38) --
Jesus commissions his disciples : Mt 28:16-20 (ʹ30) --
Summary --
The use of the Gospel of Matthew in Sefer Nizzahon Vetus --
Introduction --
The historical context of Nizzahon Vetus --
The textual history of Nizzahon Vetus --
The Gospel of Matthew in Nizzahon Vetus --
Jesus' genealogy : Mt 1:1-17,25 (ʹ154, ʹ88, ʹ28) --
Jesus' flight to egypt : Mt 2:13-14 (ʹ159) --
Jesus' baptism : Mt 3:13,16-17 (ʹ160) --
Jesus' temptation : Mt 4:1-1 la(ʹ 162) --
The term "son of man:" Mt 8:20,9:6,20:28 (ʹ188, ʹ168, ʹ215) --
Jesus' prayer to the father : Mt 11:25-30 (ʹ170) --
Blasphemy against the spirit : Lk 12:10, par. Mt 12:31-32 (ʹ223) --
Jesus' statement of being sent : Mt 13:57 and Mt 12:18 (ʹ207) --
Jesus and the "rich young ruler:" Mk 10:17-21, par. Mt 19:16-21 (ʹ184) --
Cursing the fig tree : Mk 11:11-14a, par. Mt 21:17-19a (ʹ181) --
Jesus' ignorance : Mk 13:24-34a, par. Mt 24:29-33,36 (ʹ177, ʹ194) --
Jesus in Gethsemane : Mk 14:32-42, par. Mt 26:36-46 (ʹ176) --
Jesus on the cross : Mk 15:33-34, par. Mt 27:45-46 (ʹ178, ʹ145) --
Jesus commissions his disciples : Mt 28:16-20 (ʹ182) --
Summary --
The use of the Gospel of Matthew in Shem Tọv ben Isaac Ibn Shaprut'̣s Even Bohạn --
Introduction --
The historial context of Even Bohạn (and Kelimmat ha-Goyim) --
The hebrew Gospel of Matthew in Even Bohạn --
The Gospel of Matthew in Even Bohạn --
Jesus' genealogy : Mt 1:1-16 (ʹ1) --
Bethlehem ephratah : Mt 2:1-12 (ʹ3) --
Jesus' flight to egypt : Mt 2:13-15 (ʹ4) --
Jesus' baptism : Mt 3:13-17 (ʹ6) --
Jesus' temptation : Mt 4:1-11 (ʹ7) --
Jesus' healings : Mt 8:1-4 (ʹ18) --
Jesus' raising of the dead : Mt 9:18-26 (ʹ22) --
Jesus' miracles : Mt 9:32-38 (ʹ24) --
Jesus and John the Baptist : Mt 11:11-15 (ʹ24) --
Jesus' prayer to the father : Mt 11:25-30 (ʹ25) --
Jesus' exorcisms : Mt 12:22-29 (ʹ28) --
Jesus on blasphemy against the spirit : Mt 12:30-37 (ʹ29) --
Jesus' signs : Mt 12:38-45 (ʹ30) --
Peter's confessions : Mt 16:13-20 (ʹ37) --
The transfiguration : Mt 17:1-8 (ʹ38) --
The cursing of the fig tree : Mt 21:10-22 (ʹ42) --
Paying taxes to Caesar : Mt 22:15-22 (ʹ44) --
Jesus' ignorance : Mt 24:27-36 (ʹ50) --
Jesus in Gethsemane : Mt 26:31-44 (ʹ53) --
Jesus' words on the cross : Mt 27:27-66 (ʹ56) --
Summary --
The use of the Gospel of Matthew in Profiat Duran's Kelimmat ha-Goyim --
Introduction --
The historical context of Kelimmat ha-Goyim --
The Gospel of Matthew in Kelimmat ha-Goyim --
Jesus was not called God in the New Testament --
Jesus' temptation I : Mt4:l-ll --
The cursing of the fig tree : Mt 21:18-21 --
Jesus and the "rich young ruler:" Mk 10:17-21, par. Matt 19:16-21 --
Jesus' temptation ii : Mt 4:3-4 --
The "term son of man:" Mk 10:45,11:13-14 --
The "term son of man:" John 5:30 --
Joseph is Jesus' father : Lk 2:41-48, par. Mt 1:22-23 --
Jesus' words on the cross : Mt 27:34 --
Jesus' self-understanding : John 10:19-36 --
Matthew's intention with Isa 7:14 : Mt 1:22-23 --
The hypostatic union and Jesus' death : Mt 27:46 --
Profiat Duran on contradictions in the New Testament --
Summary --
The use of the Gospel of Matthew in Isaac b. Abraham of Troki's sefer Hịzzuq Emunah --
Introduction --
The text of Hịzzuq Emunah --
Content overview of Hịzzuq Emunah --
The Gospel of Matthew in Hịzzuq Emunah --
The "son of man" and blasphemy against the spirit : Mt 12:32 (I, ʹ10) --
Jesus' nativity and Isaiah's prophecy : Mt 1:20-25 (I, ʹ21) --
Jesus in Gethsemane : Mt 26:36,27:46 (I, ʹ47) --
Jesus' temptation : Mt 4:1-10 (II, ʹ7) --
The term "son of man:" Mt 8:19-20 (II, 12) --
Jesus is sent : Mt 10:40 (II, ʹ14) --
Jesus on blasphemy against the spirit : Mt 12:32 (II, ʹ16) --
Jesus and the "rich young ruler:" Mt 19:16-21 (II, ʹ19) --
Jesus and the sons of Zebedee : Mt 20:23 (II, ʹ20) --
The term "son of man:" Mt 20:28 (II, ʹ21) --
Jesus in Gethsemane and on the cross : Mt 26:39 (II, ʹ24) --
Jesus' words on the cross : Mt 26:39 (II, ʹ24) --
Jesus commissions the disciples : Mt 28:18 (II, 27) --
The cursing of the fig tree : Mk 11:12-40, par. Mt 21:18-22 (II, ʹ30) --
Jesus' ignorance : Mk 13:32, par. Mt 24:36 (II, ʹ31) --
Summary --
Conclusion : the use of the Gospel of Matthew in Jewish polemics --
Synopsis of finds --
Selectivity of readings --
Continuity with earlier polemics --
Avoidance of doctrinal engagement --
Evaluation of finds --
The divine/human Dichotomy --
Jesus is Vere Homo only --
Epilogue : the central paradox --
Appendix I : Me'ir ben Simeon's Milhẹmet Misṿa : reason 11 of the 15 reasons why jews cannot believe in Jesus --
Appendix II : index and overview of common polemical arguments --
Bibliography --
Index of literature --
Index of modem authors --
Index of persons & subjects.
Series Title: Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament., 2. Reihe ;, 350.
Responsibility: Christoph Ochs.
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